Vol 3, Issue 1

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Editorial and Table of Content

Using Monte Carlo Simulation Model For Building Cost Planning Example From Sri Lanka

Zainudeen, M. N., Nilupa Udawatta and De Silva, K.M.


This is an era of competition. Due to this competitiveness the construction industry has been undergoing remarkable changes during the recent past. Changescoupled with technological advances and material developments have led to increasing client’s demands within limited budgets. Constituting major savings, reliable cost estimation processes are increasingly gaining importance in this highly competitive market. Due to that cost planning can be considered as a key tool that aids this process. By identifying common elements of a building, quicker and more economic evaluations can be made with the cost plan. With the advancements of information technology, several new cost modeling methods are introduced by several researchers. In this research, a Monte Carlo simulation model is developed for cost planning of building projects. To develop this model, detailed case studies were carried out on eighteen luxury apartment complex projects in order to extract the cost details. Documentary survey and semi-structured interviews were chosen to find the particulars of the projects and to identify the current Sri Lankan practice of cost planning. The findings revealed that superstructure was the most cost significant element and accordingly, a probability distribution was established for each building element to develop a simulation model for cost planning of buildings. First, it is given as a cumulative frequency curve and, secondly as a histogram. These would help clients to get an indication of likely cost in early stages of the design and the design team, in cost planning and ensuring better cost control.

Institutional Framework For Quantity Surveyors' Educational Training: Nigerian Perspective

Joshua O. D. and Jagboro, G.O.


There have been calls for a richer conception of career which enable quantity surveyors to navigate the complex information and cultural landscape of a globalised world. Consequently, there is need for quantity surveying educational training programmes to respond to the challenges and ever-changing needs of the profession and the society. In this research, a conceptual framework, with emphasis on admission requirements, requirements for award of degrees and curriculum for quantity surveying, is proposed towards the educational training and career development in quantity surveying. The research employed the use of a Delphi survey, conducted on a panel of experts, to explore the various issues germane to quantity surveying educational training requirements. The findings, which confirm the validity of the framework, demonstrate the suitability and potential usefulness of this framework for developing an education training agenda for the profession in Nigeria. The framework could, therefore, form the basis for admission requirements, requirements for award of degrees and curriculum development for quantity surveying degrees awarding institutions.


Trend Of Adopting Information Technology By Quantity Surveying In Australia

Eric Chan


This study investigates the recent trend of using information technology (IT) systems by quantity surveying (QS) profession in Australia. The study was conducted through a structured survey, which has been distributed to 35 QS organizations throughout the country. The survey concludes that although IT packages had been used in the QS profession in Australia for over ten years, they were predominantly used for basic individual QS tasks rather than a streamline automated process for QS services. The majority of participants strongly agreed and agreed that the utilization of IT packages to complete QS tasks improve quality, time and cost, but it seems that most quantity surveyors have not taken full advantage of the tools, such as electronic measuring, that certain IT packages such as Buildsoft, CostX and BIM can offer. It shows that there is still a traditional technique mindset within the QS profession and a reluctance to embrace the full capabilities on advanced technologies. A failure to change, re-engineer their processes and adapt to new technologies will see certain QS organizations left behind, allowing other sectors of the construction industry to provide the services that would normally be provided by the quantity surveyors. This survey contributes to the existing research available by not only improving the understanding of the use of IT within the QS profession but also providing some useful information on the state of IT for current practices of QS organizations.


Sharina Farihah Hasan, Preece, C. N., Khairuddin Abdul Rashid and Padfield, R.

This paper focuses on how collaboration in research is a key to more effective personal postdoctoral strategies for new and inexperienced construction academics and can help to ensure the development of more research focused university cultures. It also identifies an 11 point plan for new and inexperienced academics which will have benefits for both the individual researcher and the institution. The methodology includes literature search and a case-study; MoU between Kyoto University and International Islamic University Malaysia. The case study is an example of successful research collaboration that leads towards postdoctoral training. A model is proposed to serve as a basis for future collaboration.

Joint Ventures And The Bumiputera Contractors' Dilemma

Khairuddin Abdul Rashid and Mazni Sahabudin


Malaysia endeavours to uplift the economic well-being and status of the Bumiputeras so that the Bumiputeras are eventually on par with the other races. The Bumiputeras, in contrast to the other races, are in general economically and financially backwards. In the context of the construction sector there is a policy that stipulates 30 per cent of the total value of all public works must be allocated to ‘Bumiputera status’ contractors. Under this policy Bumiputera status contractors that won bids for public projects must construct and complete the projects themselves. They are forbidden to sub-let the works to others. However, a study by the Works Ministry in 2007 revealed that 85.37% of contracts awarded to Bumiputera status contractors were given out or ‘leaked’ to non-Bumiputeras. This paper reports on a study to ascertain (i) the causes of or motivation leading to the Bumiputera status contractors leaking or giving away contracts to others; (ii) the extent of the leakages, etc; and (iii) to identify appropriate strategies to combat the problem. The result from the study is consistent with the findings of the study by the Works Ministry i.e. leakages of Bumiputera status contracts exist. In addition, the results identified the key motivation for the practice that includes financial constraints, and constraints in securing key construction materials, plant and equipment. Furthermore, the results identified the extent of the leakages and appropriate strategies in effort to combat the problem. The findings suggest that the Bumiputera status contractors are still in need of Governmental assistance but the Government policy reforms suggest that the time has come for the Bumiputeras to be relieved of the special assistance. This scenario places the Bumiputera status contractors in a dilemma hence, the Bumiputera contractors’ dilemma.

Notes for Contributors