Staff Details

Asadullah Shah

Asadullah Shah
Designation: Professor
KULLIYYAH OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY
IIUM Gombak Campus
Extension: 5627
Email address: asadullah@iium.edu.my

Academic Qualification

  • B.Sc in Electronic - Bachelor Degree , University of Al-Sind
  • M.Sc in Computer Technology - Masters Degree , University of Al-Sind
  • Ph.D in Multimedia Communication - Doctor of Philosophy , University of Surrey

Professional Membership

  • 2015-2017 Australian Academy of Busness Leaders (AABL)
  • 2015-2016 AABL advisory Board Member, Australan Academy of Business leader (AABL) Sydney, Australia
  • 2015-2016 University Technology Malaysia
  • 2013-2015 DSF Information
  • 2013-2014 IEEE Computer Society

Teaching Responsibilities

ANIMATION TECHNIQUE 2014/2015 2013/2014 2012/2013
CREATIVE DESIGN TECHNIQUES 2015/2016 2014/2015 2013/2014 2012/2013
DATA MANAGEMENT 2016/2017
FINAL YEAR PROJECT I 2016/2017 2014/2015 2013/2014 2012/2013
FINAL YEAR PROJECT II 2015/2016 2014/2015 2013/2014
INDUSTRIAL ATTACHMENT 2011/2012 2010/2011
INDUSTRIAL ATTACHMENT 2016/2017 2015/2016
IT SECURITY II 2012/2013 2011/2012
MOBILE COMMUNICATION 2016/2017
OPERATING SYSTEM 2012/2013
PROJECT & CHANGE MANAGEMENT 2016/2017
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY FOR IT 2015/2016 2014/2015 2013/2014 2012/2013 2011/2012
SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS 2011/2012
WEB PROGRAMMING 2011/2012
WEB PROGRAMMING FUNDAMENTAL 2012/2013 2011/2012

Research Projects

Completed

2013 - 2014
Research Methodologies: An Islamic Perspective
2012 - 2016
A novel model of routing protocol for mobile ad hoc networks based on link reliability
2012 - 2016
A Novel Feedback Technique to Detect Unsatisfiable Submodels of UML/OCL Class Diagrams for Verification of UML/OCL Models
2011 - 2012
Mobile Hajj Dictionary (Arabic, Malay and English Based)
2011 - 2011
Research Methodologies : A Practical Approach (KVC Project 2011)
2011 - 2013
RU 2011: On Adverse and Non-Uniform Traffic Patterns on H3DM Network
2011 - 2015
RU 2011: Development of Text Compression Package for Tri-Language Text

In Progress

2016 - Present
A Cloud Computing Framework for Sharing of Cloud Resources and Attacks Information Amongst Cloud Networks
2015 - Present
Re-engineering pre-marriage course learning for JAKIM: an investigation of multimedia lifelong mobile learning experience

