"The family of 'Imran". 'Imran was the father of Mariam (Mary), the mother of the Prophet Isa (Jesus), peace be on them. See Mursaleen . Surah 3 of the Holy Qur'an.
A major disbelief. Refusing to bow to Allah due to pride, even though acknowledging the Divine Truth. It is the type of Kufr that Iblis committed. Those Muslims who do not pray are committing this same sin. See Kufr .
For ever. See Khalideen .
"He frowned". The blind man that is referred to in this surah is Abdullah ibn Umm Maktoum. Surah 80 of the Holy Qur'an.
Also spelled Abi Bakr. He was one of the greatest companions of the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. His full name is Abu Bakr as-Siddiq. The Holy Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, called him as-Siddiq because he always believed in him (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), without any reservation. He was the first of the four rightly guided Khalifaas (al-Khulafaa al-Rashideen) from 11 - 13 AH. The other three, may Allah bless them, were
Fiercest enemy of Islam and paternal uncle of the Prophet Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). Surah 111 of the Holy Qur'an. Known as Suratul Masad.
It is the Kunya of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). It is prohibited to have the Kunya of the Holy Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). See Sahih Bukhari, Hadith 205,book 73, Vol.8 Sahih Muslim, Kitab-ul Adab.
An ancient tribe that lived after the Prophet Nooh (Noah), peace be on him, in the village of Ahqaf in the Yemen. It was a very prosperous tribe, but was rebellious against Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala and their Prophet Houd, peace be on him. So Allah Ta'ala destroyed it with a fatal westerly windstorm (Ad-Dabour). See Holy Qur'an, Houd (11):50-60. See Mursaleen .
The first man and a prophet. He was created neither in Paradise nor on Earth, but in the realm of Allah's mercy. From there he was sent to Jannah (Paradise), from where later he was sent down to Earth. He had many offspring, the most famous ones are Habil (Abel) and Qaabil (Cain). See Holy Qur'an, Al-Baqarah (2): 30-39, Al-Maida (5) 30-34. See Mursaleen .
Punishment, especially the punishment for failing to obey Allah Ta'ala. See Holy Qur'an, Aali 'Imran (3):106.
Islamic way for calling Muslims to prayer. The Adhan that is announced today was formulized and formalized in l AH. See Sahih Bukhari, Hadith 583,book 3, Vol.1 Sahih Muslim, Kitab-ul Adab.
A special type of good scented grass found in the Hijaz area of the Arabian peninsula. Also known as Idhkhir.
"The coursers". "Coursers" refer to war horses when they charge, stamp their hooves, breathe heavily and snort in the course of the confusion of battle. Surah 100 of the Holy Qur'an.
Evil jinns who are large, powerful and very crafty. Singular:Ifreet. See Holy Qur'an, An-Naml (27):39.
Third person singular of Falaah .
Al-'Afuwo": The Forgiver or Pardoner, in the sense of obliterating the memory of wrongdoings from one's mind. One of the ninety-nine attributes of Allah Ta' ala. See Maghfirah .
After Hijra. Hijra means emigration. The Islamic calendar starts from the day the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, emigrated from Makkah to Madinah, in 622 A.D.
Sayings and traditions of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Singular: Hadith.
Literally means "orders". In Islam, orders are subdivided into six distinct categories:
means people of opinion. It is refers to people that are consulted on Islamic matters. These people are highly learned in Islam.
Literally means "the People of the House". A polite way of addressing the wife and the members of the household. Sometimes used to refer to the family of the Prophet Muhammad, may the blessing and peace of Allah be on him and on his family and on all his companions. The blessings here are addressed to the entire household. See Holy Qur' an, Houd (11):73.
Literally means "the People of the Scripture". It refers to Yahoud (Jews), Nasara (Christians) and Saabe-een (Sabians). Those who believe in the Trinity and that Jesus is God and/or the Son of God are considered as Kuffar (unbelievers), even though they are Ahlul Kitab.
See Maghdoub and Dhaleen . Holy Qur' an, Yusuf Ali, Al-Maida (5): 19, 75-76. Holy Qur' an, M. Pickthall, Al-Maida (5):17, 72-73.
Literally means "the People of the Book (the Holy Qur'an) and the sayings and traditions, (the Sunnah of Muhammad, may Alah bless him and grant him peace)". This refers to the people who strive to follow exactly the teachings of the Holy Qur'an and Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, without any deviations.
