Staff Directory


Abdul Ghafur Hamid @ Khin Maung Sein

Academic Qualification

  • PhD in Law - Doctor of Philosophy, International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Master in International Trade Law - Masters Degree, University of Yangon
  • Bachelor in International Laws - Bachelor Degree, University of Yangon
  • Bachelor in Law - Bachelor Degree, University of Yangon

Abdul Ghafur Hamid @ Khin Maung Sein (Prof. Dr.)

Professor
IIUM Gombak Campus

AHMAD IBRAHIM KULLIYYAH OF LAWS


ghafur@iium.edu.my
4393


Expert Profile


Professor Ghafur obtained his LL.B. and LL.M. in International Law from the University of Yangon, Myanmar, and his Ph.D in Law from the. He started his teaching career at the Department of Law, University of Yangon in 1972. He founded the Department of Law at the University of Mandalay in 1988 and in 1992 he returned to his alma mater, the University of Yangon. Again in 1994, he founded the Department of Law of the University of Dagon and worked there as an associate professor and the Head of the Department of Law until 1997 when he migrated to Malaysia. He is currently a Professor of Law and Coordinator of International Law and Maritime Affairs (ILMA) Research Unit of the IIUM.
He is an expert in International Law of the Sea, Maritime Law and International Trade Law and has special research interests in carriage of goods by sea, Private International Law, Law Of International Institutions, and International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law. He has completed a research project on "Reforming Laws Relating to the Protection of Marine Environment in Malaysia", granted by the Law Reform Committee of the Prime Minister's Department of Malaysia. His on-going research project is entitled: "Formulating a Legal Framework for sustaining Maritime Security in Malaysia", a Fundamental Research Grant (FRGS) funded by the Ministry of Education, Malaysia. With his more than 40 years of teaching and research experience, he has authored or edited 17 books and published numerous articles in international and refereed journals.
Professor Ghafur is a life member of the Maritime Institute of Malaysia (MIMA), a member of the Asian Society of International Law, an editorial board member of the Journal of East Asia and International Law and the editor of the IIUM Law Journal.


Area of Specialisation


  • Social Science ~ Social Science ~ Law ~ Maritime Law (Including Admiralty Law) - Maritime Law; Shipping Law; Law of Carriage of Goods by Sea
  • Social Science ~ Social Science ~ Law ~ International Law (Including Public and Private International Law, Law of the Sea, International Trade Law) - Public and Private International Law; Law of the Sea; International Trade Law; International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law; Law of International Organizations


Professional Membership


  • 2008 - 2021: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Member), Asian Society of International Law
  • 2010 - 2021: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Life Member), Maritime Institutute of Malaysia


Teaching Responsibilities


CARRIAGE OF GOODS BY SEA 2018/2019
CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN INTERNATIONAL LAW 2020/2021 2019/2020
INTER. LAW & IMPACT ON ADMIN. OF ISLAMIC LAW 2012/2013
INTER. LAW CONVENTIONS & ISLAMIC HUMAN RIGHTS 2008/2009 2009/2010 2007/2008
INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW 2012/2013
INTERNATIONAL LAW OF THE SEA 2015/2016 2012/2013 2013/2014 2011/2012 2018/2019 2016/2017 2010/2011
INTERNATIONAL TRADE LAW 2007/2008 2016/2017 2011/2012 2009/2010 2014/2015 2018/2019 2004/2005 2012/2013 2019/2020 2008/2009 2006/2007 2015/2016 2005/2006 2003/2004
INTRODUCTION TO PUBLIC INT. LAW 2020/2021 2019/2020
LAW OF CONTRACT I 2016/2017 1996/1997 1998/1999
LAW OF CONTRACT II 2016/2017 1997/1998
LAW OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS 2015/2016
LAW OF THE INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTIONS 2012/2013
LAW OF THE UN & THE REGULATION OF USE OF FORC 2020/2021 2017/2018 2015/2016 2014/2015 2012/2013 2019/2020 2018/2019 2016/2017
LAW OF TORTS I 1999/2000 1998/1999 2003/2004
LAW OF TORTS II 2000/2001 2002/2003 2001/2002 2003/2004 1999/2000 1998/1999
MALAYSIAN BUSINESS LAW (FOR ENM) 2000/2001
PRINCIPLES OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 2015/2016
PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW 2015/2016 2012/2013 2013/2014 2017/2018 2014/2015 2019/2020 2018/2019
PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW 1999/2000 2000/2001
PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW I 2015/2016 2007/2008 2005/2006 2012/2013 2018/2019 2017/2018 2008/2009 2013/2014 2011/2012 2000/2001 2016/2017 2006/2007 2009/2010 2004/2005
PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW II 2002/2003 2003/2004 2014/2015 2001/2002 2017/2018 2004/2005 2006/2007 2008/2009 2009/2010 2007/2008 2016/2017 2020/2021 2005/2006 2010/2011 2019/2020 2015/2016
THE LAW OF THE UN & REGULATION OF USE OF FORC 2012/2013