Publications

Article

2017
Forensic analysis of offline signature using multi-layer perception and random forest. International Journal of Database Theory and Applications , 10 (1). pp.139-148.
2017
Online banking information systems acceptance: an empirical examination of system characteristics and web security. Information Systems Management , 34 (1). pp.50-64.
2017
WSN based sensing model for smart crowed movement with identification: an extended study. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology , 95 (5). pp.975-988.
2016
An optimal approximation algorithm for optimization of un-weighted minimum vertex cover problem. SINDH university Research Journal ( science series ) , 48 (4D). pp.175-182.
2016
Building CMU Sphinx language model for the Holy Quran using simplified Arabic phonemes. Egyptian Informatics Journal , 17 (3). pp.305-314.
2016
Analysis and enhancement of the denoising depth data using kinect through iterative technique. Jurnal Teknologi , 78 (9). pp.185-193.
2016
Transitional approaches for PERN migration to SDN. Information Technology Journal , 15 (4). pp.137-143.
2016
An offline signature verification technique using pixels intensity levels. International Journal of Signal Processing, Image Processing and Pattern Recognition , 9 (8). pp.205-222.
2016
Towards using CMU sphinx tools for the Holy Quran recitation verification. International Journal on Islamic Applications in Computer Science And Technology (IJASAT) , 4 (2). pp.10-15.
2016
Risk management policies of telecommunication and engineering laboratories . International Journal of Hybrid Information Technology , 9 (4). pp.281-290.
2016
Utilizing modular neural network for prediction of possible emergencies locations within point of interest of Hajj pilgrimage. Modern Applied Science , 10 (2). pp.34-51.
2016
Max degree around (MDA) algorithm: a smart and efficient approximate algorithm for Vertex cover and independent set problems. Sindh University Research Journal (Science Series) , 48 (4D). pp.17-26.
2016
Real-time hand detection by depth images: a survey. Jurnal Teknologi , 78 (2). pp.141-148.
2016
Application service delivery in the modern virtualized data center-improving reliability and scalability. Sindh University Research Journal (Science Series) , 48 (3). pp.579-584.
2016
A robust technique of brain MRI classification using color features and k-nearest neighbor algorithm. International Journal of Signal Processing, Image Processing and Pattern Recognition , 9 (10). pp.11-20.
2016
Testing desktop application: Police station information management system. International Journal of Software Engineering and Its Applications , 10 (7). pp.101-118.
2016
Measuring antecedents of customer satisfaction: an empirical analysis of telecom services in Pakistan . Sindh University Research Journal (Science Series) , 48 (2). pp.309-314.
2016
A study to investigate state of ethical Development in E-learning. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications , 7 (4). pp.284-290.
2016
HTM:a new hierarchical interconnection network for future generation parallel computers. IETE Technical Review , 33 (2). pp.93-104.
2015
Analysis of design principles and requirements for procedural rigging of bipeds and quadrupeds characters with custom manipulators for animation . International Journal of Computer Graphics & Animation , 5 (1). pp.47-67.
2015
Computational modeling of mood from sequence of emotions. Advanced Science Letters , 21 (10). pp.2997-3001.
2015
An applications development for record keeping of police stations in Pakistan . Journal of Scientifc Research and Advances , 2 (4). pp.144-150.
2015
Pervasive learning using cloud computing . Sindh University Research Journal (Science Series) , 47 (3). pp.567-570.
2015
Evaluating power efficient algorithms for efficiency and carbon emissions in cloud data centers: a review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews , 51 pp.1553-1563.
2015
Analyzing the weighted dark networks using scale-free network approach. WSEAS Transactions on Computers , 14 pp.748-759.
2015
An appraisal of off-line signature verification techniques . International Journal on Modern Education and Computer Science , 4 pp.67-75.
2015
Collaborative learning, using Facebook's page and Groups. International Journal of Computer System , 2 (2). pp.47-52.
2015
Resolving ethical dilemma in technology enhanced education through smart mobile devices . International Arab Journal of e-Technology , 4 (1). pp.25-31.
2015
Image segmentation methods and edge detection: An application to knee joint articular cartilage edge detection. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology , 71 (1). pp.87-96.
2015
Automated animation of quadrupeds using procedural programming technique. Asian Journal of Scientific Research , 8 (2). pp.165-181.
2015
A customer methodology for developing green cellular phone: a case of University Malaysia Pahang Students . Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography , 5 (3). pp.1-5.
2015
An empirical investigation of factors influencing user satisfaction with online services of mobile communication providers: study of Kuwait . Wulfenia Journal , 22 (3). pp.258-269.
2015
Mobile agent based multi-layer security framework for cloud data centers. Indian Journal of Science & Technology , 8 (12). pp.52923-1-10.
2015
Knowledge management framework using green IT to implement sustainable entrepreneur ecosystem . Applied Mathematics & Information Sciences , 9 (5). pp.2703-2714.
