### Course Descriptions (ME)

# Course Descriptions (ME)

**MEC 1391 Statics (3 c.h.)**

General principles of statics, force vectors, equilibrium, analysis of trusses, frames and machines, forces and moments, friction, centroids and moment of inertia.

**MEC 1392 Dynamics (3 c.h.)**

Kinematics of particles and rigid bodies, kinetics of particles and rigid bodies, Newton’s laws of motion, equations of motion, work and energy methods, impulse and momentum.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 1391)*

**MEC 2601 Thermodynamics (3 c.h.)**

Basic concepts of thermodynamics, properties of pure substances, first and second law of thermodynamics, entropy, power and refrigeration cycles, thermodynamic relations for simple compressible substances, non-reacting ideal gas mixtures and psychometrics, reacting mixtures and combustion, chemical and phase equilibrium.

*(Pre-requisites: MTH 1212)*

**MEC 2610 Automotive Engineering Lab I (1 c.h.)**

Microstructure examination, heat treatment, hardness test, Experimental study of heat capacity of gases, the heat pump, study of thermal and electrical conductivity of metals, the stirling engine, thermal conduction and insulation, solar ray collector, MATLAB and MS-EXCEL exercises.

*(Co-requisites: MEC 2601, MME 2503)*

**MEC 2621 Introduction to Automotive Engineering (2 c.h.)**

Historical background of automotives. Introduction to automotive engines and its construction. Engine systems: fuel and exhaust systems, carbureted fuel system, engine lubricating systems, and cooling system. Automotive drive trains: clutch, manual transmission systems and transaxles, differentials, drive axles, two wheel-four wheel drive, transfer case, automotive transmissions and transaxle. Automotive chassis system: suspension, steering, and brakes.

**MEC 2630 Automotive Engineering Lab II (1 c.h.)**

Volumetric flow rate measurement, fan test, Bernoulli’s experiments, friction loses in straight pipes, friction loses in pipes consisting of bends and elbow, Reynolds experiment, and pumps in series and parallel. Tensile test, compression test, three point bending test, deflection test, impact test.

*(Co-requisites: MEC 2910, MEC 2915)*

**MEC 2700 Aerospace Engineering Lab I (1 c.h.)**

Experimental study of different modes of heat transfer, experiments in fluid mechanics related to conservation of mass, momentum as well as experiments in flow visualization and fluid machinery.

*(Co-requisite: MEC 2705, MEC 2910)*

**MEC 2701 Aerospace Engineering Lab II (1 c.h.)**

Tensile test, compression test, three point bending test, deflection test, impact test, fatigue test, microstructure examination, heat treatment, hardness test, conventional machine tool operations, forming operations, joining operations.

*(Pre-requisite: MME 2503, Co-requisite: MEC 2915, MME 2301)*

**MEC 2705 Thermal Sciences (3 c.h.)**

Basic concepts of thermodynamics, properties of pure substances, first and second law of thermodynamics, entropy, power and refrigeration cycles, principles of steady and unsteady heat conduction, natural and forced convection, radiation phenomena, heat exchangers, applications to manufacturing processes and mechatronics systems.

**MEC 2710 Principles of Flight (3 c.h.)**

History of aeronautics, fluid properties, aerodynamic forces, anatomy of flying vehicles, standard atmosphere, airfoils, wings and aerodynamic shapes, stability, propulsion, astronautics, flight vehicle structures, aircraft systems, equations of motion of aircraft, airplane performance during steady ( thrust required and available, power required and available, rate of climb, range, endurance) and accelerated flight( level turn, maneuvers, V-n diagram, energy concept, take-off and landing performance).

*(Pre-requisites: MEC 2910)*

**MEC 2910 Fluid Mechanics (3 c.h.)**

Fluid properties, fluid statics, fluid in motion, pressure variation in flowing fluids, momentum and energy principles, dimensional analysis and similitude, flow in conduits, flow measurements.