Research Projects


Completed
2017 - 2017 Malaysia's Accession to the Hague Children's Conventions: The Feasibility Analysis
2016 - 2019 Establishing the Legal Framework for Resolving Private International Law Issues Arising from Matrimonial Disputes in Malaysia
2014 - 2014 Legal Opinion on Lionex Malaysia Sendirian Berhad
2013 - 2016 Formulation of a Legal Framework for Sustaining Maritim Security in Malaysia
2012 - 2015 Developing a legal framework for promoting child protection in malaysia by means of intercountry adoption
2011 - 2011 Reforming Laws relating to the Protection of the Marine Environment in Malaysia
2010 - 2013 A Study on the Malaysian Regulatory Framework Relating to the Law of the Sea: Issues and Prospects
2010 - 2012 The Right of Hot Pursuit and Maritime Enforcement in Malaysia: Constraints and Restraints
2009 - 2010 Sovereignty over Pedra Branca/ Pulau Batu Putih: The Judgement of the ICJ and A Critical Analysis of Its Legal Implications
2008 - 2009 The right of self - defence in the context of International Terrorism : A reappraisal of legal and policy consideration
2007 - 2008 Internal Application of international law: An Analysis of State Practice and the Malaysian Position
2007 - 2008 Liberalization of Distribution Service: The Impact of Foreign Hyper-markets in Malaysia
2007 - 2010 The Law and Practice of International Trade: A Malaysian Perspective
2004 - 2007 New Horizons in International Laws
On-Going
2019 - Present Malaysia's Accession to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court: Legal Implications and the Law Reforms that Need to be Made to Implement it
2008 - Present International Law and Maritime Affairs Research Unit (ILMA)
2004 - Present Trade, Regulation and Policy Research Unit


Award & Recognition


19 Feb, 2013 Silver Medal Award in the 2013 Research, Invention and Innovation Exhibition (IRIIE 2013) - IIUM University
08 Dec, 2011 Best Library Partner Award, 2011 - IIUM Library University
11 Jul, 2006 Quality Award - (b) Quality Researcher Award, International Islamic University Malaysia University
11 Jul, 2005 Quality Award - (a) Best Teacher Award, International Islamic University Malaysia University


