Staff Directory


Abdul Razak Bin Sapian

Academic Qualification

  • Ph.D in Architecture - Doctor of Philosophy, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)
  • Bachelor in Hons. - Bachelor Degree, University of Dundee
  • Bachelor in Architecture - Bachelor Degree, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Matriculation - Certificate, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)

Abdul Razak Bin Sapian (Prof. Ar. Dr.)

Professor
IIUM Gombak Campus

KULLIYYAH OF ARCHITECTURE AND ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN

Other's position:

Dean, Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design


arazaks@iium.edu.my
5220


Expert Profile


Ar. Dr. Abdul Razak Sapian is a Professor at Department of Architecture, Kulliyyah of Architecture & Environmental Design. Currently he is the Dean at Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design, IIUM. He graduated his first degree in Housing Building & Planning (Hons.), USM in 1993, majoring in Architecture and graduated his Bachelor of Architecture degree from University of Dundee, UK in 1995. In 2003 he obtained his Ph.D. in Architecture from UTM. Professionally he is a registered Professional Architect with Lembaga Arkitek Malaysia (LAM A/A 154) and Corporate Member of Pertubuhan Arkitek Malaysia (PAM M 2089). His areas of specialization are environmental engineering (natural ventilation & thermal comfort, energy and passive design strategy), Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) and housing (High and low rise residential building).
He has published more than 50 articles in reputable international (ISI and Scopus) and local refereed journal as well as presented in many national and international seminars. He also published a numbers of book in the area of his interest such as in architecture, conservation and heritage. Active in research with novelty ideas and product has lead him in participation and won several awards at university, national and international level research exposition such as in IRIIE (IIUM Research, Invention and Innovation Exhibition), ITEX (International Invention and Technology Exhibition), and SIIF (Seoul International Invention Fair). Currently he is also conducting few researches on his area of specialization, among others are as follows; CFD Investigation on the Potential of Solar Induced Ventilation in Enhancing the Stack Ventilation Performance for Hot and Humid Climate. Thermal Performance of Green Wall in Tropical Climate and Possibility of Using Ventilated Facade in Reducing the Indoor Air Temperature of Malaysian Building. In term of supervision, he has and in progress supervising more than 20 postgraduate and more than 50 undergraduate students in IIUM and also outside IIUM as external supervisory committee.
Being a registered professional architect, he is actively involved in related consultancy under the university business arm. Even prior to his appointment as IIUM academic staff in 1989, he has served few public and private organization such as CIDB (Construction Industry Development Board Malaysia) and Architect firms until he successfully setting up his on private practice namely Dr. Abdul Razak Architect. Currently he is involved with the development of IIUM teaching hospital in Kuantan, few Endowment fund Mahallah projects namely Mahallah Syeikh Humaid and LTAT and preparing comprehensive Bako peninsular master plan for Sarawak government. Other consultancy project that he is involved covers residential, commercials and institutional projects either for private and public clients. Because of his vast experience in academic and practice, he was and currently appointed as Committee, Advisor and Board Member as well as External Examiner in many universities and school of architecture locally and internationally such as university of Punjab, University of Kyoto, UCSI, City U, Geomatica College, USM, UKM, UPM, UTM, USIM and UiTM. In Lembaga Architect Malaysia, he is also one of the accreditation committee members for part 1 and part 2 Architecture programme. Working closely with Standard Malaysia and SIRIM as Technical and Working Group committee since 1999 has given him an opportunity to contribute and develop more than 25 Malaysian Standards that related to energy efficient such as MS 1525:2001/2007/2014 Code of Practice on Energy Efficiency and Use of Renewable Energy for Non-Residential Buildings.