*(Co-requisite: MEC 2705, MTH 2311)*

**MEC 2915 Mechanics of Materials (3 c.h.)**

Introduction to stress and strain, mechanical properties of materials, axial, bending, torsion and combined loading of structures, shear force and bending moment in beams, shear stresses, thin-walled pressure cylinders, stress transformation. Mohr’s circle, principal stresses, buckling of columns.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 1391)*

**MEC 2920 Thermofluid Engineering 3 c.h.)**

Thermodynamic properties of substances, work and heat; closed and open systems; first and second law of thermodynamics; analysis of gas and vapour power cycles. Fluids at rest; dynamics of fluid flow; Euler, Bernoulli and energy equations; measurement of fluid flow; flow in pipes; introduction to turbo-machinery. Basic modes and laws of heat transfer

*(Pre-requisites: MTH 1212)*

**MEC 3603 Structural Dynamics (3 c.h.)**

Kinematics and kinetics of rigid bodies in two dimensions, Kinematics of rigid bodies in three dimensions. Free and forced vibration one and multi-degree of freedom system. Design for vibration suppression.

*(Pre-requisites: MEC 1392, MTH 2311)*

**MEC 3605 Machine Design (3 c.h.)**

Machine design, design principles, factor of safety , design of machine members, keys and splines, ropes, belts, chain drives, design of attachments, rivets, bolts, nuts, couplings, welded joints, design of fatigue strength, Review to failure theories, design of bearings, design of spur and helical gears.

*(Pre-requisites: MEC 2915)*

**MEC 3609 Heat Transfer (3 c.h.)**

Basic modes and laws of heat transfer. Conduction: Steady-state one- dimensional heat transfer. Steady state multi-dimensional conduction and numerical methods. Transient heat transfer. Convection: Heat transfer correlations for forced convections. Heat transfer correlations for natural convections. Condensation and boiling heat transfer. Heat Exchangers: Types of heat exchangers, log-mean temperature difference, effectiveness-NTU method. Radiation: Physical mechanism, radiation properties, view factor, radiation exchange, radiation shields.

*(Pre-requisites: MEC 2910, MEC 2601)*

**MEC 3610 Automotive Engineering Lab III (1 c.h.)**

Experimental study of different mode of heat transfer including heat exchangers and boiling heat transfer. Experimental study of natural frequencies, damping coefficients and torsional vibration.

*(Co-requisites: MEC 3609, MEC 3603)*

**MEC 3621 Internal Combustion Engines (3 c.h.)**

Thermodynamic of engine cycles. Spark ignition and Compression ignition engines. Principles of power generation. Fuels, fuel systems, combustion and combustion problems. Combustion chamber design and engine performance. Induction and exhaust systems design. Supercharging and turbo-charging. Pollutant formation and emission control system.

*(Pre-requisites: MEC 2601, MEC 2621)*

**MEC 3623 Powertrain Systems (3 c.h.)**

Powertrain systems definitions. Configurations of drive. Hydraulic Systems. Clutches. Manual Transmission. Automatic transmission. Continuously variable Transmission (CVT). Propeller and Drive Shafts. Universal Joint. Differential. Axles.

*(Pre-requisites: MEC 3605)*

**MEC 3630 Automotive Engineering Lab IV (1 c.h.)**

Experimental study of spark ignition and diesel engines including power, efficiency, cycle analysis, fuel systems and emissions, investigation of air-fuel ratio and stoichiometric condition in oil burner and gas burner.

*(Co-requisites: MEC 3621, MEC 3825)*

**MEC 3703 Aerodynamics I (3 c.h.)**

Aerodynamic forces and moments, Drag of a two-dimensional body, circulation, governing equation for irrotational inviscid flows, boundary conditions, Elementary flows, invscid and real flows over a circular cylinder, Kutta-Jukowski theorem, Vortex sheet, Kutta condition, Kelvin’s theorem, thin airfoil theory for symmetric and cambered airfoils, high-lift devices. Equations of compressible flow. Isentropic flows, normal and oblique shock waves. Prandtl-Meyer flow, Variable area flow, Fanno line flow, Flow with heat addition or removal.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 2710)*

**MEC 3707 Aerodynamics II (3 c.h.)**

Finite wing theory, wings in compressible flow, viscous flow and boundary layer, aerodynamics design considerations, introduction to Navier Stokes solutions.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 3703)*

