Staff Directory


Khairayu Bt. Badron

Academic Qualification

  • Doctor of Philosophy (Engineering) - Doctor of Philosophy, International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Master of Science (Communication Engineering) - Masters Degree, International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Bachelor of Engineering (Communication) (Hons) - Bachelor Degree, International Islamic University Malaysia

Khairayu Bt. Badron (Assoc. Prof. Ir. Dr.)

Associate Professor
IIUM Gombak Campus

KULLIYYAH OF ENGINEERING


khairayu@iium.edu.my
5960


Area of Specialisation


  • Engineering Tech ~ Engineering And Technology ~ Communication Engineering ~ Satellite Communications - satellite communication, radar data and wireless RF propagation


Professional Membership


  • 2019: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (AJK), PERINTIS
  • 2019: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Member), Instituition of Engineers Malaysia (IEM)
  • 2019 - 2022: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Member), Instituition of Engineers Malaysia (IEM)
  • 2019 - 2020: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Commitee Members), Persatuan Saintis Muslim Malaysia
  • 2019: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Professional Engineer), Board of Engineers Malaysia
  • 2019: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Professional Engineer), Board of Engineers Malaysia
  • 2019 - 2022: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Professional Engineer), Board of Engineers Malaysia


Teaching Responsibilities


CIRCUIT ANALYSIS 2017/2018 2016/2017 2015/2016
COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING 2019/2020 2018/2019
COMMUNICATION SYSTEM 2023/2024 2022/2023
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS 2024/2025 2024-2025 2023/2024
COMMUNICATIONS ENGINEERING LAB I 2020/2021 2019/2020 2018/2019 2008/2009 2007/2008
DATA AND COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS 2023/2024
ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING LAB I 2021/2022 2020/2021 2019/2020 2018/2019 2016/2017
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING LAB 2017/2018 2016/2017
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING LAB 1 2023/2024 2022/2023 2021/2022
ENGINEERING ETHICS FROM ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE 2019/2020
ENGINEERING LAB I 2012/2013 2011/2012 2008/2009
ENGINEERING LAB II 2012/2013 2011/2012 2008/2009
FAMILY MANAGEMENT & PARENTING 2017/2018 2016/2017
FINAL YEAR PROJECT 1 2020/2021 2019/2020
FINAL YEAR PROJECT I 2023/2024 2019/2020 2018/2019
FINAL YEAR PROJECT II 2022/2023 2021/2022 2018/2019
FUNDAMENTAL OF COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING 2020/2021 2019/2020 2018/2019 2017/2018
FUNDEMENTAL OF COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING 2017/2018 2016/2017
INTEGRATED DESIGN PROJECT 2018/2019 2017/2018
SEMINAR 2018/2019 2007/2008
SEMINAR I 2007/2008
SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS 2023/2024 2022/2023 2021/2022 2020/2021
USRAH IN ACTION 1 2023/2024 2022/2023 2021/2022
USRAH IN ACTION 2 2023/2024 2022/2023