Area of Specialisation


  • Engineering Tech ~ Applied Sciences And Technologies ~ Urban Planning ~ Planning of Construction (Including Commercial Building, Community Planning, Construction Open Building, Development Models, Environmental Sustainable Habitat, Industrial Building, Seaport and Airport, Residential, Residential and Public Building, Road, Bridge and Highway, Spatial and Physical Planning, Urban Renewal, Integrated Construction,Intelligent Building, Land Reclamation and Land Readjustment, Dam and Irrigation Systems)
  • Engineering Tech ~ Applied Sciences And Technologies ~ Urban Planning ~ Planning of Construction (Including Commercial Building, Community Planning, Construction Open Building, Development Models, Environmental Sustainable Habitat, Industrial Building, Seaport and Airport, Residential, Residential and Public Building, Road, Bridge and Highway, Spatial and Physical Planning, Urban Renewal, Integrated Construction,Intelligent Building, Land Reclamation and Land Readjustment, Dam and Irrigation Systems) - Passive design startegy in high and low rise residential building
  • Engineering Tech ~ Applied Sciences And Technologies ~ Landscape Architecture and Planning ~ Landscape Ecology - Sustainable and ecological planning and design of land and building
  • Engineering Tech ~ Applied Sciences And Technologies ~ Construction and Project Management ~ Design of Construction (Including of Bridges, Commercial Building, Construction, High Rise Building, Industrial Building, Industrialised Building/Construction System (IBS/ ICS), Port and Airport, Residential, Residential and Public Building, Road and Highway, Seismic and Dynamic Resistant, Structural Design and Assessment, Smart Building, Intelligent Building, Dam and Irrigation Systems) - Using CFD to predict the energy efficiency and conservation in building especially in residential buildings.


Teaching Responsibilities


ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN VI (STUDIO) 2006/2007
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION & MATERIALS 3 2013/2014 2014/2015 2012/2013
BUILDING CONTRACT AND CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION 2006/2007 2008/2009 2007/2008
BUILDING CONTRACT OR CONTRACT DOCUMENTATION 2006/2007 2007/2008 2005/2006
CONSTRUCTION LAW AND PRACTICE 2010/2011 2011/2012 2009/2010 2008/2009
DESIGN THESIS 2004/2005 2003/2004
DESIGN THESIS 1 2009/2010 2011/2012 2010/2011
DESIGN THESIS 2 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 2008/2009
DESIGN WORKSHOP 2018/2019
ENVIRONMENTAL CONSCIOUS DESIGN 2016/2017 2013/2014 2007/2008 2010/2011 2003/2004 2014/2015 2012/2013 2006/2007
HERITAGE STUDIES 2009/2010 2010/2011 2006/2007
INTEGRATED/MULTI-DISCIPLINARY PROJECT 1 2003/2004
LAW AND CONTRACT IN CONSTRUCTION 2017/2018
PRE-DESIGN THESIS 2004/2005
PROFESSIONAL OFFICE PRACTICE & MANAGEMENT 2005/2006
PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE & MANAGEMENT 2 2014/2015 2013/2014 2012/2013 2015/2016
PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE AND OFFICE MANAGEMENT 2007/2008 2008/2009 2006/2007
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY IN ARCHITECTURE 2018/2019 2020/2021 2017/2018 2016/2017 2019/2020
RESEARCH METHODS FOR THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT 2011/2012
RESEARCH METHODS IN ARCHITECTURE 2013/2014