2015
Behaviour visualization for malicious-attacker node collusion in MANET based on probabilistic approach . American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering , 2 (3). pp.10-19.
2015
Transaction Management techniques and practices in current cloud computing environment: a survey . International Journal of Database Management Systems (IJDMS) , 7 (1). pp.41-49.
2014
Energy efficiency and environmental consideration for green data centres. International Journal of Green Economics , 8 (2). pp.144-157.
2014
Cloud computing adaptation model for universities to increase ICT proficiency. SAGE Open , 4 (3). pp.1-10.
2014
Implementation of server virualization to build energy efficient data centers. Journal of Power Technologies , 94 (2). pp.1-10.
2014
Encryption method for SCADA security enhancement. Journal of Applied Sciences pp.1-9.
2014
EloPSO: energy aware elephant swarm optimization for mobile adhoc networks . Pensee Journal , 7 (5). pp.88-103.
2014
Critical insight for MAPReduce optimization in Hadoop. International Journal of Computer Science and Control Engineering , 2 (1). pp.1-7.
2014
Power usage effectiveness metrics to measure efficiency and performance of data centers . Applied Mathematics and Information Sciences , 8 (5). pp.2207-2216.
2014
Metrics for computing performance of data center for instigating Energy Efficient Data center. Journal of Scientifc and Industrial Research , 73 pp.11-15.
2014
Node status detection and information diffusion in router network using scale-free network. Proceedings of the tenth International Network conference (INC2014) pp.95-105.
2014
Cloud computing adoption model for universities to increase ICT proficiency. SAGE Open pp.1-10.
2014
Deployment of new dynamic cryptography buffer for SCADA security enhancement . Journal of Applied Sciences pp.1-11.
2014
Encryption method for SCADA security enhancement. Journal of Applied Sciences pp.1-9.
2014
ElePSO: energy aware elephant swarm optimization for Mobile Adhoc Network. Pensee Journal , 76 (5). pp.xx-xx.
2014
Manifestation and mitigation of node misbehaviour in adhoc networks. Wulfenia Journal , 21 (3). pp.462-470.
2014
Gender and mobile payment system adoption among students of tertiary institutions in Nigeria. International journal of Computer and Information Technology , 3 (1). pp.13-20 .
2014
Contribution of cloud computing in the reduction of carbon dioxide emission . International Journal for Innovation Education and Research , 2 (8). pp.118-120.
2013
Prototyping of a situation awareness system in the maritime surveillance. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering , 53 (012007). pp.1-6.
2013
Technology based learning analysis of CBCS model at KKU - Case study of College of Computer Science King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning , 8 (3). pp.8-12.
2013
Selecting a mentor: guide for a Protégé. World Applied Sciences Journal , 24 (6). pp.732-738.
2013
Evaluating the effect of IP and IGP on the ICMP throughput of a WAN. Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Technology Research (JACSTR) , 3 (2). pp.71-82.
2013
Forward and Inverse Kinematics Seamless Matching using Jacobian. Sindh University Research Journal (Science Series) , 45 (2). pp.387-392.
2013
Evaluating the effect of using IP version and physical media on the ICMP throughput of a LAN. Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Technology Research (JACSTR) , 3 (1). pp.21-30.
2013
Measuring efficiency of tier level data centers to implement green energy efficient data centers. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research , 15 (2). pp.200-207.
2012
Virtualization implementation approach for data centers to maximize performance. Asian Journal of Scientific Research , 5 (2). pp.45-57.
2012
Information and communication technology workforce employability in Malaysia. Campus Wide Information Systems , 29 (2). pp.80-89.
2012
Improving performance of mobile ad hoc networks using efficient Tactical On Demand Distance Vector (TAODV) routing algorithm. International Journal of Innovative Computing, Information and Control , 8 (6). pp.4375-4389.
2011
Command based line following robot using RF technology. Journal of Computer Science and Technology , 1 (1). pp.25-35.
2011
Internet banking in Pakistan: finding complexities. Journal of Internet Banking and Commerce , 16 (1). pp.1-14.
2011
Frequencies determination of characters for Bahasa Melayu: results of preliminary investigation . Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences , 27 pp.233-240.
2011
Revisiting far/near infrared pyramid-based fusion types for night vision using matlab. Pakistan Journal of Engineering Technology & Science (PJETS) , 1 (1). pp.21-36.
2011
Green IT based energy efficiency model for data centers to reduce energy consumption & CO2 emissions. International Journal of Current Research and Review , 3 (10). pp.1-10.
2011
Differential image compression for telemedicine: a novel approach. Pakistan Journal of Engineering, Technology and Science , 1 (1). pp.14-20.
2011
A novel text steganography technique to Arabic language using reverse fatah . Pakistan Journal of Engineering Technology & Science (PJETS) , 1 (2). pp.106-113.
2006
Infective endocarditis in the East coast of peninsular Malaysia: a two year retrospective survey from Kuantan. JK-Practitioner , 13 (1). pp.5-8.