Supervision


Development Of Enhanced Fbmc And Dynamic Spectrum Allocation Scheme For Interference Mitigation In 5g Heterogeneous Network.
Ph.D Completed 2023 Co-supervisor
Frequency Scaling Techniques To Estimate Milimeter Wave Rain Attenuation For Satellite Link In Tropical Region.
Ph.D Completed 2023 Co-supervisor
Free Space Path Loss Formulation For Tropical Region.
Ph.D Completed 2021 Main Supervisor
Determination Of Specific Attenuation For Satellite Links In Equatorial-Tropical Region .
Ph.D Completed 2020 Co-supervisor
Estimation Of Radar Reflectivity-Rainfall Rate(Z-R) Relationships For Early Warning And Detection.
Ph.D In Progress Main Supervisor
Fade Dynamics Characteristic Analysis On Ka-Band In Malaysia.
Ph.D In Progress Main Supervisor
Fade Ma Rgin Estin1ations For Military X-Baod Satellite Communication Links.
Ph.D In Progress Co-supervisor
Development Of A 3 Layer Structure Rain Attenuation Prediction Model For Enhanced Satellite Links Based On Radar Data In Malaysia.
Ph.D In Progress Co-supervisor
Effects Of Rain On Millimeter Wave Channel Modeling For 5g Based On Measurement In Malaysia.
Ph.D In Progress Co-supervisor
A Reliable And Cost-Effective Model To Enhance The Robustness Of A Geostationary Satellite Control Earth Station System.
Master Completed 2023 Co-supervisor
Evaluation Of Site Diversity Mitigation Techniques For Satellite Services For Ku And Ka-Band In Malaysia.
Master Completed 2022 Main Supervisor
Effects Of Integration Time On Rain Rate Distributions For Microwave Link Design Based On Measurement In Malaysia.
Master Completed 2021 Co-supervisor
Automatic Satellite Tracking System On A Movable Platform.
Master Completed 2020 Main Supervisor
Time Diversity Analysis Based On Predicted Rain Attenuation At Ka And V Bands Using Synthetic Storm Technique.
Master Completed 2020 Co-supervisor
Evaluation Of Siso-Ofdm And Mimo-Ofdm Channel'S Performance Using Experiment Set Up And Simulations.
Master Completed 2020 Co-supervisor
Intelligent Positioning System For Television Receive Only (Tvro) Station Using Global Navigation Satellite Systems (Gnss).
Master Completed 2019 Main Supervisor
Time Diversity Analysis For Rain Fade Mitigation In Satellite Links Based On Rain Rate Data .
Master Completed 2019 Co-supervisor
Investigation On The Effectiveness Of Dynamic Spectrum Allocation Technique To Mitigate Cross-Tier Interference In Lte Heterogeneous Network.
Master Completed 2018 Co-supervisor
Investigation On The Effectiveness Of Dynamic Spectrum Allocation Technique To Mitigate Cross-Tier Interference In Lte Heterogeneous Network.
Master Completed 2018 Co-supervisor
The Development Of Tropical Flood Estimation Technique Derived From Weather Radar Information.
Master Completed 2017 Co-supervisor
Integrated River Basin Monitoring And Flood Warning System.
Master Completed 2017 Co-supervisor
Development Of An Intuitive Link Budget Tool For Military Satellite Communications.
Master Completed 2017 Co-supervisor


Research Projects


Completed
2022 - 2023 Pelestarian Alam Sekitar untuk Kesejahteraan Manusia dan Kesihatan Planet
2021 - 2021 TRAININGS ON ELECTRICITY MODULES AND FUNDAMENTAL OF GEOPHYSICS ON UNDERGROUND UTILITY DETECTION SURVEY FOR MALAYSIAN CHARTERED LAND SURVEYORS
2020 - 2023 Design of a Sustainability Framework to Enhance the Robustness of Satellite Communication System
2018 - 2023 INTEGRATED CARBON EMISSION MONITORING USING IOT FOR KUALA LUMPUR CITY CENTRE
2017 - 2017 TNB Wireless Network in AMI- Modeling and Analysis Time Critical Communications
2016 - 2018 Development of Rain Fading Characteristics for Tropical Stratiform and Convective Events for High Frequency Satellite Link in Malaysia
2016 - 2019 Modeling of Multiband / Wideband Stack Series Array Antenna Configuration for 5G Application
2016 - 2019 Derivation of a Modified Free Space Path Loss (FSPL) Formulation for Satellite Links Fade Margin Operating in Malaysia
2016 - 2020 An Investigation to Identify Possible Technological Challenges in the 5G Wireless Heterogeneous Network
2015 - 2017 Development of a Revised Free Space Path Loss (FSPL) Formulation for a more Reliable Satellite Link Fade Margin in Tropical Region
2012 - 2015 RU 2011: Rain Fade Mitigation Technique Time-Diversity for Future Millimeter-Wave Satellite Communication
2008 - 2012 Issue of Reliable Communications at Frequencies Bands Above 25GHz in the Tropics
On-Going
2023 - Present Hybrid Computational Model of Reflectivity Values and Rain Cell Size for Improved Flood Disaster Prediction
2021 - Present Estimation of Radar Reflectivity-Rainfall Rate (Z-R) Relationships for Early Warning and Detection System
2020 - Present Transfer of Drones Assisted Precision Farming and Data Analytics Skill for Malaysian Farmers to Mitigating Food Insecurity and Poverty Post COVID-19
2019 - Present Empirical Studies of Diurnal Variability and Cloud Effects on Solar Ultraviolet Radiation for augmented Skin Vitamin D synthesis.
2019 - Present Sustainable Development Goals for Digital Entrepreneurship ? assesment of technological requirements, beyond computers and internet access
2018 - Present Investigation of Techniques to Mitigate Interference in Multi-Tiers Heterogeneous Wireless Network
2018 - Present IIUM-UNIVERSITY LIMOGES (FRANCE) JOINT COLLABORATION PROGRAMME
2018 - Present IIUM-UNIVERSITY OF LIMOGES(FRANCE) JOINT COLLABORATION PROGRAMME
2017 - Present Profiling Radar Reflectivity as Improved Fade Margin Estimator for Reliable Future Ka-band Satellite link in Equatorial Region
2015 - Present Assembly of Ingenious Automatic Satellite Signal Tracking System for Maritime Vessel
2011 - Present Empirical Conversion of Rainfall Rate Distribution for Various Integration Time in Malaysia
2011 - Present IIUM STRATEGIC TECHNOLOGIES AND ENGINEERING UNIT (ISTEU)
2011 - Present IIUM STRATEGIC TECHNOLOGIES AND ENGINEERING UNIT (ISTEU)