Research Projects


Completed
2018 - 2018 Kajian dan Pembangunan Standard Industri Pembinaan Perumahan Kebangsaan
2015 - 2018 Identifying the Minimum Invasive Active Fire Protection Measures for Malaysian Heritage Buildings Towards Better Preservation of the Built Heritage
2014 - 2018 Development of Cost Modelling Prediction Tool for Green Home
2013 - 2016 The Provision of Research Consultancy for Bako Master Plan Study
2013 - 2017 Development of Ecological Indicators for Islamic Eco-Campus Environment
2013 - 2016 Empirical Evaluation of Aesthetics Preferences and Environmental Performance of Sun Shading Devices Using Carving of Malay Traditional Houses
2010 - 2012 CFD Investigations on the Potential of Solar Induced Ventilation in Enhancing the Stack Ventilation Performance for Hot and Humid Climate.
2007 - 2011 Crime Prevention Through Housing Design and Planning: A Study on Terrace Housing Areas in Kuala Lumpur and Selangor
2007 - 2011 Emulating the Practice of "Buying Off the Plan" in the Housing Industry in Australia: A Feasibility Study for Malaysia
2004 - 2010 The Effect of Wider Frontage of The Terrace House (TH) to Natural Ventilation
On-Going
2019 - Present A Green Operation Practices Framework for Small and Medium Chalet Operators at East Peninsular Malaysia Marine Park Islands
2019 - Present Smart Interior Design (SID) Framework as an Integrated Energy Efficiency Approach for Smart Building and IoT-Driven Future.
2019 - Present A Novel Method in Nurturing Students? Motivation and Resilience Through a Validated Embedded Multi-Dimensional Student Engagement Framework (Use of Gamification) for Higher Learning Institution
2019 - Present Seamless contracting and contractual provisions framework to reinforce BIM collaborative and integrative environment in the Malaysian construction industry
2019 - Present Perunding bidang Rekabentuk Bandar bagi Pelan Pengurusan Pembangunan Persisir Pantai Pekan Kuah-Klebang, Langkawi Kedah
2019 - Present Air Flow Characteristics and Behaviour Around Openings with Various Types of Shading Elements
2018 - Present Kajian Garis Panduan Pembangunan STRATUM dan Kajian Kes
2016 - Present Enhancing the Green Building Index (GBI) Malaysia with Biomimicry Life's Principles (BLP) in Alleviating the Urban Heat Island (UHI) Effect for the Built Environment
2013 - Present The Architecture of Australia's Muslim Pioneers
2013 - Present Regenerative Islamic Heritage Research Unit(RIHRU)
2012 - Present Asean Project Handbook on Core Competencies and Domestic Regulations in the Architecture Services
2012 - Present Integrated Islamic and Environment Friendly Building: A Sustainable Development Model
2012 - Present IIUM Master Plan (Planning Soft and Hard Scape)
2008 - Present Environmental Analysis and Virtual Reality Research Unit (EAVRRU)
2008 - Present (RU 2011) Configuring the Nature of Colonial Hospital Architecture In Peninsular Malaysia-(Series 1)-Special Studies on the Tuberculosis Ward and Hospital Administration Building Typologies of Kota Bharu Hospital.


Award & Recognition


17 Aug, 2020 Best Media Presence - Kulliyyah of Architecture & Enviromental , IIUM KCDIO
04 May, 2019 Silver Medal - 30th International Invention, Innovation & Technology Exhibition 2019 International
05 Aug, 2016 7th Asia's Education Excellence Award (Education Leadership Award) - CMO Asia International
29 Nov, 2012 Gold Medal - Seoul International Invention Fair 2012 International
17 May, 2012 Bronze Medal - 23rd International Invention, Innovation & Technology Exhibition 2012 (ITEX'12) International
17 May, 2012 Bronze Medal - 23rd International Invention, Innovation & Technology Exhibition 2012 International