Book

2016
Research methodologies an Islamic perspective. IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia . ISBN 9789674183868.
2011
Research methodologies: a practical approach. IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur . ISBN 9789674180171.

Book Section

2013
Hierarchical Tori Connected Mesh Network. In: Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2013 : 13th International Conference, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, June 24-27, 2013, Proceedings, Part V . Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg , Berlin , pp.197-210. ISBN 978-3-642-39640-3 (O), 978-3-642-39639-7 (P).
2011
Control panel of an oscilloscope. In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.29-33. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Introduction to data types in Java. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.27-32. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Read data from a file. In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.137-141. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Interfaces. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.245-257. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Speech quality in lossy multiplexing. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.60-63. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Folder and directory. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.47-53. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Introduction to Java. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.15-20. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Image filtering. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.227-232. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Signals . In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.18-22. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Simulation of speech activities using Markov Model. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.47-53. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Short cut and hard drive. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.31-38. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Local block and static block. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.231-235. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Using the multimeter . In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.6-12. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Exception handling. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.215-222. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Measured temporal parameters. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.36-44. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Firmware program. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.17-22. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Exercise of array. In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.127-135. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Low bit rate speech multiplexer tools. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.31-32. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Internal structure of computer systems. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.1-8. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Inner classes. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.199-205. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Structures (struct) and files . In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.111-118. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Active high pass filter . In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.129-135. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Method overloading and overriding. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.185-190. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Pulse residual excited linear prediction. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.22-25. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Call-by-value and reference . In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.91-97. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Working with classes. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.169-175. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Low bit rate speech coding standards. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.12-14. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Comparator. In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.121-122. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Text animation. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.213-219. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Post-test and nested loops . In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.73-82. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Integrator. In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.111-114. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
User defined methods. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.147-154. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Digital multiplexing techniques. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.5-9. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Review of variables, formatting. In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.59-61. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Image and special effects. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.199-204. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Constructors. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.141-146. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Transmission bandwidth efficiency enhancement techniques. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.1-4. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Summing amplifier . In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.105-107. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Image clone 1. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.181-191. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
The for loop . In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.49-53. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Handling errors in C++. In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.249-252. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Voltage follower. In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.97-100. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Methods of string class. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.127-134. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Iterative structures . In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.39-48. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Image effects. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.165-172. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Arrays in Java. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.105-110. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
More on const keywords. In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.235-239. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Class-A amplifier . In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.87-91. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Speech quality for energy criterion in multiplexing. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.119-123. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Cascade style sheets. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.147-155. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Decision making: If-else statements and relational operators . In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.17-24. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
C++ references. In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.223-227. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Common collector transistor amplifier . In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.78-81. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Loop pitfalls and exercise. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.93-97. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Basic disk management. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.135-140. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Arithmetic expressions and data types in C++ . In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.1-3. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Speech frame sensitivity based on mean square error criterion. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.106-112. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Common emitter amplifier with fixed bias . In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.69-74. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Do-While loops. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , International Islamic University Malaysia , pp.79-83. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Function pointers. In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.213-218. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Integration of ICT in education : an Islamic perspective.. In: Advancement in E- learning . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.61-71. ISBN 978-967-418-105-5.
2011
Networking issue. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.95-101. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Logical drive. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.119-125. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Switch statement . In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.67-72. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Vector class. In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.199-202. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Using the multi-meter for Ohm's law . In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.62-64. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Task scheduling. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.107-112. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Protection mechanisms using LSB and MD5 . In: Computer applications: Theories and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.85-98. ISBN 978-967-418-107-9.
2011
Energy ad a criterion for frame discarding and multiplexing efissiency. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.89-91. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Procedure of soldering iron practice . In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.56-59. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
If-else statements . In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.55-60. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Review of arrays. In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.167-177. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
The use of genetic algorithm in improving medical image segmentation techniques . In: Computer applications: Theories and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.45-55. ISBN 978-967-418-107-9.
2011
DSI advantage capability of LFR. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.80-83. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Windows installation. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.87-98. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Bitwise operators and type casting . In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.45-50. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Bubble sort algorithm. In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.161-166. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Resistor color codes . In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.47-51. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Low bit rate speech coders. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.70-72. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Basic operating system setting. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.81-86. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Implementing DNA sequence using genetic algorithm. In: Computer applications: Theories and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.27-36. ISBN 978-967-418-107-9.
2011