Publications


Article

2021 Will there be fair access to vaccine?. The Malaysian Insight, 7 January 2021 () pp. 1-2
2020 Determination of a child’s habitual residence in international child abduction cases: charting the way towards harmonization. IIUM Law Journal, 28 (2) pp. 481-501
2020 Dire Need to address living conditions of migrant workers. Malaysiakini, () pp.
2020 Protection of child offenders at the pre-trial process in Malaysia: Are we doing enough?. Environment Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 5 (S13) pp. 285-288
2020 River pollution and class action in rakyat's interest. Malaysiakini, 15 December 2020 () pp.
2020 The Syrian crisis under the shadow of power politics: whither the role of international law?. Obafemi Awolowo University Law Journal, 3 (2) pp. 417-444
2019 Jurisdictional conflict in interfaith child custody disputes: a legal discourse in Malaysian courts. Al-Shajarah: Journal of The International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization (ISTAC), 24 (1) pp. 1-24
2019 Malaysia and the Rome statute: the issue of sovereignty. IIUM Law Journal, 27 (2) pp. 279-316
2019 Refining maritime boundary delimitation methodology: the search for predictability and certainty. IIUM Law Journal, 27 (1) pp. 35-61
2018 Determining fundamental breach in international sale of goods: taming the unruly horse?. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 26 (S) pp. 171-178
2018 International parental child abduction in the Malaysian Legal context: addressing issues and the way forward. IIUM Law Journal, 26 (2) pp. 275-306
2018 International parental child abduction in the Malaysian legal context: issues and the way forward. IIUM Law Journal, 26 (2) pp. 275-306
2017 Filling the legal vacuum in combatting maritime crimes: A law reform strategy for Malaysia. International Journal of Public Law and Policy (IJPLAP), 6 (1) pp. 1-20
2017 Protecting asylum-seekers prior to determination of refugee status: reinterpreting the refugee convention and assessing contemporary state practice on non-refoulement. IIUM Law Journal, 25 (1) pp. 29-61
2017 The applicability of the 1980 Hague Abduction Convention in Muslim countries: particular reference to the Malaysian position. Arab Law Quarterly, 32 (2) pp. 99-128
2016 Combating piracy and armed robbery against ships: international cooperation in high risk areas . Malayan Law Journal Articles, 1 () pp. 1-8
2016 Entrusting coast guards with maritime law enforcement powers: lessons for Malaysia. IIUM Law Journal, 24 (1) pp. 83-106
2016 Reoffending among the child offenders in Malaysia: it's time to open our doors to theories underpinning diversionary measures. The Social Sciences, 11 (Special Issue 6) pp. 7274-7278
2016 The pre-trial detention of child offenders: some evidence from Malaysia. The Social Sciences, 11 (special issue 6) pp. 7210-7214
2015 Airline passengers’ screening: an appraisal from the Islamic law perspective. IIUM Law Journal, 23 (1) pp. 133-148
2015 Combating terrorism and the use of force against a state: a relook at the contemporary world order. Journal of East Asia and International Law, 8 (1) pp. 107-131
2015 Study the effect of kidney stones on serum xanthine oxidase, ecto-5’-nucleotidase activity and e3 sumo-protein ligase nse2 (NSMCE2) in Malaysian individuals. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 5 (8) pp. 665-668
2014 Balancing marine environmental protection and global trade: regulating maritime sector in Malaysia. Journal of Contemporary Management Sciences , 1 (1) pp. 15-29
2014 Combating piracy and armed robbery against ships: international cooperation in high risk areas. Malaysian Court Practice Bulletin, 1 () pp. 1-6
2014 Combating piracy under the United Nations convention on the Law of the Sea 1982. Journal of The Law Indian Institute, 56 (3) pp. 320-347
2014 Combating unlawful acts against the safety of maritime navigation under the sua convention. Indian Journal of International Law, 54 (1) pp. 147-176
2014 Erecting Malaysia's 'maritime fence' over the straits of Malacca and Singapore. AALCO Journal of International Law, 3 (1 ) pp. 111-120
2014 Prosecution of pirates under international law: in Limbo. Malayan Law Journal, 4 () pp. lxxxiv-xcvii
2013 Main causes of civilian vulnerability in a non- international armed conflict: An appraisal of the legal factors. Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 2 (4) pp. 201-209
2012 Assessing the Viability of the 2005 Protocol to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation . Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 6 (11) pp. 137-144
2011 Case concerning sovereignty over Pulau Batu Puteh: a critical analysis of its legal implications. Malayan Law Journal, 3 () pp. 30-61
2011 Current legal developments international court of justice. International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, 26 (2) pp. 335-342
2011 Pedra Branca judgment and beyond: issues and challenges in its implementation by Malaysia and Singapore. International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, 26 (2) pp. 335-342
2011 Prompt release of vesel and crew under article 292 of the UNCLOS: Is It An adequate safeguard against the powers of coastal states?. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 7 (13) pp. 2421-2431
2009 Islamic International Law and the right of self-defence of states. Journal of East Asia and International Law, 2 (1) pp. 67-101
2009 Reservations to CEDAW and the implementation of Islamic family law: issues and challenges. Malaysian Journal of Human Rights, 3 (1) pp. 69-94
2008 The defence of superior orders, manifest illegality principle and the statute of the International Criminal Court. Asian Journal of International Law, 3 (1-2) pp. 1-30
2008 The WTO rules versus multilateral environmental agreements: the search for reconciliation. Macquarie Journal of International and Comparative Environmental Law (MqJICEL), 5 (1) pp. 57-79
Conference or Workshop Item

