The emphasis in language education in the 21st century is no longer on restricted rules, regulations, memorization and habitual routine, but rather using language and cultural knowledge as a means to communicate, connect, and exchange information with others around the world. The existence of technology in the midst of the arena eliminates geographical and physical boundaries as the faculty and students learn to reach out to the world around them using the language they have mastered and acquired. This scenario is truly happening among the proponents of Arabic language and its literature. Using language to communicate means being able to use language resourcefully to exchange meaning. A knowledge of the culture is essentially fundamental to being able to communicate efficiently and provide a basis for understanding in which the speakers would be able to establish shared meaning, exchange shared concepts, and ways of seeing the world. The repercussion of disseminating Arabic language in countries (Arab and non-Arab) reflects from various perspectives among others; communicative, cultural, linguistics, cognitive and religious. Language proficiency extends learners’ capability to communicate and establish connection with others. Language also enables learners to engage with people of diverse cultures in ways that appreciate similarities and recognize differences. Knowledge of language develops an understanding of how the structural and functional elements applied to create meaning. Language also extends an individual’s capacity to think and to use knowledge in interactive manner while communicating with others. Additionally the most prevalent purpose of mastering Arabic is to understand the beauty of the holy Quran and other religious scripture both literally and functionally. These are to mention but a few challenges echo from the linguistic and literary studies of Arabic in the 21st century.
1. To approach linguistics and literature studies through the recent available framework.
2. To harmonize the various trends both traditional and modern in the study of language and literature.
3. To promote research on the contributions of linguistics and literature towards mutual cultural understanding.
4. To identify the endless possibilities of recent technologies in the study of language and literature.