Publications


Article

2020 Baitul Rahmah: a final evolution of the Malay classical style amidst change. Cultural Syndrome, 2 (1) pp. 78-99
2020 Women in construction boots: the enabling factors from the perspective of female adolescents. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 24 () pp. 1-8
2019 A review of sustainable design in the automotive industry. Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management, 9 (2) pp. 57-68
2019 Natural ventilation for energy efficient office buildings: a comparative analysis on three buildings in Kuala Lumpur. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 11 (4) pp. 252-259
2019 Reviewing and identifying the green criteria in relation to the building cost: project management. Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering Knowledge, 6 (1) pp. 30-34
2018 Mosque : A statement of citizenship. Planning Malaysia, 16 (1) pp. 96-104
2018 Women as skilled labour: A review of issues, challenges and prospects. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7 (3.25) pp. 441-445
2017 CFD modeling of natural ventilation in a void connected to the living units of multi-storey housing for thermal comfort. Energy and Buildings, 144 (1) pp. 1-16
2017 Potential of voids to enhance natural ventilation in Medium Cost Multi-Storey Housing (MCMSH) for hot and humid climate. Potential of Voids to Enhance Natural Ventilation in Medium Cost Multi-Storey Housing (MCMSH) For Hot and Humid Climate, 12 (10) pp. 3137-3144
2017 Translation of social citizenship to architecture & built environment: A methodological review. Planning Malaysia: Journal of the Malaysian Institute of Planners, 15 (1) pp. 235-244
2016 A comparative analysis on materials and resources in green assessment tools for various countries. Key Engineering Materials, 700 () pp. 256-265
2016 Site planning and orientation for energy efficiency: a comparative analysis on three office buildings in Kuala Lumpur to determine a location for building shading device. Key Engineering Materials, 700 () pp. 247-255
2016 The effects of void on natural ventilation performance in multi-storey housing. Buildings, 6 (3) pp. 1-19
2015 Application of solar-induced ventilation prototype in Small and Medium Enterprise building. Indoor and Built Environment, 24 (3) pp. 384-400
2014 Mass flow rate induced by combined roof solar roof collector and vertical stack in hot humid climate. Journal of Green Building, 9 (1) pp. 166-177
2014 The journey of murabbis in architecture pedagogy: the case of studio teaching as laboratory of passion and duty to future khalifas of the built environment. World Applied Sciences Journal, (30) pp. 148-166
2014 Using computational fluid dynamics in the determination of solar collector orientation and stack height of a solar induced ventilation prototype. Pertanika Journal of Social Science & Humanities, 22 (1) pp. 273-288
2013 Thermal comfort investigation in traditional and modern urban canyons in Bandar Abbas, Iran. Pertanika Journal of Social Science & Humanities, 21 (4) pp. 1491-1515
2011 A new concept design of a motorbike with 3D model for the Malaysian market. Journal of Design Research, 9 (1) pp. 16-43
2011 Microclimate and thermal comfort of urban forms and canyons in traditional and modern residential fabrics in Bandar Abbas, Iran. Modern Applied Science, 5 (2) pp. 43-56
2010 Enhancement of stack ventilation in hot and humid climate using a combination of roof solar collector and vertical stack. Building and Environment, 45 (10) pp. 2296-2308
2009 Validation of the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method for predicting wind flow around a high-rise building (HRB) in an urban boundary layer condition. Journal of Construction in Developing Countries, 14 (2) pp. 1-20
2008 Evaluation of residential satisfaction of low-cost housing in Kano state. Al-Risala, (8) pp. 79-94
Conference or Workshop Item

