"The Ways of Ascent". Surah 70 of the Holy Qur' an.
A spiritual realisation of Allah Ta'ala. Gnosis. It is to directly witness the Light of the Names and Attributes of Allah manifested in the heart.
Assemblies. Whether they be assemblies of mankind or of the Jinn or both.
"Small Kindnesses". Surah 107 of the Holy Qur'an.
A Hajj that is accepted by Allah because of its perfection in both inward intention and outward observance of the traditions of Rasoolu'llah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.
People of the Prophet Shu'aib, peace be on him. They were destroyed by an earthquake for rejecting Shu'aib and the warnings from Allah Ta' ala he had brought with him. See Holy Qur'an, Al-A'raf(7):85-93, Houd (1]):84-95.
A foul-smelling gum.
Plural of Ghazwa. See Ghazwa.
"Cursed" by Allah Ta'ala. Surah Al-Fariha (1):7, "...Maghdoubee 'alaihim..." (those that have been cursed) refers to the Jews. Allah Ta' ala has cursed them for continually breaking their covenants. See Holy Qur' an, Al-Baqara (2 ):83 - 86, 93,100, Al-Ma' idah (5):13-14, 73.
Forgiveness. In the Holy Qur'an Allah Ta'ala uses three different words to mean "forgive":
A combination of Kufee (angular) and Naskh (curved) scripts often used for hand-written copies of the Holy Qur'an written in north-west Africa.
Sunset. The fourth compulsory Salat (Prayer) of the day. It consists of three Raq'as. It can be prayed at any time between just after sunset and before the stars appear in the sky.
A major Shirk. Loving a created being or an object more than Allah Ta'ala. See Shirk.
A man whom a woman can never marry because of closeness of relationship (e.g. father, brother, uncle, son, etc.). Her husband is also her Mahrarn.
Dowry given by a husband to his bride on marriage.
"The Table Spread". Surah 5 of the Holy Qur' an.
Gambling. Literally means getting something too easily. Maiser has been prohibited by Allah Ta'ala in the strongest terms possible : "Ijtanibou" - "Leave it!". It is a higher level of prohibition than forbidding it because it is Haram. Hararn = a direct prohibition ordered by Allah Ta'ala. Ijtanibou = a degree more serious than Ha ram. It is not only Haram, but also a direct command not to approach or be near it for any reason whatsoever. See Holy Qur'an, Al-Ba qara (2):2 19, A/-Ma' idah (5):93.
"Al-Majeed". The Most Glorious. One of the ninety-nine Attributes ofAllah. For a full list of the Asmaul Husna of Allah Ta'ala.
Fire worshippers. These people lived mainly in Persia and the Eastern Arabian Peninsula in the pre-Islamic period of ignorance. See Holy Qur' an, Al-Haft (22):17.
Has two meanings:
Disapproved of, but not prohibited by Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala. See Ahkam.
Singular of Malaikab (angels). See Malaikah.
What is prohibited in acts of worship in the Shari'a. For example, doing voluntary Salat (prayers) between the Fajr Salat and sunrise, or between the Asr Salat and sunset; fasting on either of the two 'Eid days.
A famous goddess in the Hijaz who used to be worshipped by the pagan Arabs in the pre-Islamic period of ignorance. See Holy Qur' an, An-Najim (53):20
A huge plateau on the outskirts of Madin ah.
General sacrifice in the path of Allah Ta'ala. All deeds and actions during the Hajj are regarded as Manasik, for they are indeed regarded as sacrifices in the path of Allah.
Abrogated. The abrogation of certain commands usually came with increased belief or a change in situation. Only Allah Ta'ala has the power to abrogate verses of the Holy Qur'an. An example of an abrogated statement is: "...wa in too bdu ma fee anfooseekum aw too khfoohu youhasibkumbihi Allah..."(Al-Baqara (2):284), "...whether you show what is in your mind or conceal it, Allah will call you to account for it...". When the Muslims heard this Ayah they went to Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said: "O Rasoolullah, we can control ourselves, but how can we control the outbursts in our hearts?" (i.e. sudden thoughts that Shaitan puts within us). The Prophet Muhammad said: "Do you intend to say, 'Same'na wa asaina' (We hear and we disobey), as did both the People of the Book (i.e. the Jews and the Christians)? Say, 'Same'na wa ata'na!'." So they said, 'Same'na wa ata'na (We hear and we obey) . On hearing their reply Allah Ta'ala abrogated this verse, by revealing the 286th verse of Surah al-Bqara. "La youkalifu'llahu nafsan lila wus'aha...", "Allah does not burden a soul beyond its scope...". The aim of the 284th verse of Surah al-Baqara was to test the followers of Muhammad, may the blessings and peace of Allah be on him and them, as to whether or not they would say the same as the Jews and the Christians who used to say, "Same 'na wa 'asaina" (We hear and we disobey)
The station of Ibrahim. The place where the Prophet Ibrahim, peace be on him, stood in prayer, and which marks the place of prayer following Tawaf of the Ka'aba. This place today is marked by a stone in which there are two large sunken footprints, said to have been made by the Prophet Ibrahim when he stood on the stone while he and his son Ismael were building the Ka'aba.
