The Department of Radiology is primarily involved in the teaching of the undergraduate programme through a 2 weeks posting from 10 weeks of specialized posting in phase III (Year 4) of the medical programme. Apart from that, a few basic aspects of radiological imaging are also taught in Year 2 and Year 3, and clinical-radiological correlation in Year 5 of the of the medical programme. We are also involved with teaching of the undergraduate students from Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences (Bachelor of Radiography and Diagnostic Imaging). As we are expanding, we will be starting a new programme which is Masters of Medicine (Radiology), and it is expected to commence in June 2015.

Our aim is to inculcate an adequate knowledge and understanding of basic radiological principles, different types of radiological modalities and important imaging findings with regards to common medical problems.

Department Publication Activities



Radiological Anatomy of Hepatobiliary
Radiological Anatomy of the Musculoskeletal System
Radiological Anatomy of the Central Nervous System Imaging
Radiological Anatomy of Gastrointestinal tract system

Year 3
Introduction to Radiological Imaging

Year 4
Radiology posting in Year 4 is part of the 10 weeks specialized postings. The students are regrouped into 9 or
11 for the two weeks posting. Within the two weeks, the students will be posted in all the examination rooms
in the department. The importance of radiology or imaging studies which is mainly to complement their clinical
examination and history taking is emphasized. However the students are not expected to know the details of
the examinations performed. Only certain commonly performed examinations need to be known in detail by
students. After completion of two weeks, the objectives to be achieved by the students are as follows:
• To acquire knowledge and understanding of basic radiological principles, techniques and
• To understand how a basic radiological examination and film processing is carried out.
• To learn and understand how various procedures in radiology are carried out.
• To understand the role of the doctor where radiological investigations or procedures are concerned.
• To understand the reasons and indications for various radiological examinations and procedures 

• To be able to recognize and interpret basic and common radiological abnormalities as well as
emergency cases.
• To understand the rationale in preparing patients for various radiological examinations such as
IVU (intravenous urography), contrast studies, ultrasound and CT scan.
• To understand and be aware of complications that may arise from the various procedures in
• To know about contrast agents and other drugs frequently used in radiology.
•To provide a stimulus for those who would later wish to specialize in the field of radiology.
In the academic year, there are 3 groups of students doing rotations of every 10 weeks. For each group,
there are 5 subgroups doing a rotation of 2 weeks each. Teachings were done in several methods.

Method of Teaching and Learning
1) Lectures:
There are 4 lectures for every 10 weeks of posting. The topics are:
 Ionizing Radiation for medical use
 Principle of X ray diagnosis
 Contrast agents used in Radiology
 Radiation Hazards and Protection.
2) Seminar / group presentations.
The seminar topic is “Patient’s Preparation for Radiological Procedure”. A group of students will
prepare and presents the above topic to the whole group of the specialised posting rotation. Following
the presentation the students will discuss and clarify areas they don’t understand or not clear with guidance
by the radiologist.
3) Tutorials / film viewing sessions.

The tutorials or film viewing sessions are held during the 2 weeks rotation in the Radiology

Department in the hospital i.e. Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan or IIUM Breast Centre or IIUM Medical Centre.

There are about 3-4 sessions per week, and about 2 hours for each session. During the sessions, the students
will be shown radiological films or images from various imaging modalities and the students will be asked to
identify normal and abnormal structures depending on organ systems. They are encouraged to identify and
describe the findings of the radiographs and come out with several radiological differential diagnoses.

Methods of assessment
i. Continuous assessment for
Log Book
 Satisfactory log book marks

ii. Attitude

 Participation during tutorials / film viewing session
 Attitude towards the patients, among peers as well as with the staff in the radiology department.
 Satisfactory attendance
ii. End of Posting Test
By the end of the 2 weeks posting, a mini test which consists of 10 films is given to the students to
answer the questions. Forty percent (40%) from this mark will be included in the clinical marks for the

End of Block Examinations.
iii. End of Block Examination.
The exam is divided into 3 parts which consist of: -
 MCQs/ OBA/EMQ (Multiple Choice Questions/One Best Answer/Extended Matching Question)
 PMP (Patient Management Problem)
 OSCEs (On Spot Clinical Exam) 

During the 2 weeks radiology postings, students are required to observe and understand why various imaging modalities are performed and are encouraged to assist in the radiological procedures. 

They are posted to different rooms during the 2 weeks duration so that they will have adequate exposure to all the imaging modalities performed. This is also the time where the students will learn the importance of proper patient preparation before undergoing certain radiological investigations or procedures, apprecia te certain
drugs and contrast agents that are being used and complications that may arise.

Each student is required to complete a log book prepared by the department to guide and ensure that they
have performed the activities in the department. 

Year 5
Clinical Pathological Correlation ( Medical and Surgical Posting)