2020 Can States take action against China for the global spread of COVID 19?. In: Online Forum,
2019 Incorporating the Rome statute in the Malaysian national legal system: issues and challenges. In: Symposium on Malaysia’s Accession to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court,
2018 Islands versus rocks: claims over maritime entitlements and interpretation of Article 121 of the UNCLOS. In: Joint International Conference on Maritime Territorial Claims & Dispute Resolution 2018,
2018 The amendment to the Act of 1964: reconciling the irreconcilability. In: 7th International Conference on Law And Society (ICLAS 7),
2017 Outsourcing justice and the emergence of consumer ombudsman regulatory framework in the United Kingdom. In: International Conference on Dispute Resolution 2017 - Modern Trends in Effective Dispute Resolution,
2017 Outsourcing justice and the emergence of consumer ombudsman regulatory framework in the United Kingdom. In: International Conference on Dispute Resolution 2017 - Modern Trends in Effective Dispute Resolution,
2017 Recent amendment to the Malaysian Family Law: A step to resolve interfaith custody disputes. In: 16th World Conference of the International Society of Family Law,
2017 Refining the maritime boundary delimitation approach through decisions of international courts: towards predictability and certainty. In: International Conference on Dispute Resolution (ICDR) 2017,
2017 Resolving conflict of law issues in parental child abduction: Mediation as an effective mechanism. In: International Conference on Dispute Resolution 2017 - Modern Trends in Effective Dispute Resolution,
2017 The applicability of the 1980 Hague Abduction convention in Muslim countries: a particular reference to the Malaysian position. In: 6th Biennial Conference of the Asian Society of International Law 2017,
2017 Violence against women and children in conflict zones: legal protection. In: International Conference on Psychological and Legal Protection of Women and Children in Conflict Zones 2017,
2016 Determining fundamental breach in international sale of goods: taming the unruly horse?. In: 5th International Conference on Law and Society (ICLAS V) 2016,
2016 Relevant international law relating to treaties. In: Drafting of International Instruments: All You Need to Know.,
2015 "Maritime security and the need for a maritime offenses law in Malaysia: a critical appraisal". In: The 5th Biennial Conference of the Asian Society of International Law,
2015 Developing a legal framework for promoting child protection in Malaysia by means of intercountry adoption. In: 4th International Conference on Law & Society (ICLAS IV) 2015 ,
2015 Malaysia's accession to the Rome Statute of the ICC: challenges and the way ahead. In: PGA Parliamentary South-East Asia Sub-regional Seminar on the International Rule of Law and the Protection of Civilians,
2014 Balancing marine environmental protection and global trade: regulating maritime sector in Malaysia. In: International Research Conference on Business, Economics and Social Sciences, IRC-2014,
2014 Combatting maritime offences in Malaysia: an analysis of legal and procedural loopholes . In: International Conference on Law, Order and Criminal Justice 2014,
2014 Fortifying horn of Africa with the Djibouti code of conduct in combating piracy and armed robbery against ships: myth or reality. In: 11th ASLI Conference 2014: Law in Asia: Balancing Tradition and Modernization,
2014 International cooperation and the case for multilateralism: an analysis from International law perspective. In: 5th CILS International Conference on International Cooperation 2014,
2013 Combating terrorism and the use of force against a state: a re-look at the contemporary world order. In: the Asian Conference on Politics, Economics and Law (ACPEL 2013),
2013 The application of CEDAW Convention in Muslim countries: issues and challenges. In: National Conference on Human Rights in Islam: Issues and Challenges (CHRI2013),
2012 Muslim states and implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child: A special reference to Malaysia. In: International Conference: Islam and International Law,
2012 Seaweed and mangrove issues from International Law perspective. In: Workshop on Marine Environment Pollution,
2011 Prompt release obligation in the jurisprudence of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea. In: 8th Asian Law Institute Conference (ASLI),
2011 Protective complementarity: an effective machinery to implement the Rome Statute. In: 2nd PGA Asia-Pasific Parliamentary Consultation on the Universality of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC),
2011 The enforcement of international humanitarian law through national and international criminal justice. In: The 6th Southeast and East Asian Teaching Sessions on International Humanitarian Law,
2011 The principle of distinction and the protection of civilians. In: International Humanitarian Conference: "Protecting Civilians in Time of Armed Conflicts: The Shari'ah and International Humanitarian Law Perspectives",
2010 Main causes of civilian harm in non-international armed conflicts. In: Regional Workshop on "Protection of Civilians under International Humanitarian Law",
2010 Rotterdam Rules or Hybrid: the likelihood for harmonization. In: MIMA Seminar on "The UNCITRAL Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea (Rotterdam Rules) and Its Implication to Malaysian Shippers, Carriers and Consignees",
2010 The blockade of Gaza and international law. In: Luncheon Talk and Launching of LL.M. in International Law Programme,
2009 Legal research: how to write a successful thesis. In: Postgraduate Research Workshop,
2009 Sovereignty over Pedra Branca/Pulau Batu Puteh: the judgment of the ICJ and a critical analysis of its legal implications. In: 6th Asian Law Institute Conference,
2009 The legal regime of straits used for international navigation. In: IDFR Maritime Seminar Series - Straits of Malacca,
2007 Balancing the rights of the coastal state in its exclusive economic zone and freedom of navigation of other states: an analysis of the practice of Asian countries. In: The 4th Asian Law Institute (ASLI) Conference "Voice from asia for a just and equitable world",
Book