**MEC 3710 Aircraft Structures I (3 c.h.)**

Basic elasticity, equations of equilibrium, failure theories, energy principles of structural theory, analysis of determinate and indeterminate structures, deflections of beams and frame, introduction to theory of plat, stability of structural elements, flight imposed loads basic flight load condition, flight vehicle aerodynamic loads, flight vehicle inertia loads, gust and acceleration load factors, loads on aircraft landing gear.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 2915)*

**MEC 3711 Aircraft Structures II (3 c.h.)**

Description of aircraft structures and materials, principles of stressed skin construction, bending, shear and torsion of open and closed thin walled beams, shear centre, warping, structural idealization, analysis of semi-monocoque structures, stress analysis of aircraft components, fuselage and wings under bending, shear and torsion, fuselage frames and wing rib, joints and fittings, elementary aeroelasticity.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 3710)*

**MEC 3723 Aerospace Dynamics (3 c.h.)**

Kinematics and kinetics of rigid bodies in two dimensions, Gyroscopic motion, Euler equations, Free and forced vibration one and multi-degree of freedom system.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 1392)*

**MEC 3725 Aerospace Engineering Lab III (1 c.h.)**

Deflection of beam, shear centre of open sections, unsymmetrical bending of beams, buckling of column (Southwell’s plot), experimental stress analysis by photoelasticity, experimental stress analysis using strain gauges, Wagners beam (tension field beams), Open-loop and Closed-loop system, Matlab and simulink to design feedback control system, Automatic control system design, Step and frequency response measurement, Stability of system; Proportional, Integral and derivative controller.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 3710, Co-requisites: MEC 3825)*

**MEC 3730 Experimental Aerodynamics (1 c.h.)**

Introduction to measurements, wind tunnel testing, wind tunnel types, similarity, scale effects, calibration method, flow around airfoil and circular cylinder, pressure measurements, force measurements, flow visualization, constant temperature anemometer, nozzle flows.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 3766, Co-requisite: MEC 3707)*

**MEC 3740 Aerospace Propulsion (3 c.h.)**

Introduction to propulsion, basic thrust operations, air breathing system, propellers, fans, rotors, propulsion thermodynamics, cycles, gas turbines, compressors, nozzles, turbojet, turbofan, ramjet, scramjet and rocket engines, propellants and environmental impact.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 3703)*

**MEC 3766 Instrumentation and Avionics (2 c.h.)**

Errors, DC and AC bridges, sensors and transducers, electronic instruments, Terrestrial en route radio navigation, terrestrial landing aids, satellite navigation, surveillance systems, airborne and onboard communication, indicators and air data, autopilots.

*(Pre-requisite: ECE 1312)*

**MEC 3825 Control Systems (3 c.h.)**

Mathematical modeling of dynamic systems. Open and closed loop systems. State variable description of linear systems. Transient response and steady state error analysis. Root-locus analysis and design. Frequency response analysis of linear systems. Bode and Nyquist diagrams. Design and implementation of control systems for automotive and aerospace applications.

*(Pre-requisite: MTH 2311, MEC1392)*

**MEC 3890 Seminar (1 c.h.)**

Weekly presentation on timely engineering topics and how to deliver good presentation and report writing by invited speakers, professional bodies and local lecturers. This is followed by presentations given by the students on their findings from literature surveys of selected engineering–related topics supervised by academic staff of Department of Mechanical Engineering. Attendance is compulsory.

*(Pre-requisites: Third year standing)*

**MEC 4100 Integrated Design Project (3 c.h.)**

Integrated design project (IDP) provide students with in-depth knowledge and skills on project management and significant experience in developing, designing, prototyping, proving and verifying their design. Each integrated design project is executed by a group of three or more students. A faculty advisor will be assigned to each design project to supervise and guide the project throughout its duration. The lecture component provides students with specific knowledge and skills on design and project management whereas the laboratory component allows students to design, prove and verify the prototypes of their design. In this course, students will carry out the detailed engineering design and implementation of the prototype.