The highest station in Jannah (Paradise). This place will be granted to the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and to no-one else. Sahih Bukhari, Hadith 242, Book 60, Vol.6.
"Mary". The Virgin Mary. Daughter of 'Imran and Hannah and mother of the Prophet Isa (Jesus), peace be on him. She is the first of the four greatest females created, the other three being:
One of the two angels that were sent by Allah as a trial to mankind by way of allowing Harut and Marut to teach them magic. See Holy Qur'an, Al-Baqara (2):102.
A small hill in Makkah close to the holiest Masjid in Islam, Al-Masjid al-Haram. See Sa'i Safa and Marwa.
"Palm Fibre". Another name for Surah AbI Lahab. This Surah condemned Abi Lahab and his wife to Hellfire (many years before their deaths) for their Kufr, especi~ly their violent opposition to the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Surah 1]] of the Holy Qur'an.
Mosques. Places of worship forthe Muslims. Singular: Masjid. The whole earth is a Masjid for the Mu4ims, the dome of the heavens its roof.
visibly in need, but also those who seem in no need of help, but who in reality are very poor. Singular: Miskeen.
"Messiah". A title which means "Annointed", or "Christ". There are two Messiahs:
The boundary of AI-Masjid al-Haram in Makkah. It is prohibited to kill any game, or to damage any plant or tree, or to act in any manner that will violate the sanctity of the Holy Mosque.
Mosque. A place of worship for Muslims. A place where the five daily compulsory prayers are regularly done, except for the Jum'a prayers (the Friday noon prayer and Friday Khutba). The Masjid Jame' is the place where all the five compulsory Salat (Prayers) and the Jurn'a prayers are regularly done. The Masjid Jame' is usually larger than a Masjid. Plural: Masaj Id.
The 'Furthest Mosque' built by the early Muslims in Jerusalem, on or near where the Temple of Solomon once stood. See Baitul-Maqdis.
The Grand Masjid in Makkah. The Ka'ba (the Qiblalt of the Muslims) is situated within it.
Another name for the Masjid ar-Rasool in Al-Madinah. It is the second greatest Masjid in Islam, the first being the Masjid al-Haram in Al-Makkah al-Mukaramah, and the third being the Masjid al-Aqsa in AI-Quds (Jerusalem).
The Prophet's Masjid (mosque) in Al-Madina al-Munawara, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. It is the second of the three greatest Masajid (mosques) in Islam. The other two are AI-Masjid al-Haram in Makkah al-Mukaramah, and Al-Masjid al-Aqsa in Al-Quds (Jerusalem). Also known as Al-Masjid an-Nabawi.
The main place of worship for Muslims in a village, town or city.. It is where all the five daily compulsory prayers take place, including the Friday noon prayer and the Khutba (sermon). See Masjid.
The often repeated Ayat ofthe Holy Qur' an, especially the Surat al-Fatiha, for it is always recited during Salat, in every Rak'a.
Literally means protector. Allah Subhana waTa'ala describes Himself as the Maula of the believers. See Holy Qur'an, Al-Baqara (2) :256, Aali 'Imran (3):152, Al-Ha'j (22):78. Maula also has the meaning of "master". 1. Satan is the Maula to the unbelievers. 2. The master is a Maula to his slave. Maula is also the term used to describe a freed slave who remains as part of the family.
Plural of Miqat. See Miqat.
A form of address to a ruler implying protector.
The Night Journey of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Alllah bless him and grant him peace, from Makka to Jerusalem and then through the realms of the seven Heavens, beyond the limit of forms, the Sidrat al-Muntaha, to within a bow-span's length or nearer to the Presence of Allah. See Holy Qur' an, Al-Isra (17):1. See Bukhari, Hadith 345, Book 8, Vol.1 ,and 227,book 58 Vol.5.
Prayer niche of a Masjid (mosque), in front of which the Imam stands when leading the congregational prayers.
Steps on which the Imam stands to deliver the Khutba on the day of the Jum'a.
A place five miles from Makkah and approximately ten miles from 'Arafat. An essential place to visit during the Hajj. See Hajj.
A measure of weight for weighing gold in this world and deeds on the Day of Judgement in the next world.
Qur'anic verses which have a clear-cut meaning.
A person who is in the state of 'Itikaf. See Itikaf.
The man who calls the Adhan loudly before each obligatory Salat (Prayer), calling the people to prayer.
Voluntary prayers regularly done. This type of optional prayer was virtually always done by Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. See Nafilah.
