Vol 2 Issue 1

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Editorial & Table of Content

Clients’ Perspectives of Factors Affecting Construction Contractors’ Bid/No-Bid Decisions

Adnan Enshassi, Sherif Mohamed and Ala’a El Karriri


Procurement is considered one on the most important stages in the project life cycle of construction projects. During this stage, contractors’ decisions to bid or not to bid are influenced by several factors, some of which are critical in affecting the decision. Seventy eight factors were identified and evaluated in this research study to investigate the most critical factors affecting contractors’ decisions to bid or not in the Gaza Strip construction projects. Forty clients were targeted in a postal questionnaire approach to investigate their perceptions of the critical factors affecting contractors’ decision to bid or nor. The study findings, reported in this paper, indicate that external environment factors comprise the most critical factors affecting contractors’ bid/no-bid decisions. This could be as a result of the high margin of risk associated with the dynamic construction industry in Palestine. The results illustrated that the most critical factors affecting the contractors’ bid/no-bid decisions were: the availability of the required raw materials in local markets, stability of political situations, the financial capability of the contractors, the financial capability of the clients, and the due date of the payments. It is expected that the findings of this study are important to the continued development and improvement in the area of bidding behavior and bid decision.

What is Fair? Perceptions of Justice

Richard Fellows, Anita M.M. Liu and Shuibo Zhang


What people perceive to be fair and just is a primary determinant of their behaviour, both individually and as members of groups and organisations. Whilst legal systems operate on the basis of justice, those bases vary between societies; in English law, the doctrine of equity has evolved to endeavor to overcome imbalances of power and influence which other sectors of law could not address adequately. Likewise, social institutions operate to enhance fair practices as perceived in the society. This paper reviews theory and literature regarding perceptions, underpinnings and manifestations of fairness and perceived in Western and Chinese contexts. Awareness of those constructs in important for international construction, given the notorious incidence of conflicts in the industry and the ever-extending multi-cultural operation of projects. Conclusions relate to important differences between the individual orientation of Western societies and the collective orientation in China. That situation impacts on peoples’ beliefs of which distributional criterion is fair and appropriate is apparent in both Western and Chinese contexts.


Causes of Delay in Construction Industry in Iran

Mehran Kouchaknezhad, Abang Abdullah Abang Ali and Mohammad Razali Abdul Kadir


The problem of delays in the construction industry is a global issue and affects construction projects in Iran. This paper presents the results of a study undertaken to determine and evaluate the importance of the factors causing delays in construction projects in Iran. The survey covered 90 selected delay factors in a questionnaire, which were grouped into four major categories: owner related, consultant related, contractor related, and external related. The main reasons for delays were analyzed and ranked according to the different categories and different analyses. This study identified ten most important causes of delays from a list of 90 different causes of delay. Ten most important causes were: finance and payments, slow permits issued by authorities, price escalation, incomplete drawing, contractor’s financial difficulties, poor economic conditions, slow response, deficiencies in planning and scheduling, delay in delivery of materials to site, and slowness in making decisions and supervision. The ten factors were the main causes of delay in large construction projects in Iran, and could provide a basis for strategies to minimize delays in construction project.

Organizational Culture and Health & Safety in Relation to Service Marketing in Construction Firms

Hedley Smyth, Aeli Roberts and John Kelsey


Marketing aligns products and services to market demand. Service alignment is dependent upon organizational culture. This has received scant attention. This research considers organizational culture and service marketing. Health and safety (H&S) is focused upon to explore how one critical service area is addressed in business development and marketing. Organizational cultures are addressed through Douglas’ cultural theory model, and at two levels: paradigm and the service-dominant logic. The conceptual analysis is supported by empirical analysis of organizational culture snapshots and H&S as a service provided by five major contractors. Organizations have heterogeneous organizational cultures. Marketing is dislocated, showing features of isolation. Different marketing paradigms align with different organizational cultures. Scant connection between marketing and H&S is found regardless of organizational culture. In all cases a service-dominant logic was absent. H&S is treated as a matter of conformance against regulations and industry norms, not being pursued as a service for competitive advantage. This is significant as main contractors are primarily service providers. Although service development is significant to induce satisfied clients, contractors remain task-orientated and immature when compared against the service-dominant logic. The analytical linkage between marketing, culture and H&S makes an original contribution to knowledge.

Book Review: Asset Management – Whole Life Management of Physical Assets

Edited by Chris Lloyd
Published by Thomas Telford (2010)

Christopher Nigel Preece and Muhammad Fitri

Construction businesses involved with the design, planning, construction and maintenance of built facilities and infrastructure projects have increasingly been developing sustainable asset management strategies, processes and procedure. Owners and client of construction and engineering projects in the public and private sectors have recognized the need to take a whole-life view of their assets.



Notes for Contributors