**MEC 4607 Kinematics And Dynamics Of Machinery (3 c.h.)**

Kinematics analysis of machinery, Dynamic analysis of machinery, cams, displacement diagrams for cam mechanisms, involutometry, fundamental law of gearing, nonstandard spur gears, gear trains, gyroscopes and governors, static and dynamic balancing of machinery, flywheel analysis, engine firing order, introduction to synthesis of mechanisms.

*(Pre-requisites: MEC 3603)*

**MEC 4610 Automotive Engineering Lab V (3 c.h.)**

The laboratory covers the practical aspects of using a CAD/CAM/CAE system, designing a simple component and then manufacture the component by using a CNC machine, finally performing a simple stress analysis on the component. Unsymmetrical bending, deflection, buckling, experimental stress analysis.

*(Co-requisites: MME 3609, MEC 4630)*

**MEC 4627 Vehicle Electrical And Instrumentation System (3 c.h.)**

Overview of vehicle electrical and electronic system. Vehicle electrical systems: starting system, charging system and ignition system. Electronic systems: electronic fuel control system, engine management system, traction control system (TCS) and antilock braking system (ABS) and body electronic system. Application of different types of instrumentation systems to automobiles.

*(Pre-requisites: MEC 2621, ECE 1312)*

**MEC 4630 Vehicle Structural Design and Materials Selection (4 c.h.)**

The structural design concept. Energy principles of structural theory. Deflection analysis for determinate and indeterminate structures. Torsion of non-circular shafts and thin-walled tubes. Unsymmetrical loading of beams. Shear flow in beams with thin sections. Shear centre of thin-walled beams. General discussion of automotive materials and their properties. Material selection charts. Selection for mechanical properties. Material selection without shape. Selection of Material and shape. Chassis frame Structures. General loads on vehicle. Analysis and design of automotive structures using Simple Structural Surfaces (SSS). Load and stress analysis in panels and frame members. Introduction to vehicle crashworthiness.

*(Pre-requisites: MEC 2915, MEC 3605)*

**MEC 4671 Automotives Styling Methodologies (3 c.h.)**

Automotive design/styling process and methods, its origin, the factors motivating and constraining Sketching. Packaging. Three-dimensional modeling techniques. Role of vehicle aerodynamics in styling. Styling and vehicle design. Styling and vehicle ergonomics. The process and its integration with the overall product development process. The impact of computer-aided-drafting on styling.

*(Pre-requisite: MME 1102)*

**MEC 4672 Manufacturing Technology for Automotive Structural Materials (3 c.h.)**

Introduction of advanced materials and its manufacturing processes for automotive applications. Material behavior and selection. Sheet metal forming processes. Formability of sheet metal and forming calculations. Joining processes. Forming of polymeric materials and reinforced plastics. Surface processing operations. Introduction to integrated manufacturing systems.

*(Pre-requisites: MME 2301)*

**MEC 4674 Vehicle Dynamics and Chassis Systems (3 c.h.)**

Dynamic analysis of mechanical systems. Mechanics of pneumatic tires. Rolling resistance. Tractive efforts and slip. Vehicle equation of motion. Braking performance. Handling characteristics of vehicles. Vehicle ride quality. Road surface representation. Braking systems. Suspension Systems. Steering systems.

*(Pre-requisites: MEC 3603, MEC 3605)*

**MEC 4679 Powerplant Systems (3 c.h.)**

Steam Power Plants. Steam Turbines. Internal Combustion Engines Power Plants. Gas Turbine Power Plants. Hydroelectric Power Plants. Nuclear Power Plants.

**MEC 4683 Acoustics and Noise Control (3 c.h.)**

Acoustics and noise control and its importance for automotive and aerospace industries. Sources of sound and vibration. Noise quality. Acceleration, velocity, displacement, and sound pressure & intensity. dB Scales. Sound propagation in ducts, silencers, Sound in enclosures, Acoustics barriers, acoustics absorbing materials Noise Control Noise Standards.