Another name of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Prophet Isa (Jesus), peace be on him, prophesied his coming. See Muhammad , may Allah bless him and grant him peace. See Holy Qur' an, As-Saff(61):6.
Name of a village in Yemen. Home of the people of 'Ad. See 'Ad . Surah 46 of the Holy Qur' an.
"The Clans". A famous battle between the early Muslims and the rejectors, in which the Muslims, under the direction of Salman al-Farisi, dug a trench around the city of al-Madinah al-Munawarah to thwart the advance of the unbelievers in 5 AH. The battle is also known as the Battle of the Khandaq (Battle of the Trench). See Holy Qur' an, An-Nur (24):55, Al-Ahzab (33):9-20. Surah 33 of the Holy Qur'an.
Daughter of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (may Allah be pleased with him and her) and wife of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.
Parts. The Holy Qur'an is divided into thirty parts. Singular: Juz.
Literally means "ate". In Islamic theology, it usually means:
Major Shirk. This is divided into four categories:
The Hereafter. Not the life in the Barzakh (the life of the grave), but the life of the Jannah (Paradise) or the Nar (Hellfire).
"The Most High" See Surah 87 of the Holy Qur 'an.
Peace be upon you. This is said whenever the name of a Malak (an angel), a nabi (a prophet) or a rasool (a messenger) of Allah is mentioned, except for the name or title of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu 'alaihe wa sallam). See Sallallahu 'alaihe wa sallam . See Mursaleen.
World. Singular of 'Alameen. See 'Alameen.
Takes its root word "'Alam", meaning world. The Qur'anic meaning of 'Alameen varies from verse to verse, depending on the context in which it is placed.
"The clot of blood". Also called Surat Iqraa. Ayat (verses) 1-5 of this surah were the first five verses revealed to Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. They were revealed to him through the Holy Spirit, the Angel Jibreel (Gabriel), peace be on him, in the Ghar Hiraa (Cave of Hiraa) in Jabal an-Nur. See Surah 96 of the Holy Qur' an.
A valley 7km west of al-Madinah al-Munawarah.
The Throne of Allah al-Malik al-Qudus al-Aziz al-Hakeem.See Surah Ta-Ha (20)5.
A name that will be given to those Muslims who, on the Day of Resurrection, will have parts of their bodies shining due to their perfect ablution practices. See Sahih Bukhari 138, book 4, Vol.1.
Praise be to Allah. Should be said on all occasions and especially after sneezing. Abu Huraira related that the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: 'When any one of you sneezes, then he should say "Al-hamdu lillah", and his brother or friend (who listens) should respond by saying "Yarhamuka Allah", (Allah have mercy upon you);
One of the greatest companions of the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. The last of the four rightly guided Khalifs (al-Khulafaa al-Rashideen), may Allah bless with him, he ruled from 36AH to 4OAH. He was martyred whilst praying in the Masjid (mosque). See Khalifa.
Abbreviated letters, called al-Muqatta' at, revealed at the start of certain Suwar of the Holy Qur'an.
An Islamic religious scholar. Plural: Ulamaa.
"The Cleaving". See Surah 82 of the Holy Qur~ an.
Miqat of the people of Shaam. See Miqat.
The Seat of Allah, al-Hayyu al-Qayoum. The size of His Seat extends over all the heavens and earth. Even though it is such a huge creation, it is still much smaller than the 'Arsh (the Throne) of Allah Ta'ala. Surah 2:255 is called Ayatul Kursi. See Surah al-Baqara (2):255. See also 'Arsh.
The Name of the Creator of the Universe and all that it contains. Derives from the word "Ilah" which means "the One deserving all worship", the One to Whom all hearts submit in love, fear, reverence, desire, trust and sincerity, and to Whom all limbs submit in all forms of worship such as prayers, supplications, sacrifices, invocations, etc.
Other Commonly Used Spellings: ALLAHOO AKBAR,ALLAHU AKBER,ALLAHOO AKBER,ALLAH AKBAR
This statement is said by Muslims numerous times. During the call for prayer, during prayer, when they are happy, and wish to express their approval of what they hear, when they slaughter an animal, and when they want to praise a speaker, Muslims do say this expression of Allahu Akbar. Actually it is most said expression in the world. Its meaning: "Allah is the Greatest." Muslims praise Allah in every aspect of life; and as such they say Allahu Akbar.
"O Allah". This is said when invoking Allah Ta'ala. For example, "Allah humma atina fid dunya hasana wa fil akhirati hasana wa qin a 'ad hab an-nar". "OAllah, give us the good of this world and the good of the Hereafter and preserve us from the Hellfire."
Allah the Exalted. See Subhana hu wa Ta'ala.
A famous goddess in the Hijaz that used to be worshipped by the pagan Arabs in the pre-Islamic period of ignorance. See Holy Qur' an, An-Najm (53):19.
Other Commonly Used Spellings: AAMIN, AAMEEN, AMEEN
means custodian or guardian. Someone who is loyal or faithful.
Amir is used in Islam to mean leader or commander.
Commander of the Faithful. Title of the leader of the Islamic nation after the death of the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. The first four commanders of the faithful of the new Islamic nation were called al-Khulafaa al-Rashideen, "the rightly-guided Khulafaas" (see Khalifa . They were given this title because they carried out their duties perfectly according to the Holy Qur'an and the practices and teachings of the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.
Enjoining the good. The full version is "Amr bill Ma'roofwa nahi 'anil Munkar", (enjoining the good and forbidding the evil).
"The Cattle". Surah 6 of the Holy Qur' an.
A stick with a spearhead. Read Sahih Sahih Bukhari, Hadith 90, book 15, Vol.2
"The Prophets". Surah 21 of the Holy Qur' an.
"The Spoils of War". Surah 8 of the Holy Qur'an.
"The spider" The spider who made its web over the Ghar Thaur (Cave of Thaur) where the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, hid from the Quraish on his way to Madinah. Surah 29 of the Holy Qur' an.
Idols. See Holy Qur'an, Al-Baqara (2):219
Literally means "helpers".
Singular of Ansar .
Plural of 'Aqeeda .
a place just outside of Mecca, in Mina where the first Muslims from Yathrib Madinah pledged allegiance to the Prophet in the year 621 C.E.. A similar meeting took place the next year when more Muslims from Yathrib pledged their allegiance to the Prophet.
Plural : 'Aqaaid. Literally means belief. In Islamic terminology, it means articles of faith. There are six articles of faith:
A tree from which Siwak is made. See Siwak.
"The Heights". Surah 7 of the Holy Qur'an.
A pilgrimage site, ahout 25km east of Makkah al-Mukaramah. Standing on 'Arafat on the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah and staying there from mid-day to sunset is the essence of the Hajj (the Pilgrimage).
May be translated as dams or embankments. The 'Areme (dam) that is referred to in Surah 34:16 is the Maarib Dam whose traces still exist in Yemen.
Pillars. This refers to the indispensable pillars of Islam. There are five Arkan of Islam:
The Throne of Allah. The 'Arsh is the immense starless heaven that encompasses the visible Universe, which is referred to as the Kursi. Sayyidina 'Ali, may Allah he pleased with him, said that the relationship of the Kursi to the 'Arsh is like that of a small ring lying in the middle of a vast desert. This is why 'Arsh is correctly translated as 'Throne' and Kursi as 'Seat or 'Foot-stool', although sometimes those who are unaware of the existence and nature of the Arsh translate Kursi as 'Throne'.
See Alaihi as-Salaam
It means tirbal loyalty, nationalism.
The specific reason and circumstances for the revelation of various verses of the Holy Qur'an. For example: Surat at- Taubah, Ayat 79-80 (the story of Abu 'Aqeel). In 9AH the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked for contributions to finance his Tabuk expedition. Being very poor, but still yearning to contribute, Abu 'Aqeel decided to offer his services, which lasted from dusk till dawn. He received only two handfuls of barley in payment. He took the entire payment and presented it to Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. A group of Munafiqeen (hypocrites) saw this and started to deride Abu 'Aqeel by saying, "Look at Abu 'Aqeel, does he think that Allah is in need of such a pathetic donation?" Allah Ta'ala became so angry with them that He immediately sent down the Holy Spirit Jibreel (The Angel Gabriel), peace be on him, to reveal Surah 9: 79-80 to Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.
A minor disbelief. Being unappreciative of what Allah Ta'ala has provided. See Kufr.
A minor Shirk:
Literally means "companions of the Right", the righteous people. On the Day of Resurrection, Allah Ta'ala will sort out the good and the evil. They will be divided into three groups:
Literally means "Companions of the Left", the evil-doers. These people will he the companions of the Nar (Hellfire) on the Day of Resurrection. For full explanation: See Ashab al-Maimana . See Holy Qur'an, Al-Wa qi'a (56):41-56.
Dwellers of the wood. Another name for the Midianites. See Madyan . See Holy Qur'an, Al-Hijr (15):78, Al-Shu'ara (26):176-191.
The most honoured of all the prophets. One of the titles of the Holy Prophet Muhammad , may Allah bless him and grant him peace.
the ten people that were given the glad tidings of assurance of entering Paradise. They were Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali, Abdur Rahman ibn Awf, Abu Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah, Talhah ibn Ubaydullah, az-Zubayr ibn al-Awwam, Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, Sa'id ibn Zayd.
A famous place between Madinah and Makkah.
The wife of Fir'aun (Pharaoh). She is one of the four greatest created females, the other three being:
Reformed, mended, corrected, improved ways of behaviour. See Holy Qur' an, Al-Anbiyaa (21):90.
Unity of Names and Attributes of Allah Ta'ala. To believe that:
The ninety-nine Beautiful Names (Attributes) of Allah Ta'ala. It is haram to add to or delete from the list of Attributes of Allah. It is also haram to give such attributes to anyone else. For the full list of al-Asmaul Husna, see Asmaul Husna Al-asmaul Husna(List).
"Afternoon". The third compulsory Salat (Prayer) of the day. It can be prayed at any time between mid-afternoon and a little before sunset. Surah 103 of the Holy Qur'an.
"Peace be on you". Greeting of the Muslims. The response to this greeting is "Wa 'Alaikum Assalam wa Rahmatul-lahi wa Barakatuh", And on you be the Peace and Mercy of Allah and His Blessings.
"The Truthful". This title was given to Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, by the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. When the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, related his experience of al-Isra (his night journey to the Masjid al-Aqsa in Jerusalem) wal Mi'raj (and his ascension through the seven heavens) to Abu Bakr , may Allah he pleased with him, he immediately and without any reservation replied "Sadaqt" : "You have spoken the truth". From that time on, Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, came to be known as Abu Bakr as-Siddiq.
I seek forgiveness of Allah.
Sayings of the Sahabah, the companions of the Prophet Muhammad, may the peace and blessing of Allah be on him and them.
The part of the body that must always be concealed, except in front of spouses.
This is an expression and a statement that Muslims have to recite before reading to Qur'an, before speaking, before doing any work, before making a supplication, before taking ablution, before entering the wash room, and before doing many other daily activities. The meaning of this phrase is: "I seek refuge from Allah from the outcast Satan." Allah is the Arabic name of God. Satan is the source of evil and he always tries to misguide and mislead people. The Qur'an states that Satan is not an angel but a member of the Jinn, which are spiritual beings created by Allah. So the belief that Satan is a fallen angel is rejected in Islam.
Snakes living in houses.
Protectors, friends, supporters, helpers. Comes from the same root word as Maula. Singular: Walee.
It means weight, like the ones used to weigh items.
A verse of the Holy Qur'an. Literally means "a sign". Plural: Ayat.
Literally means signs (of Allah Ta'ala).
The 255th verse of Surah al-Baqara (2) in the Holy Qur'an.
Bismillah Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem
Allah! There is no god but He, the Living, the Eternal. Neither slumber nor sleep seizes Him. Unto Him belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth. Who is there can intercede with Him except by His leave? He knows that which is in front of them (His creatures) and that which is behind them, while they encompass nothing of His knowledge except what He wills. His seat extends over the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary in preserving them, for He is the Most High, the Most Supreme (the Most Great).
Job. A prophet of Islam. He was renowned for his patience, hence the idiom "Sabr Ayoub" (the patience of Job), which means complete patience and constancy.See Mursaleen .
Literally means "arrows". It was used in divination to seek good fortune in any decision taken by the pre-Islamic pagan Arabs. See Holy Qur' an, al-Maida (5):90.
Pairs, as in husband and wife.