Object oriented programming. In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.143-152. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Operation of an oscilloscope. In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.34-38. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Arithmetic and relational operators. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.33-38. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
The use of genetic algorithm in autonomous robot navigation . In: Computer applications: theories and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.3-13. ISBN 978-967-418-107-9.
2011
Design of a low bit rate STDM multiplexing. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.64-67. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Folder operations. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.55-63. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Compiling and executing Java code. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.21-26. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Image quality improvement. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.233-239. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Probes. In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.23-28. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Packet loss and frame substitution techniques. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.54-59. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Windows explorer. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , IIUM , pp.39-46. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Abstract class. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.237-244. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Familiarization with oscilloscope. In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.13-17. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Graphical user interfaces. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.23-30. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Throw & throws keyword. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.223-229. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Quality assessments in multiplexing. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.45-46. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Familiarization with multimeter . In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.1-5. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Comparison between different class types. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.207-213. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Discontinuous transmission and multiplexing. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.33-35. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Interfaces and protocols. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.9-16. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Arrays . In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.119-125. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Active band pass filter. In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.136-141. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Modifiers for class data. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.191-197. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Multi-pulse residual excitation model (MP-PRE). In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.26-30. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
More on functions. In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.99-110. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Multiple classes. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.177-184. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Codebook excited linear predictive coding. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.18-21. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Active low pass filter . In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.123-128. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Text effects. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.221-226. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Functions . In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.83-90. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Low bit rate speech coding. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.10-11. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Differentiator. In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.115-120. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Return statement. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.163-167. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Basic text effects. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.205-212. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Review of iterative structures . In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.63-72. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Subtractor or differential amplifier . In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.108-110. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Arguments passing. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.155-161. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Linear predictive coding of speech. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.15-17. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Image clone 2. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.193-197. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
The do-while loop . In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.55-57. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Static: the multipurpose keyword. In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.253-255. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Inverting amplifier . In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.101-104. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Object and classes. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.135-140. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Image tool function. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.173-179. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Review, summary & building skill . In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.33-37. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Class-B power amplifier . In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.92-96. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Strings. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.119-125. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Goto statement. In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.241-247. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Logical operators and switch statements. In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.25-31. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Speech quality for LPC envelope criterion. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.124-126. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Image editing. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.157-164. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Nested loops. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.99-104. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Const correctness. In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.229-234. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Darlington common emitter . In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.82-86. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Energy threshold sensitivity for frame loss. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.113-118. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Disk management. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.141-146. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Sending the output to a print file . In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.11-16. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Common emitter amplifier with self bias . In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.75-77. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
For loops. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.85-92. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Polymorphism and virtual functions. In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.219-221. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Introduction . In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.1-3. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Cyclic frame discarding multiplexer design. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.102-105. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Storage management. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.127-134. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Loops in Java. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.73-78. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Pointers. In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.203-211. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Voltage divider rule (VDR). In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.65-68. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
LPC envelope difference criterion and multiplexing efficiency. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.92-94. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Basic storage management. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.113-118. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Security risk of ATM systems, case of study . In: Computer Applications: Theories and Applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.129-138. ISBN 978-967-418-107-9.
2011
Binary search. In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.189-197. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Ohm's law . In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.60-61. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
The If-Else-If statements . In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , International Islamic University Malaysia , pp.61-66. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Network security setting. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.99-106. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Protection mechanisms using MD5 and Base64. In: Computer Applications: Theories and Applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.59-69. ISBN 978-967-418-107-9.
2011
Concept of frames discarding and multiplexing efficiency. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.84-88. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Soldering iron practice . In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.52-55. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Conditional statements . In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.51-54. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Linear searching. In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.179-188. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Dynamic talker activity analysis. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.73-79. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.
2011
Hardware configuration. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.73-79. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
Molecular docking . In: Computer applications: Theories and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.37-44. ISBN 978-967-418-107-9.
2011
Selection sorting. In: C++ Programming: Step by Step . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.153-159. ISBN 9789674180904.
2011
Measurement techniques. In: Understanding basic concept of electrical and electronic systems . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.39-46. ISBN 9789674181161.
2011
Relational and logical operators. In: JAVA programming lab manual . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.39-44. ISBN 9789674180867.
2011
Control panel and screen savers. In: Introduction of computer systems and applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.65-72. ISBN 9789674180850.
2011
In-silico drug target design & its approaches . In: Computer Applications: Theories and Applications . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.15-26. ISBN 978-967-418-107-9.
2011
Multiplexing and operational scenarios. In: Statistical Time Division Multiplexing Architectures and Design . IIUM Press , Kuala Lumpur , pp.68-69. ISBN 978-967-418-190-1.