**MEC 4730 Flight Dynamics and Control (3 c.h.)**

Static stability and control, general equations of motion, rigid body equations, Euler’s equations of motion, unsteady equations motion, dynamic stability and aeroelastic derivatives, longitudinal and lateral motion, response of open loop control, close loop control, phugoid suppression, speed control, roll control, lateral control, and altitude control, autopilot design using classical and modern control system.

*(Pre-requisites: MEC 3825, MEC 3723)*

**MEC 4745 Space Mechanics (2 c.h.)**

The course introduces the two-body problem. Keplerian orbits and their perturbations are developed. Orbit design is also discussed. Planet positions and their coordinate transformation are covered. The typical orbit maneuvers and maintenance are focused as well.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 2710)*

**MEC 4755 Spacecraft Dynamics and Control (2 c.h.)**

The course reviews the equation of spacecraft motion and spacecraft control, spacecraft attitude actuators and the attitude control architectures will be discussed together with the attitude actuators/sensors, modeling of the attitude actuators will be also focused.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 3825, MEC 4745)*

**MEC 4760 Aerospace Engineering Lab IV (1 c.h.)**

Introduction to instrumentation, attitude determination using gyroscopes, magnetic field measurements using magnetometers, magnetotorque actuators, flywheels as actuators, microaccelerometers, attitude control of satellites, jet turbine experiments on airflow rate, thrust, specific fuel consumption and characteristics, ramjet demonstration, performance analysis and combustion characteristics.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 3740, Co-requisite : MEC 4755)*

**MEC 4761 Rotorcraft Aerodynamics (3 c.h.)**

History of helicopter flight, fundamental of rotor aerodynamics, momentum theory, blade element theory, rotating blade motion, helicopter performance, conceptual design of helicopter, rotor airfoil aerodynamics, dynamic stall, rotor wakes and tip vortices, helicopter noise and noise reduction techniques.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 3707)*

**MEC 4762 Special Topics in Aerospace Engineering I (3 c.h.)**

**MEC 4764 Aeroelasticity (3 c.h.)**

Beam theory, shear center, elastic axis, elementary aerodynamic, harmonic motion, torsional oscillation, coupled torsional-flexure oscillation, aeroelastic oscillation; flow around a circular cylinder, aeroelastic instability, divergence pf lifting surface, reversal aileron control, flutter phenomenon, flutter analysis, response to gust rigid airplane.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 3707, MEC 3711)*

**MEC 4767 Aerospace Materials and Manufacturing Process (3 c.h.)**

Materials in aircraft design. Material behavior and selection: Metal Alloys, Ceramics, Polymers, Composites. Selection for mechanical properties. Manufacturing processes common to the aerospace industry**.**

**MEC 4769 Launch Vehicle Technology (3 c.h.)**

Classification, Nozzle theory and thermodynamic relations, heat transfer, flight performance, liquid propellant rocket engine system and components, solid propellant rocket engine system and components, thrust vector control, selection of rocket propulsion systems, rocket testing.

(*Pre-requisite: MEC 3740)*

**MEC 4770 Airframe Design (3 c.h.)**

Design phases, aircraft loads and materials, buckling and stability, cutouts, fasteners and structural joints, structural design of wing, empennage, fuselage, landing gear and engine mounts, damage tolerant design, safe life and fail safe design.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 3711)*

**MEC 4771 Special Topics in Aerospace Engineering II (3 c.h.)**

**MEC 4772 Advanced Aerodynamics (3 c.h.)**

Properties of hypersonic flow, hypersonic shock and expansion-wave relations, local surface inclination methods, approximate/exact methods for hypersonic inviscid flow fields, viscous flow, boundary layers, aerodynamic heating, hypersonic viscous interactions, computational methods, hypersonic propulsion and vehicle design.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 3707)*

**MEC 4774 Airworthiness (3 c.h.)**

Flight safety, airworthiness, ICAO and civil aviation authorities, airworthiness requirements, type certification, type certification process, production of product, parts and appliances, certificates of airworthiness, flight operation-continued airworthiness.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 3707, MEC 3711, MEC 3766)*

**MEC 4776 Spacecraft Systems Engineering (3 c.h.)**

The course reviews the equation of spacecraft motion and spacecraft control, spacecraft attitude actuators and the attitude control architectures will be discussed together with the attitude actuators/sensors, modeling of the attitude actuators will be also focused.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 4755)*

