Introduction

The 31st International Conference of Analytical Sciences 2018 (SKAM31) is jointly organized by International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) and Malaysian Analytical Sciences Society (ANALIS). SKAM31 will be held on August 2018 in Kuantan, Pahang. SKAM31 also known as regional symposium of Malaysia analytical sciences, will bring together researchers, scientists, academicians and students to share their findings in related area of research in analytical science and chemistry. Since it inauguration in 1987, SKAM has provided tremendous findings and contributions for the scientific community in various analytical-related field.