2020 Architectural design for infectious disease facilities: brief design review of case studies from the past & current facilities in Malaysia and around the globe. In: Medical Requirement and Design of Infectious Disease Facilities Workshop,
2019 A review of sustainable design in the automotive industry. In: National landscape Architectural Seminar,
2019 Preserving built heritage through education & research for sustainability: IIUM perspective & experiences. In: Simposium Kerajaan Tempatan Peringkat Kebangsaan 2019,
2018 Past, current and future perspectives of housing development and policy in Malaysia. In: 7th International Conference on Law And Society (ICLAS 7),
2017 Evolution of infectious disease ward design in Malaysia : Case study. In: International Union of Architects’ Public Health Group (UIA-PHG) Annual Meeting,
2017 Retrospect hospital project development from briefing to completion: Case study of IIUM Teaching Hospital experiences. In: Seminar ‘ Lessons Learnt’ : Projek Fasiliti Kesihatan & Hospital,
2014 Extracting the principles of sustainability from the architecture of colonial hospitals in Malaysia: appreciating the past wisdoms as best practices. In: XXVth International Union of Architects World Congress,
2013 Hospital design in tropical Malaysia - towards a green agenda. In: 33rd UIA/PHG International Seminar on Public Healthcare Facilities,
2013 Hospital designs in tropical Malaysia: towards a green agenda. In: UIA-PHG Annual Healthcare Forum + GUPHA Meeting at IIDEX Canada,
2013 The journey of murabbis in architecture pedagogy: The case of studio teaching as laboratory of passion and duty to future khalifas of the built environment. In: International Conference on Innovation Challenges in Multidisciplinary Research & Practice (ICMRP) 2013,
2012 An evaluation of government low cost housing layout plans and facilities in Kuala Lumpur . In: International Conference on Innovation and Technology for Sustainable Built Environment (ICITSBE 2012),
2012 Application of solar induced ventilation prototype in Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) building . In: ITEX 2012,
2012 Development & application of solar induced ventilation prototype for Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) building. In: Seoul International Invention Fair 2012 (SIIF 2012), COEX, Seoul, South Korea,
2012 Development of potential solar induced ventilation strategy in hot and humid climate . In: ITEX 2012,
2012 Natural ventilation around open ground floor or pilotis of high rise residential building: harmonization of modern with traditional housing in tropical areas. In: Archi-Cultural Translations through the Silk Road 2nd International Conference,
2012 Natural ventilation around open round floors with pilotis in high-rise residential buildings in tropical areas: harmonization of modern and traditional housing in tropical areas . In: 2nd International Conference on Archi-Cultural Translations through the Silk Road (iaSU2012 JAPAN),
2012 Reliving the traditional masjid architecture in contemporary world : the case of Masjid Al Falah - KAED Community Project. In: IRIIE 2012,
2012 The shaping of an ibadah friendly hospital : learnings from the bimaristan of the evergreen past and the practicality of today’s demands . In: 8th World Congress and Exhibition on Design and Health 2012,
2010 Configuring the nature of colonial hospital architecture in peninsular Malaysia-serie 1- Special studies on the tuberculosis ward and hospital administration building typologies of Kota Bharu Hospital. In: IIUM Research, Innovation & Invention Exhibition (IRIIE 2010),
2009 An invention of "build-then-sell" in Malaysia via the housing law. In: CIBW 107 Symposium on Construction in Developing Economies: Commonalities Among Diversities,
2009 Property crime prevention in Malaysian housing: Issues and challenges . In: UMRAN 2009: Healing The World,
2008 Evaluation of residential satisfaction of low-cost housing in Kano state. In: 7th Annual Conference Management in Construction Researchers' Associations MICRA 2008,
2007 Effect of staggered housing layout on internal airflow of houses in Malaysia. In: 24th International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture (PLEA 2007),
2005 Open space for people: an overview of open space typologies and utilization in Kuala Lumpur. In: The 6th International Seminar on Sustainable Environment and Architeecture (SENVAR),
2004 The association between landscape design elements and human activities in hot humid outdoor urban spaces - case studies in Kuala Lumpur city. In: JSPS-VCC Seminar on Passive Design Considerations in Built Environment,
2003 Air velocity behavior at courtyards in the tropical climate : case studies of courtyards at IIUM Campus. In: Seminar on Advances in Malaysia Energy Research,
2002 Towards a sustainable environment: an analysis on courtyards microclimate in the tropical region. In: Building Research and the Sustainability of the Built Environment in the Tropics,
2000 Air velocity behaviour at tropical urban plazas adjacent to tall buildings: a case study of Kuala Lumpur. In: Sustainable Environment Architecture (SENVAR),
Book

2013 Istana Kuala Cegar: nostalgic splendour behind a humble facade. IIUM Press, ISBN: 978-967-418-272-4
2013 Rumah Tok Menteri II: a continuation of generations. IIUM Press, ISBN: 978-967-418-255-7
2011 Tracer study 2011 First Degree and Post Graduates: International Islamic University Malaysia. Alumni and Career Services Division, International Islamic University Malaysia, ISBN: 798-967-10826-1-4
Book Section

2016 Reminiscing traditional masjid architecture in a contemporary world: The making of Masjid Al-Falah. In: Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design, IIUM, ISBN: 978-983-3142-33-0, pp. 199-206
2016 Reminiscing traditional masjid architecture in a contemporary world: The making of Masjid Al-Falah. In: Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design, IIUM, ISBN: 978-983-3142-33-0, pp. 199-206