**MEC 4789 Aerospace Vehicle Design (3 c.h.)**

Preliminary estimate of take-off weight, wing loading, main wing design, fuselage design, horizontal and vertical tail design, engine selection, takeoff and landing, enhanced lift design, structure and material, static stability and control, cost estimate, case study, introduction spacecraft design.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 3707, MEC 4730)*

**MEC 4861 Composite Structures (3 c.h.)**

Fiber, matrix, composite materials, mechanical properties, macro-mechanical and micro-mechanical properties, fabrication methods, failure theories, laminate structure and lamination theory.

**MEC 4862 Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics (3 c.h.)**

Introduction and basics of theory of elasticity, Cleavage, Stress concentration and stress intensity, Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics, Evaluation of stress intensity factor, Crack tip plasticity, Crack growth, Crack growth instability analysis, The crack tip opening displacement. Fatigue, Review of Fatigue life of unnotched specimens at constant amplitude, S-N curve, Fatigue life of notched specimens, Environmental cracking and corrosion fatigue, Introduction to Elasto-Plastic Fracture Mechanics.

**MEC 4863 Computational Fluid Dynamics (3 c.h.)**

Partial differential equations, initial and boundary conditions, Taylor series, finite difference equations, finite difference approximation, explicit method, implicit method, stability analysis, structured grid generation, applications.

**MEC 4864 Finite Element Analysis (3 c.h.)**

Revision of matrix algebra, Introduction to formulating system equations for solid mechanics, heat transfer and fluid mechanics, Introduction to various elements, concept of shape functions, properties and usages of linear, quadratic and cubic shape functions, detailed training on commercial FEA code to solve problems from various disciplines.

**MEC 4865 Computer Aided Engineering (3 c.h.)**

CAE Exercises using commercial engineering packages (CATIA, ANSYS, Fluent, Star CD) – emphasis on self-teaching.

**MEC 4866 Renewable Energy (3 c.h.)**

Introduction. Review of heat transfer processes. Solar radiation. Estimation and measurements. Flat-plate collectors, concentrating collectors and evacuated-tube collectors, energy balance equations. Collector efficiencies. Photovoltaic generation. Hydro-energy. Calculation of power generated by turbines. Other application. Wind energy. Velocity Mapping. Analysis of wind turbines, dynamic matching. Wave and tidal energy. Wave motion and patterns. Devices used for power generation. Causes of tides. Tidal flow and range powers. Geothermal energy. Dry rock and hot aquifer analysis. Methods of harnessing energy. Ocean thermal energy conversion. Heat exchangers. Pumping requirements. Practical considerations. Biofuel energy. Direct combustion, pyrolysis, thermo chemical processes. Energy storage and distribution. Importance, type of storages. Distribution methods.

**MEC 4867 Nondestructive Evaluation of Structures (3 c.h.)**

General principles of nondestructive testing, liquid penetrants, magnetic particle inspection, radiography, ultrasonic, Eddy current, other NDT methods, nondestructive testing standards and specifications.

**MEC 4868 Experimental Stress Analysis (3 c.h.)**

Introduction to theory of elasticity. Photoelasticity. Theory and application of strain gages and rosettes. Brittle coatings. Moiré analysis. Holographic interferometry.

**MEC 4869 Mechanical Vibrations (3 c.h.)**

Free vibration of single degree of freedom systems. Harmonically excited vibrations. Vibration under general forcing conditions. Two degrees of freedom systems. Multi-degree of freedom systems. Determination of natural frequencies and mode shapes. Continuous systems. Vibration control. Vibration measurement and application.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 1392**)*

**MEC 4898 Project I (3 c.h.)**

Engineering project implementation, literature review, problem formulation, component design and selection, engineering simulation, design, construction, project management, project planning.

**MEC 4899 Project II (3 c.h.)**

Engineering project implementation, literature review, design, fabrication, evaluation, simulation, data analysis, operation, project management.

*(Pre-requisite: MEC 4898, EIT 4000**)*

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