Conference or Workshop Item

2017
Testing Sphinx’s language model fault-tolerance for the Holy Quran. In: 6th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for the Muslim World (ICT4M 2016) , Jakarta, Indonesia
2016
WSN based sensing model for smart crowd movement with identification: a conceptual model. In: Multi Conference on Computer Science And Information Systems 2016 , Portugal
2016
Testing Sphinx's language model fault-tolerance for the Holy Quran. In: 2016 6th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for The Muslim World (ICT4M 2016) , Jakarta, Indonesia
2016
Online shopping satisfaction in Malaysia: A framework for security, trust and cybercrime. In: 6th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for the Muslim World (ICT4M 2016) , Jakarta, Indonesia
2016
Factors effecting fixed-line telecom services customer retention: A study of Pakistan . In: 14th International Conference on Statsitical Sciences , Karachi Pakistan
2016
An adoption of Halal food recognition system using Mobile Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and near field communication (NFC). In: 2016 6th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for The Muslim World (ICT4M 2016) , Jakarta, Indonesia
2016
Acceptance and use of information and communication technology by academicians: Towards a conceptual framework. In: 6th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for the Muslim World (ICT4M 2016) , Jakarta, Indonesia
2016
Modeling user’s trust in M-commerce acceptance: A conceptual framework in context of Pakistan. In: 2015 4th International Conference on Advanced Computer Science Applications and Technologies (ACSAT 2015) , Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2015
Mobile online services and measuring user satisfaction: study of Kuwait. In: 2014 3rd International Conference on Advanced Computer Science Applications and Technologies , Amman, Jordan
2015
Detecting changes in context using time series analysis of social network. In: SAI Intellegence Systems Conference 2015 , United Kingdom, London
2015
Predicting the fraud volume in the advent of internet enabled handheld devices . In: 4th International Conference on Advances in Engineering Sciences and applied Mathematics, ICAESAM' 2015 , Kuala Lumpur
2015
Towards using CMU Sphinx Tools for the Holy Quran recitation verification. In: 3rd International Conference on Islamic Applications in Computer Science and Technologies (IMAN 2015) , Konya, Turkey
2015
A framework for for the analysis of determinants of social media acceptance in higher educational institutions of Pakistan. In: 5th International Conference on Computing and Informatics, ICOCI 2015 , Istanbul, Turkey
2015
Simulation of Resources Sharing Architecture (ReSa) between clouds using Java programming. In: 2014 The 5th International Conference on Information & Communication Technology for the Muslim World (ICT4M 2014) , Kuching, Sarawak
2015
A review of slicing techniques in software engineering. In: International Conference on Engineering and Technology , Sri Lanka
2015
SmartCrowd: novel approach to big crowd management using mobile cloud computing. In: International Conference on Cloud Computing 2015 (ICCC'2015) , Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2015
Relation mining using cross correlation of multi domain social networks . In: SAI Intelligent Systems Conference (IntelliSys), 2015 , London, United Kingdom
2015
A conceptual framework for the analysis of determinants of m-commerce acceptance. In: 13th International Conference on Statistical Sciences , Department of Statistics, Islamia College, Peshawar
2015
A model for handling overloading of literature review process for social science . In: The International Conference on Advanced Research in Business and Social Sciences 2015 (ICARBSS 2015) , Kuala Lumpur Convention Center (KLCC), Kuala Lumpur
2015
A conceptual framework for measuring the acceptance of pervasive learning. In: 5th International Conference on Computing and Informatics (ICOCI 2015) , Istanbul, Turkey
2014
ReSA: architecture for resources sharing between clouds. In: 2014 Conference on Information Assurance and Cyber Security (CIACS) , Rawalpindi, Pakistan.
2014
Calculus and its applications in scale-free networks . In: 5th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for The Muslims World (ICT4M 2014) , Kuching, Sarawak
2014
Systematic Review of Computational Modeling of Mood and Emotion. In: 2014 The 5th International Conference on Information & Communication Technology for the Muslim World (ICT4M 2014) , Sarawak
2014
Identification of vessel anomaly behavior using support vector machines and Bayesian networks. In: International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering (ICCCE 2014) , Kuala Lumpur
2014
Investigating how the sources of online audio Qur’an empower listeners. In: The 5th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for The Muslim World (ICT4M 2014) , Kuching, Sarawak
2014
