Arabic linguistic and literary studies have been shifting towards reformation with new methodological and religious themes. Traditional scholars have been weeding out contradicting ideas that go against the Islamic thinking. There is also a shift in the language study through modernization of linguistic and updating its approaches and contents. This due to our need to reform linguistic thought that would enable a novel reading of the traditional sources. This is so because of the nature of the traditional contents that is a mixture of unsystematic texts, information and interpretation. Some of them were exposed to plagiarism. The issue of substantiating argument for certain syntax and language issues is a complicated topic since the effort to argue has stalled thus dethroning Arabic as a second language to its own speakers. Therefore, reform in linguistic studies is an inevitable positive progress as what used to be suitable yesterday may not be of use today. This means that we would take from the old what suits us and reject the opposite.
The contemporary western scholars have significantly benefitted from Arabic language and literary studies and used the traditional Arabic method on some occasions so there is a relationship between linguistics and literary studies on one hand with traditional heritage on the other. Modern linguistic and literary studies have directly or indirectly benefitted from the Arabic language tradition. In relating the contributions of the traditional scholars and the modern ones, we must differentiate between these two methods: first is the traditional Arab scholars in research; the old method in Arabic linguistic and literary studies is reflective of humanistic studies based on the relation between human and language that focuses on his verbal characteristics. Western scholars have benefitted from the traditional Arabic linguistic and literary studies in particular the studies of phonetic, syntax, structures, poems, literature, the books of Sibawaih, Khalil, Jahiz and other poets due to the fact that knowledge is a common human heritage that is related to the culture and setting of each nation. In analyzing certain Arabic language issues, they follow the Arabic language methodology that would lead them to the three phases of language compilation, that lexical items in language were compiled and interpreted without being in any specific order. They also were dependent on substantiating linguistic argument with the Quranic verses, the prophetic tradition, the classical Arabic literature and by means of listening from the Bedouin Arabs.
In light of the these, the 7th International Conference of Arabic Language and Literature ICALL 2020 would like to call upon interested researchers and academics to the issue of review and critique in particular, as these are the foundations of research and an approach through which any academic pursuit begins. They set the direction of current research trend. Traditional scholars in every era from among the linguists and literary figures themselves took up the tasks of reviewing and criticizing previous works to show that any shortcoming in appraising these works would inevitably result in a letdown in the standard of research or diverting it from its own objectives and directions. This is also to serve as a reminder to the researchers to the actual purpose of the research title or to in order to summarize it or identify the research gaps that need to be addressed. Methodological review helps the researcher to uncover new interpretation for the previous findings that are unachievable except by scrutinizing what was previously written. Likewise it helps to identify undetermined results of the related researches paving ways to new explanations and theories. In addition to that, methodological reviews -through their recommendations – promise new inroads for future research undertakings that would reveal certain new variables of the findings or discover the differing factors between the studies. There is no difference in this regards between the linguistic and literary studies; linguists – with all the disciplines in the field of linguistic studies- criticize the Arabic linguistic in general without giving preference between its models and directions. They did not specifically put forward a specific appraisal for certain linguist or language school. In the field of literature, reviews were done on the positions of the critics on literary texts that differ between the subjectivity of the reader and the objectivity of the text, the interpretation of language signs in literary text, the unity of syntax and rhetorical structure within the context of their relation with style.
This conference aims to: