Staff Directory


Kamarul Ariffin Bin Khalid

Academic Qualification

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Medicine - Doctor of Philosophy, The University of Adelaide
  • PhD in Medicine (Orthopaedics and Trauma) - Doctor of Philosophy, University of Adelaide
  • Orthopaedics - Masters Degree (Clinical Specialist), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Ph.D in Orthopaedics and Trauma - Doctor of Philosophy, University of Adelaide
  • M. Med. Sciences. - Masters Degree, University College Cork
  • M.B.B.Ch., B.Ch. B.A.O. - Bachelor Degree, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
  • Diploma in Tissue Banking - Diploma, National University of Singapore

Kamarul Ariffin Bin Khalid (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)

Associate Professor
IIUM Kuantan Campus

KULLIYYAH OF MEDICINE


k.ariffin@iium.edu.my
4655


Expert Profile


Dr. Kamarul Ariffin b. Khalid is an Associate Professor in Orthopaedic Surgery at the Kulliyyah of Medicine, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM). He has been a staff of IIUM for more since 1995.
He obtained his Basic Medical Degree from the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland in June, 1993, Master in Medical Science (Anatomy) from University College of Cork in June, 1995 and Master of Surgery (Orthopaedics) from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia in July, 2000.
He is currently providing serivce as a Consultant Hand & Upper Limb Surgeon at the IIUM Medical Centre and IIUM Medical Specialist Centre. He previously held the position as the Deputy Dean (Postgraduate & Research) at the Kulliyyah of Medicine in 2006-2007 and 2013-2017. He has vast experience in teaching, research supervision and management. He is a regular invited speaker in many programmes and is actively organizing workshops and conferences.
He is also regularly invited to be an external examiner for professional examinations. He has been involved with the National Medical Postgraduate Curriculum Committee since 2014.
Currently, he is the Chairman of the Board of Directors for IIUM Entrepreneurship and Consultancies Sdn. Bhd. He has also been appointed as a consultant by Granulab (M) Sdn. Bhd since 2007.


Area of Specialisation


  • Agricultural ~ Agricultural Science And Technology ~ Animal and Avian Production ~ Animal Growth and Development - In Vivo Animal Studies
  • Natural Science ~ Biological Sciences ~ Biochemistry ~ Other Biochemistry n.e.c. - Bioceramics
  • Medical And Health ~ Medical And Health Sciences ~ Clinical Medicine ~ Surgery - Hand & Upper Limb Surgery
  • Medical And Health ~ Medical And Health Sciences ~ Clinical Medicine ~ Orthopaedics - Orthopaedic Biomaterials
  • Natural Science ~ Biological Sciences ~ Genetics ~ Cell Biology - Bone Cell Biology
  • ICT ~ Information, Computer And Communications Technology (ICT) ~ Other Information, Computer and Communication Technology (ICT) n.e.c. - Microsoft Word, Microsoft Outlook, Microsoft PowerPoint, Microsoft Excel


Professional Membership


  • 2000: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Member), Malaysian Society for Surgery of the Hand (MSSH)
  • 2000: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Member), Malaysian Orthopaedic Association (MOA)


Teaching Responsibilities


ADVANCE TRAUMA 2014/2015 2017/2018
APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY 2019/2020 2014/2015 2017/2018 2015/2016
CLINICAL ANATOMY 2019/2020 2015/2016 2014/2015 2017/2018
ELECTIVE 2014/2015
GENERAL ORTHOPAEDIC AND TRAUMATOLOGY I 2017/2018 2015/2016
GENERAL ORTHOPAEDIC AND TRAUMATOLOGY II 2015/2016
GENERAL PATHOLOGY 2019/2020 2014/2015 2017/2018
HAND AND RECONSTRUCTIVE MICROSURGERY 2014/2015 2015/2016 2019/2020 2017/2018
INTENSIVE CARE & GENERAL SURGERY 2014/2015 2015/2016 2017/2018
INTENSIVE CARE AND GENERAL SURGERY 2019/2020
ISLAMIC INPUT IN ORTHOPAEDIC 2015/2016 2019/2020 2017/2018
ISLAMIC INPUT IN ORTHOPAEDIC SURGERY 2014/2015
OPERATIVE ORTHOPAEDIC SURGERY AND IMPLANTS 2014/2015 2015/2016 2019/2020 2017/2018
ORTHOPAEDIC IMAGING 2017/2018 2019/2020 2015/2016 2014/2015
ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY I 2019/2020 2014/2015
ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY II 2014/2015
ORTHOPAEDICS, TRAUMATOLOGY & REHABILITATION 2013/2014 2019/2020 2014/2015 2015/2016 2016/2017 2018/2019 2017/2018
ORTHOPAEDICS, TRAUMATOLOGY AND REHABILITATION I 2020/2021
PRINCIPLE OF SURGERY & BASIC ORTHOPAEDIC SURGERY 2015/2016 2014/2015 2017/2018
PRINCIPLE ORTHOPAEDIC SURGERY 2019/2020 2015/2016 2017/2018 2014/2015
PRINCIPLES OF SURGERY AND BASIC ORTHOPAEDIC SURGERY 2019/2020
REHABILITATION AND BIOMECHANICS 2017/2018 2019/2020 2014/2015 2015/2016
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 2017/2018 2016/2017 2013/2014 2015/2016 2014/2015 2019/2020


Research Projects


Completed
2018 - 2018 Basic Fracture Fixation Course 1/2018
2018 - 2018 Basic Tendon Repair Course 2/2018
2018 - 2020 Two-Dimensional Stretchable Strain for Facial Expression-Driven Rehabilitation System (AOARD GRANT)
2016 - 2018 Development of A Stretchable Tactile Distribution Sensor
2016 - 2020 Health Literacy and Internet Usage for Health Purposes among University staff and students
2016 - 2017 KAJIAN KEPENTINGAN ADANYA MAKLUMAT BERKAITAN PEKERJAAN DALAM DOKUMEN IDENTITI, REKOD KESIHATAN DAN SIJIL KEMATIAN DI MALAYSIA
2014 - 2018 Non-viral Gene Transfer Approaches for Cartilage Tissue Engineering: Proof of Concept
2014 - 2018 Differential Remodeling of Subchondral Bone Plate and Trabecular Bone of the Tibia in Spontaneous Animals Models of Osteoarthritis
2012 - 2016 Pre-Clinical Evaluations of Malaysian-Made "Osteopaste" an Injectable Self-Hardened Synthetic Bone Cement
2012 - 2015 A Novel Theoretical Model of Smart Medical Navigation System for Computer-Assisted Surgery
2011 - 2015 Experimental Investigation on Lower Limbs Motion Dynamics for Designing Jerk Fee Rehabilitation Assistive Robot
2008 - 2011 Compression Fracture of the Thoracolumbar Spine: A Prospective Study Comparing Radiographic Results Between Early Ambulation with and without Lumbar Orthosis
2007 - 2011 A Histological and Ultrastructural Study on Bone Formation in Posterolateral Intertransverse Lumbar Spinal Fusion: A Novel Use for a Locally Produced Bone Graft Substitute
2005 - 2008 Development of Porous Biomaterials for Bone Substitutes via Polymeric Sponge Method
On-Going
2019 - Present Safe Single COBOT for Therapist Assistance in Upper Limb Rehabilitation
2016 - Present Development of an Aviation-based Teamwork and Communication Training Programme to Improve Patient Safety in Malaysian Hospitals
2007 - Present Advanced Delivery System Using Locally - Produces Implantable Antibiotics- Incorporated Apatite Beads For Bone Repair -BioDDS
2004 - Present Close Suction Drainage Versus No Drainage In Femur Surgery
- CE Mark Consultant
- BIOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS OF BONE GRAFT USING TREATMENT WITH PASTEURIZATION OR LIQUID NITROGEN: A STUDY USING SHEEP BONE MODEL


Award & Recognition


05 Mar, 2013 Award of Appreciation Malam Citra Inovasi as Principal Researcher for ?GranuMaS? - Synthetic Bone Graft? - Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi Malaysia National
16 Jun, 2012 Best Basic Science Poster winner, 42nd Malaysian Orthopaedic Association Annual Scientific Meeting - Malaysian Orthopaedic Association National
18 Apr, 2006 Medical and Health Sciences Expert, Directory for S&T Experts 2005 / 2006 - Malaysian Science and Technology Information Centre (MASTIC), Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI) National
18 Apr, 2006 Material Sciences Expert, Directory for S&T Experts 2005 / 2006 - Malaysian Science and Technology Information Centre (MASTIC), Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI) National
18 Apr, 2006 Biotechnology Expert, Directory for S&T Experts 2005 / 2006 - Malaysian Science and Technology Information Centre (MASTIC), Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI) National
18 Feb, 2006 Quality Research Award winner (University Level) - International Islamic University Malaysia University
18 Feb, 2006 Best Researcher Award winner (Faculty Level) - International Islamic University Malaysia University
18 Feb, 2006 Quality Research Award winner (Faculty Level) - International Islamic University Malaysia University
02 Oct, 2005 11. Silver Medal Award winner for GranuMaS? - A Made-in-Malaysia Bone Graft Substitute at the 3rd IPTA R&D Expo - Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia National
22 Feb, 2004 Promising Researcher Award - International Islamic University Malaysia University
18 Jan, 2004 Promising Researcher Award (University Level) 2004 - International Islamic University Malaysia University
18 Jan, 2004 Best Researcher Award (Faculty Level) 2004 - International Islamic University Malaysia University
18 May, 2000 15. Mahmood Merican Award (Best Orthopaedic Trainee Research Presentation) - Malaysian Orthopaedic Association National
18 Apr, 1999 16. Ranjeet Bhagwan Singh Medical Research Grant Recipient 1999 - Academy of Sciences, Ministry of Science Malaysia National


Publications


Article

2021 The Malay version of the Michigan hand outcomes questionnaire: cross-cultural adaptation, validation and reliability testing. The Journal of Hand Surgery (Asian-Pacific Volume), () pp. 1-14
2020 Perspectives and consensus among international orthopaedic surgeons during initial and mid-lockdown phases of coronavirus disease. Journal of Hand and Microsurgery, 12 (3) pp. 135-162
2020 Pharmacological effects of Clinacanthus nutans Lindau and its potential cosmeceutical values: a comprehensive review. Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Research, 12 (1) pp. 10-19
2020 Plant-based skin lightening agents: a review. The Journal of Phytopharmacology, 9 (1) pp. 54-60
2020 The cartilaginous tissue formation using sry (Sex determining region Y)-BOX9 and telomerase reverse transcriptase genes transfected chondrocytes: In vivo approach = Formasi tisu tulang rawan menggunakan sry (Penentu jantina rantau Y)-BOX9 dan telomeras gen transkripsi berbalik kondrosit transfeksi: Pendekatan in vivo). Sains Malaysiana, 49 (5) pp. 1067-1080
2019 Cartilaginous matrix components production in the in vivo ‘cell-scaffold’ construct. International Journal of Allied Health Sciences, 3 ( Special issue) (3) pp. 807-807
2019 Efficacy of steroid injection versus physiotherapy treatment in work related trigger finger. International Journal of Allied Health Sciences (IJAHS), 3 ( Special issue) (3) pp.
2019 Impact of modern technology on the development of natural-based products. Journal of Ayurvedic and Herbal Medicine, 5 (4 (October-December)) pp. 133-142
2019 Malay version of the Michigan hand outcomes questionnaire: cross-cultural adaptation and reliability testing in Kuantan, Pahang. International Journal of Allied Health Sciences, 3 (3 Special Issue) pp. 784-784
2019 Matrix production in chondrocytes transfected with sex determining region Y-Box 9 and telomerase reverse transcriptase genes: an in vitro evaluation from monolayer culture to three-dimensional culture. Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, 16 (3) pp. 285-299
2018 Functional outcome of neurotization to the musculocutaneous nerve in traumatic brachial plexus injury. International Medical Journal Malaysia, 17 (Supplementary Issue 1) pp. 60-60
2018 Neurotisation In Extended Brachial Plexus Injury: Spinal Acessory Nerve (SAN) to Suprascapular Nerve (SSN) and Anterior Interosseous Nerve (AIN) branch to Pronator Quadratus (PQ) to Radial Branch Of Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis (ECRB) a case report. Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal, 12 (Supplement A) pp. 1
2018 Recombinant sclerostin antagonizes effects of ex vivo mechanical loading in trabecular bone and increases osteocyte lacunar size. American Journal Of Physiology - Cell Physiology, () pp.
2018 Structural changes and the differential expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and receptor activator of nuclear factor kB ligand (RANKL) in subchondral bone during the development of osteoarthriti. Malaysian Applied Biology Journal, 47 (6) pp. 87-96
2018 Structural changes and the differential expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and receptor activator of nuclear factor kB ligand (RANKL) in subchondral bone during the development of osteoarthritis. Malaysian Applied Biology, () pp.
2016 Histological evaluation of hydroxyapatite granules with and without platelet-rich plasma versus an autologous bone graft : comparative study of biomaterials used for spinal fusion in a New Zealand white rabbit model. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, 16 (4) pp. 422-429
2015 Predictors of major lower limb amputation among type II diabetic patients admitted for diabetic foot problems. Singapore Medical Journal, 56 (11) pp. 626-631
2013 Factors associated with the outcome of open tibial fractures. Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences , 20 (5) pp. 47-53
2013 Lower-limb rehabilitation robot design. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 53 (1) pp. 012038 (1)-012038 (10)
2012 Characterization of drug-release kinetics in trabecular bone from titania nanotube implants. International Journal of Nanomedicine, (7) pp. 4883-4892
2011 Phosphate ‘sensing’ by human bone. Osteoporosis International With other metabolic bone diseases, 22 (Supplement 4) pp. S585-S585
2009 Treatment of a Symptomatic Forearm Muscle Herniation with a Wrap-Around Fascia Lata Graft. Journal of Hand and Microsurgery, 1 (1) pp. 54-59
2008 An in vivo implantation study in New Zealand white rabbits for granular hydroxyapatite. European Cells and Materials, 16 (supp 2) pp. 55
2008 Granules hydroxyapatite application in fractures. European Cells and Materials, 16 (supp 2) pp. 56
2008 Successful commercialisation of locally fabricated bioceramics for clinical applications.. The Medical journal of Malaysia, 63 (Supp A) pp. 49-50
2007 Contralateral posterior interosseous flap used to cover large soft tissue defect in the fingers. A case report . International Medical Journal Malaysia, 6 (1) pp. 1-9
2007 Porous hydroxyapatite for artificial bone applications. Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, 8 (1-2) pp. 116-123
2006 Bilateral olecranon fracture in adult. A case report.. International Medical Journal Malaysia, 5 (1) pp. 1-4
2006 Infection Following Internal Fixation Of Closed Fractures. International Medical Journal Malaysia, 5 (1) pp. 1-8
2005 Cycle spokes and chain related injuries in children - emerging injuries in Malaysia. The Medical journal of Malaysia, 60 (Supp C) pp. 11-13
2004 Biomaterials research in Malaysia--development in facilities and expertise for in-vivo evaluation. The Medical journal of Malaysia, 59 (Supp B) pp. 133-134
2004 Histological evaluation of the early bone response to hydroxyapatite (HA) implanted in rabbit tibia. The Medical journal of Malaysia, 59 (Supp B) pp. 123-4
2004 Practical Islamic input in Orthopaedics Undergraduate Medical Curricula. International Medical Journal Malaysia, 3 (2) pp. E2
2004 Sterilisation effect study on granular hydroxyapatite (HA). The Medical journal of Malaysia, 59 (Supp B) pp. 85-86
1999 COX-2 inhibitors: a potential target for drug therapy in the management of colorectal cancer. The Medical journal of Malaysia, 54 (3) pp. 293-5
Conference or Workshop Item

2019 Collateral ligament injuries in the hand. In: 15th Malaysian Society for Surgery of The Hand (MSSH) Annual Scientific Meeting 2019,
2019 Cubital tunnel. In: 15th Malaysian Society for Surgery of The Hand (MSSH) Annual Scientific Meeting 2019,
2019 Efficacy of steroid injection versus physiotherapy treatment in work related trigger finger. In: 15th Malaysian Society for Surgery of The Hand (MSSH) Annual Scientific Meeting 2019,
2019 Malay version of Michigan Hand Outcome Questionnaire: cross culture adaptation and reliability testing in Kuantan Pahang. In: 15th Malaysian Society for Surgery of the Hand (MSSH) Annual Scientific Meeting,
2019 Tendons - anatomy & healing. In: Tendon Repair Workshop 1/2019,
2019 The osteocyte: master directors of bone remodelling, mineralisation and phosphate-calcium homeostasis. In: International Pharmacy Conference (IPC) 2019,
2018 Carpal tunnel and guyons canal: difficult diagnosis and managing expectations. In: Combined 14th Malaysian Society of Surgery of the Hand (MSSH) and Malaysian Society of hand Therapists (MSHT) Annual Scientific Meetings,
2018 Functional outcome of steroid injection in trigger finger between professional and service workers. In: 14th MSSH Annual Scientific Meeting & MSHT Annual Scientific Meeting 2018,
2018 Structural changes and the differential expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and receptor activator of nuclear factor kb ligand (RANKL) in subchondral bone during the development of osteoarthritis. In: The 15th Symposium of the Malaysian Society of Applied Biology (MSAB 2018),
2018 The remodelling of tibial trabecular bone in spontaneous animal model of osteoarthritis. In: The 15th Symposium of the Malaysian Society of Applied Biology (MSAB 2018),
2016 Effects of SRY (Sex Determining Region Y)-Box 9 (SOX9) and Telomerase Reverse Transcriptase (TERT) genes transfection in chondrocytes seeded on three-dimensional scaffolds: gross observation and cell proliferation assay. In: 6th MTERMS 2016 in conjunction with 2nd Malaysian Stem Cells Meeting,
2016 Identifying transfection efficiency and cartilaginous markers expression in chondrocytes overexpressed with SRY (Sex Determining Region Y)-Box 9 (SOX9) gene: A preliminary analysis in an in vitro model . In: 4th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering 2016 (ICBioE 2016),
2016 In vitro and in vivo non-viral SRY (Sex Determining Region Y)-box 9 (SOX9) and telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) genes transfer in chondrocytes: work in progress. In: KAHS Research Week (KRW) 2016 in conjunction with 1st Allied Health Scientific Colloquium (AHSC) 2016,
2016 Viability and glycosaminoglycan content in chondrocytes transfected with SRY (sex-determining region y)-BOX 9 and telomerase reverse transcriptase genes. In: 3rd Pan-Asian Biomedical Science Conference 2016 Kuala Lumpur,
2012 Application of hydroxyapatite granules in posterolateral intertransverse lumbar spinal fusion. In: International Conference on Nanotechnology, ICONT 2012,
2012 Computational and experimental characterization of drug release kinetics in trabecular bone from titania nanotube implants. In: 1st Asia Pacific Bone and Mineral Research Meeting and the Australian & New Zealand Bone & Mineral Society 22nd Annual Scientific Meeting,
2012 Direct effect of sclerostin on the mechanical loading response in bovine bone. In: 1st Asia Pacific Bone and Mineral Research Meeting and the Australian & New Zealand Bone & Mineral Society 22nd Annual Scientific Meeting,
2012 Mechanical loading response in trabecular bone is abrogated by sclerostin - A direct demonstration. In: 6th Australian Health and Medical Research Congress 2012,
2012 Sclerostin attenuates the mechanical loading response in trabecular bone. In: Australian Orthopaedic Association - South Australian Branch Annual Scientific Meeting,
2011 Response to loading in ex vivo bovine bone. In: IOF Regionals 2nd Asia-Pacific Osteoporosis and Bone Meeting and ANZBMS Annual Scientific Meeting with JBSMR,
2011 Thoracolumbar compression fracture: should we brace? . In: 41st Malaysian Orthopaedic Association Annual General Meeting / Annual Scientific Meeting & 5th ASEAN Arthroplasty Association Meeting,
2010 Bone formation at posterolateral intertransverse lumbar fusion. In: IIUM Research, Innovation & Invention Exhibition (IRIIE 2010),
2010 Posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion in the New Zealand white rabbit model: surgical techniques. In: IIUM Research, Innovation & Invention Exhibition (IRIIE 2010),
2010 Production of autologous platelet-rich plasma from an animal model. In: IIUM Research, Invention and Innovation Exhibition 2010,
2010 Role of osteocytes in bone response to mechanical loading. In: The Sixth Clare Valley Bone Meeting,
2010 Working with rabbits in orthopaedic research. In: 4th National Workshop on the Care and Management of Laboratory Animal for Research,
2009 Different effect of hydroxyapatite granules in posterolateral spinal fusion in New Zealand white rabbit: a preliminary result. In: Combined Meeting of 39th Malaysian Orthopaedic Association Annual Scientific Meeting & Annual Congress of The World Society for Endoscopic, Navigated & Minimal Invasive Spine Surgery,
2008 An In Vivo Implantation Study in New Zealand White Rabbits for Granular Hydroxyapatite. In: eCM IX MUSCULOSKELETAL TRAUMA: 50 YEARS OF AO RESEARCH,
2008 Clavicular osteotomy approach for difficult shoulder surgery. In: Australian Orthopaedic Association - South Australian Branch Annual Scientific Meeting,
2008 Granules Hydroxyapatite Application In Fractures. In: eCM IX MUSCULOSKELETAL TRAUMA: 50 YEARS OF AO RESEARCH,
2008 Resurfacing arthroplasty for bilateral locked anterior dislocation of the shoulder: A case report. In: Australian Orthopaedic Association South Australian Branch Scientific Meeting,
2008 Symptomatic muscle herniation of the anterior compartment of the forearm from repetitive use of the power grip at work: A case report. In: Australian Orthopaedic Association South Australia Branch Scientific Meeting,
2007 Microsurgical services at the Department of Orthopaedic. In: Fifth SICOT/SIROT Annual International Conference 2007,
2007 MR image reconstruction with autoregressive moving average. In: International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering 2007,
2007 Open achilles tendon rupture. In: Fifth SICOT/SIROT Annual International Conference 2007,
2007 Replantation services in a Malaysian Public Hospital. In: Fifth SICOT/SIROT Annual International Conference 2007,
2007 The use of a made-in- Malaysia Hydroxyapatite (HA) granules (GRANUMAS): early clinical results a one year review. In: Fifth SICOT/SIROT Annual International Conference 2007,
2007 The use of gastrocnemius muscle flap in trauma. In: Fifth SICOT/SIROT Annual Internatinal Conference,
2006 Open achilles tendon rupture: a review of 33 cases. In: 36th Malaysian Orthopaedic Association Annual Garnd Meeting & 2nd Asia Pacific Orthopaedic Association Trauma Section Meeting,
Book Section

2012 The Elbow. In: Hodder Arnold, an imprint of Hodder Education, an Hachette UK Company, ISBN: 9780340942031; 10: 0340942037, pp. 1382-1419
2012 The Elbow. In: Hodder Arnold, an imprint of Hodder Education, an Hachette UK Company, ISBN: 9780340942031; 10: 0340942037, pp. 1382-1419
2007 Clinical applications of gamma-irradiated deep-frozen and lyophilized bone alllografts – the NUH Tissue Bank experience. In: World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd, ISBN: ISBN 13: 9789812705907 ISBN 10: 9812705902, pp. 305-316
2007 Tissue banking in the Asia-Pacific region - past, present, and future. In: World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd, ISBN: ISBN 13: 9789812705907 ISBN 10: 9812705902, pp. 25-54
2005 Role of ceramics as bone graft substitutes. In: World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd, ISBN: ISBN 13: 9789812560896 ISBN 10: 9812560890, pp. 445-458
2005 Role of corals and corraline in orthopaedic surgery. In: World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd, ISBN: ISBN 13: 9789812560896 ISBN 10: 9812560890, pp. 501-511