Innovative Web2.0 based collaborative learning and study circle model: integrating Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Science . In: 5th International Conference Information & Communication Technology for the Muslim World (ICT4M 2014) , Kuching, Sarawak
2014
Sharing of attacks information across clouds for improving security:a conceptual framework. In: International Conference on Computer, Communication, and Control Technology (I4CT 2014) , Langkawi, Kedah, Malaysia
2014
Anomaly detection in vessel tracking using Support Vector Machines (SVMs). In: 2nd International Conference on Advanced Computer Science Applications and Technologies (ACSAT2013) , Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
2013
A model for real-time recognition and textual representation of Malaysian sign language through image processing . In: 2103 International Conference of Advanced Computer Science Applications and Technologies (ACSAT) , Kuching, Sarawak
2013
A security-based survey and classification of cloud architectures, state of the art and future directions . In: 2013 International Conference on Advanced Computer Science Applications and Technologies (ACSAT) , Kuching, Sarawak
2013
Ethical perspective of students in Global Learning Environment. In: 2013 5th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for the Muslim World (ICT4M) , Kuala Lumpur
2013
Analysis of SNS popularity from different perspectives among users. In: The 4th International Conference on Information & Communication Technology for the Muslim World (ICT4M) , Rabat, Moroco
2013
Fault tolerant cloud auditing. In: The 4th International Conference on Information & Communication Technology for the Muslim World (ICT4M) , Rabat, Moroco
2013
Prototyping of a situation awareness system in the maritime surveillance. In: 5th International Conference on Mechatronics , Kuala Lumpur
2013
Hierarchical 3D-Mesh Network. In: IRIIE2013 , Gombak, Kuala Lumpur
2013
Similarities and dissimilarities between character frequencies of written text of Melayu, English and Indonesian languages . In: 2103 International Conference of Advanced Computer Science Applications and Technologies (ACSAT) , Kuching, Sarawak
2013
Template based procedural rigging of quadrupeds with custom manipulators. In: 2103 International Conference of Advanced Computer Science Applications and Technologies (ACSAT) , Kuching, Sarawak
2013
10 c’s of social networking, interconnections and the impact on social networking. In: The 4th International Conference on Information & Communication Technology for the Muslim World (ICT4M) , Rabat, Moroco
2013
Inculcating ethical values in the students through e-Learning platform. In: The 4th International Conference on Information & Communication Technology for the Muslim World (ICT4M) , Rabat, Moroco
2013
A 10 C’s of social networking, interconnections and the impact on social networking. In: 2013 5th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for the Muslim World (ICT4M) , Rabat, Morocco
2013
Towards quick response and secure online banking transactions: using data compression and cryptography. In: 2nd International Conference on Advances Information Technology (AIT 2013) , Bangkok, Thailand
2012
NoMadCar: the interactive design using human computer interaction techniques. In: International Multi-TopIc Conference (IMTIC 2012) , Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Jamshoro, Pakistan
2012
Design and development of the FMCW Radar Scene Generator. In: 2012 IEEE Symposium on Industrial Electronics and Applications (ISIEA2012) , Bandung, Indonesia
2012
A deadlock-free dimension order routing for hierarchical 3D-mesh network. In: 2012 International Conference on Computer & Information Science (ICCIS) , Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2012
Building wireless sensor networks application using Sun SPOTs. In: Second International Multi Topic Conference, IMTIC 2012 , Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Jamshoro, Pakistan
2012
High performance hierarchical torus network. In: IRIIE2012 , Gombak, Kuala Lumpur
2012
On dynamic communication performance of a hierarchical 3D-mesh network. In: The 9th IFIP International Conference on Network and Parallel Computing (NPC 2012) , Gwangju, South Korea
2012
Widget based automated rigging of bipedal character with custom manipulators . In: 11th ACM SIGGRAPH International Conference on Virtual-Reality Continuum and Its Applications in Industry, VRCAI 2012; , Singapore
2011
Frequencies determination of characters for Bahasa Melayu: results of preliminary investigation. In: 12th Conference of the Pacific Association for Computational Linguistics (PACLING 2011) , IIUM
2011
Maximizing bandwidth efficiency of statistical multiplexer Architexture using frame dropping methods . In: KICT Seminar , Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
RFID based smart hospital management system: a conceptual framework. In: International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for the Muslim World (ICT4M) 2010 , Jakarta