The two Surahs of seeking protection, Surat Al-Falaq (113) and SurarAn-Nas (114). These Suwar were revealed for mankind and the Jinn to protect themselves from evil and black magic. It is Kufr (unbelief) to delve into the black arts, since this is a denial of the truth that there is no strength and no power except from Allah.
Blessed. Having received the blessings of Allah.
Glad tidings. Good dreams.
Major, destructive sins.
"The Cloaked One". Surat 74 of the Holy Qur' an.
The last, shorter Surahs of the Holy Qur' an. Ml the Suwar from Surah Qaf(50) to Surat an-Nas (114).
Same as Mufassal.
A Muslim who remembers Allah Ta' ala constantly.
A scholar of Ahadeeth (sayings and traditions of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace). Plural: Muhaditheen.
Scholars of Ahadeeth (sayings and traditions of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace). Singular: Muhadith.
A Muslim who emigrated from Makkah to Madinah during the time of the great repression of the Muslims by the pagan Quraish up until the conquest of Makkah in 8AH by the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Plural: Muhajireen.
Plural of Muhajir. See Holy Qur'an, Al-Hashr (59):8-9, Al-Munafiqun (63): 7. See Muhajir.
The Final Messenger of Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala to Ins wal Jinn (mankind and the Jinn). Born in Makkah in 570AC. At the age of 40 he was called upon to become the mightiest of all messengers. He died in Madinah at the age of 63 after gloriously completing his transmission of the Divine Message. He was the bringer of the greatest miracle of all time, the Holy Qur'an. It is through him that Allah Ta'ala has enlightened mankind and the Jinn until the Day of Judgement. He is the Best of Creation, may the blessings and peace of Allah be on him and his family and his companions and all who follow him and them in what they are able, with sincerity, until the Last Day. To those Jews and Christians who reject the Holy Prophet Muhammad, let it be known that Muhammad is actually mentioned by name in the Old Testament in the original Hebrew Song of Solomon, Ch.5, v.16. But for some misguided reason they have chosen to adulterate it by changing it from "Muhammadim" (in the Hebrew) to "altogether lovely" in the English. (Mummad + im is a term of respect in Hebrew.) Similarly, Muhammad is actually mentioned by name in the New Testament in John 14.16,26,15.26 and 16.13. The Greek word "Periqleitos" (Paraclete), which is the equivalent of the Aramaic word "Mhamda", means precisely what "Ahmad" means in Arabic, "the most praiseworthy", and "Ahmad" is one of the Prophet Muhammad's names, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. But for some misguided reason they have chosen to adulterate it by changing it from "Mhamda" (in the Aramaic) to "Comforter" or "Counsellor" in the English. Many other references to Muhammad which existed in the original Torah and Ingeel have been removed altogether. Allah Ta'ala's wrath awaits those who knowingly alter or hide His words. Allah Ta'ala has given Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, the following names;
One who assumes Ihram. See Ihram.
A female who assumes Ihram. See Ihram.
A Mu'sir who intends to do the Hajj or an Umra, but is unable to do so due to some obstacle.
One who is in a state of Ihsan and accordingly does right and does good deeds. Plural; Muhsineen. See Ihsan.
People who do righteous deeds in a perfect manner. Singular: Mubsin.
"She who Disputes". The woman referred to is Khawla bint Tha'lab. Surah 58 of the Holy Qur'an.
One who takes active part in a Jihad. Plural: Mujahideen. See Jihad.
Muslims who take part in a Jihad. Singular Mujahid. See Jihad.
The act of carrying out LI'aan. See Li'aan.
"Touched", as a synonym of Lamas. See Lamas.
Atheist. A complete disbeliever in Allah Ta'ala and the Last Day. Derives from Ilhad (atheism). Ilhad literally means deviation. For a full explanation: See Ilhad. Plural: Mulhidoon or Muihideen.
"The Sovereignty", of Allah Ta'ala. Surah 67 of the Holy Qur'an.
The area between the Black Stone and the door of the Ka'aba where it is recommended to make Du'a.
"The Believer". Someone who trusts in Allah and accepts and follows His Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Another name for Al-Ghafir. Surah4O of the Holy Qur'an.
"The Believers". Surah 23 of the Holy Qur'an.
"She that is to he Examined". Surah 60 of the Holy Qur' an.
"Thrown", as synonym of Nibadh. See Nibadh.
A hypocrite, more dangerous and worse than a kafir
Hypocrites. They are the worst of created beings, for they pretend to, but do not believe in Allah and the Last Day. Allah has cursed them (At-Tawbah (9):67-69) and on the Day of Judgement they will occupy the lowest depth of the Nar (Hellfire), called "Hutama". Also spelled as Munafiqoon. Singular: Munaflq.
"The Hypocrites". Surah 63 of the Holy Qur' an.