2019 Public international law: a practical approach, 4th ed.. Thomson Reuters Asia Sdn Bhd, ISBN: 978-967-2187-76-9
2017 International Conference on Dispute Resolution (ICDR 2017) proceedings. Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws, International Islamic University Malaysia, ISBN: 9789834309060
2012 Basic Documents in International Law, 4th. ed.. Harun M. Hashim Law Centre, Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws, ISBN: 9789834476328
2012 Human rights law: international, Malaysian and Islamic perspectives. Sweet and Maxwell Asia, ISBN: 978-967-5 040-8-70
2011 Public international law: a practical approach, 3rd ed. . Sweet & Maxwell Asia, ISBN: 9789675040719 (Soft Cover) 9789675040702 (Hard Cover)
2009 Basic documents in international law, 3rd ed.. Harun M. Hashim Law Centre, IIUM, ISBN: 9789834476311
2009 The theory and practice of international law : responses to a variety of international legal issues. Serials publications, ISBN: 9788183872928
2007 Basic documents in international laws, 2nd edition. Harun M. Hashim Law Centre, International Islamic University Malaysia, ISBN:
2007 Public international law : a practical approach / 2nd ed.. Prentice Hall/ Pearson Malaysia, ISBN: 9789833927180
2000 Essential cases and materials on International law. Law Centre IIUM, ISBN: 983-40413-2-2
Book Section

2019 Malaysia (Application of International Law in Malaysia). In: Oxford University Press, ISBN: 978-0-19-879385-4, pp. 458-476
2016 The application of CEDAW Convention in Muslim countries: special reference to the Malaysian position. In: IIUM Press, ISBN: 978-967-418-418-6, pp. 231-256
2016 The application of CEDAW Convention in Muslim countries: special reference to the Malaysian position. In: IIUM Press, ISBN: 978-967-418-418-6, pp. 231-256
2013 Muslim states and the implementation of the convention on the rights of the child: with special reference to Malaysia. In: Brill: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, ISBN: 978-9900-04-23335-5 (hardback) 978-90-04-23336-2 (e-book), pp. 290-308
2012 Enforcement : the key human rights challenge. In: Sweet and Maxwell Asia, ISBN: 978-967-5040-87-0, pp. 37-56
2012 The right to liberty : a pillar of freedom in a democratic society. In: Sweet and Maxwell Asia, ISBN: 978-967-5040-87-0, pp. 87-104
2011 The international tribunal for the law of the sea and the significance of urgent proceedings. In: IIUM Press, ISBN: 978-967-0225-42-5, pp. 141-170
2011 The World Court: The Bulwark of International Justice. In: IIUM Press, ISBN: 978-967-0225-42-5, pp. 109-140
2010 Mediation in international disputes: a useful tool for peace-making and preventive diplomacy. In: Lexis Nexis Malaysia, ISBN: 9789675371844, pp. 367-384
2010 Mediation in international disputes: a useful tool for peace-making and preventive diplomacy. In: Lexis Nexis Malaysia, ISBN: 9789675371844, pp. 367-384
2009 Establishing a link between trade and the protection of human rights. In: Serials Publications, ISBN: 9788183872928, pp. 133-160
2009 Establishing a link between trade and the protection of human rights. In: Serials Publications, ISBN: 9788183872928, pp. 133-160
2009 The defence of superior orders, manifest illegality principle and the statute of the international criminal court. In: Serials Publications, ISBN: 9788183872928, pp. 1-30
2009 The WTO tarade policy regimes and the welfare discourse: searching for the symbiosis. In: Serials Publications, ISBN: 9788183872928, pp. 205-230
2009 The WTO tarade policy regimes and the welfare discourse: searching for the symbiosis. In: Serials Publications, ISBN: 9788183872928, pp. 205-230