The two angels who will question the souls of the dead in their graves shortly after burial about their faith, asking, "Who is your Lord? Who is your Prophet? What is your Book? What was your Deen?" See Malaikah.
Literally means "those who have been brought near". These are the most exalted, the most loved by Allah Ta'ala. On the Day of Resurrection, Allah Ta'ala will sort out the good and the evil into three groups:
A person who is on the road spreading Islam.
"The Emissaries". Surah 77 of the Holy Qur' an.
Literally means "those who are sent". It refers to the prophets and messengers sent by Allah Ta'ala. Allah sent many prophets and messengers to preach the message of Tawheed to Ins wal Jinn (mankind and the Jinn). Their exact number is not Ahadeeth. Here is a complete list of the prophets and messengers of Allah who are mentioned in the Book of Allah Ta'ala, may the blessings and peace of Allah be on all of them:
Name of Prophet Age Period From To Remarks 1. Adam 950-1000 ? ? The first human. 2. Idris 83 ? ? Enoch. 3. Nooh(M) 950 3900 2900BC Noah. 4. Houd 150 2500 2200BC Preached to 'Ad. 5. Saleh 58 2000 1900BC Preached to Thamud. 6. Ibhrahim (NI) 175 1861 1786BC Abraham. 7. Loot 175 1861 1786BC Lot. 8. Ismael 120or143 1781 1638BC Shmael. 9. Ishaq 178or180 1761 1681BC Isaac. 10.Yacoub 147 1700 1653BC Jacob. 11.Yusuf 110 1610 l5OOBC Joseph. 12.Shuaib ? 1600 15OOBC Preached to Madyan. 13.Ayoub 92 1600 1500BC Job. 14.Dhu'l-Kifel 75 1600 15OOBC Ezekiel. 15.Musa(M) 120 1436 1316BC Moses. 16.Haroon 122 1439 1317BC Aaron. 17.Dawood (NI) 70 1043 937BC David. 18.Sulaiman 53 985 932BC Solomon. 19.Ilyas ? 9 BC ca. Elijah. 20.Al-Yas' ? 9 BC Ca. Elisha. 21.Yunus ? 8 BC Ca. Jonas. 22.Zakariah 120 100BC 2OAC Father of Yahyah. 23. Yahya 30 1BC 3OAC John the Baptist. 24.Isa(M) 33 1 33AC Jesus. 25.Muhammad(M) 63 571 632AC The Final Messenger.(M)= a messenger as well as a prophet of Allah Ta'ala; i.e. one who came with a new message, a revelation that confirmed the earlier revelations, but which contained new elements appropriate for its time.
Apostate. Plural: Murtadeen.
People who become apostates, i.e. people who become unbelievers after having believed.Back To list ]
Moses. One of the greatest prophets and messengers of Islam. See Mursaleen.
A place for praying that is not a Masjid.
A copy of the Quran.
It means consultation.
A person who commits Shirk. See Shirk. Plural: Mushrikeen.
Idol-worshippers. People who associate partners with Allah Ta'ala, such as the Christians, who have raised the Prophet Isa (Jesus, Son of Mary), peace be on them, to the level of Allah. Allah Ta'ala may forgive any sin which man or Jinn may commit, except for dying in a state of Shirk. Singular: Mushrik. See Shirk.
Literally means "submission of will", i.e. to the will of Allah the Almighty. A Muslim is someone who follows the way of Islam, not abandoning what is Fard, keeping within the Hudood of Allah, and following the Sunnah, in what he or she is able. A Muslim is by definition one who is safe and sound, at peace in this world, and promised the Garden in the next world.
One who is considered weak, and therefore is treated in a disrespectful manner. See Holy Qur'an, An-Nisaa (4):75.
[Other Commonly Used Spellings: MUSTADAFIN ] Weak and oppressed persons. Plural of Mustad'af
One who is considered weak, and therefore is treated in a disrespectful manner. See Holy Qur'an, An-Nisaa (4):75.
Recommended, but not obligatory'. See Arkan.
A temporary marriage. This was permitted in the early period of Islamic history, when the first Muslims were away from their homes for extensive periods of time; but was abrogated by the Holy Prophet Muhammad himself, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, at Khaibar, as is related by Ali ibn Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with him, in Sahih Muslim and Sahih Bukhari.
Smashed into pieces. Destroyed. See Holy Qur' an, Al-A'raf (7):139.
"The People who deal in Fraud". Surah 83 of the Holy Qur'an. See Holy Qur' an, Al-Mutafifeen (83):1-6.
The fragrant air of Jannah (Paradise).
A site between 'Arafat and Mina where the Hujjaj (pilgrims) spend the night of the 9th of Dhu'l-Hijjah (after coming down from 'Arafat). See Hajj.
"The Enshrouded One". Surah 73 of the Holy Qur'an.