Award & Recognition


21 Oct, 2019 Assessor - International Islamic University Malaysia University
08 Oct, 2019 Professional Engineer (IR) - Lembaga Jurutera Malaysia National
01 Aug, 2019 Board of Engineer Malaysia - Professional Engineer (IR) National
01 Dec, 2018 Consultancy and Advisory Awards - Kuliyyah of Engineering KCDIO
21 Nov, 2018 Grant Evaluator - Malaysian Communication And Multimedia Comission National
25 Oct, 2018 Assesor - KENMS BBA Entreprenuer week University
01 Jul, 2018 Best Mahallah Award - University


Publications


Article

2023 An enhanced dynamic spectrum allocation method on throughput maximization in urban 5g FBMC heterogeneous network. Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences, 55 (1) pp. 40-51
2023 Development of a mobile application for effective mental health intervention. International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security, 23 (8) pp. 33-39
2023 Estimating losses at 40-GHz downlink using non-meteorological techniques in heavy rain areas. TELKOMNIKA Telecommunication Computing Electronics and Control, 21 (4) pp. 711-717
2023 Estimation of satellite link’s fade margin using non-meteorological technique and worst month analysis. International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 13 (4) pp. 4136-4144
2022 Analysis of tropospheric ccintillation in Ku-band in Malaysian tropical climate. Advances in Space Research, 69 (10) pp. 3584-3596
2022 Empirical measurement for path loss characteristics at multiple frequency bands from 2.2 to 14.6 GHz in chamber room. TELKOMNIKA Telecommunication Computing Electronics and Control, 20 (3) pp. 519-526
2022 Generation and analysis of 5G downlink signal. Journal of Advanced Research in Applied Sciences and Engineering Technology, 26 (1) pp. 23-30
2022 Ku-band specific attenuation coefficients for high-throughput satellites in equatorial region. TELKOMNIKA Telecommunication Computing Electronics and Control, 20 (4) pp. 722-730
2022 Rain attenuation at c, ku and ka bands determined using earthsatellite link beacon signals in tropical region. Defence S & T Technical Bulletin, 15 (2) pp. 214-221
2020 3G & 4G Signal services assessments for fisherman community digital entrepreneurships at East Coast Malaysia. Solid State Technology, 63 (6) pp. 7696-7705
2020 Modelling of rain rate gain to mitigate rain fades for satellite links design. Technology Reports of Kansai University, 62 (7) pp. 4157-4169
2020 Observed received signal level of RazakSAT S-band space to earth satellite transmission during nighttime. Solid State Technology, 63 (6) pp. 7618-7630
2020 Site diversity mitigation techniques for satellite services for KA-band. Solid State Technology, 63 (6) pp. 8012-8022
2020 Study of microstrip patch array antenna for side lobe suppression in the x-band region using uniform, binomial and tschebyscheff excitation methods. IIUM Engineering Journal, 21 (1) pp. 61-72
2020 Study of tropospheric scintillation effects in Ku-band frequency for satellite communication system. International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE), 10 (3) pp. 3136-3144
2019 Investigation of time diversity gain for earth to satellite link using rain rate gain. Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics, 8 (3) pp. 951-959
2019 Two-year rain fade empirical measurement and statistics of earth-space link at ka-band in Malaysia. ASM Science Journal, ( Special Issu ) 12 (2) pp. 35-46
2018 Design and optimization of ultra-wideband antipodal vivaldi antenna for radar and microwave imaging application. Sindh University Research Journal (Science Series), 50 (3D) pp. 6-9
2018 Determination of correlation coefficients for RazakSAT received signals. International Journal of Future Generation Communication and Networking, 11 (2) pp. 1-10
2018 Determination of fade margin for Ka band operating in equatorial region. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, 10 (2S) pp. 229-238
2018 Fade margin estimations for Malaysian armed forces military X-band satellite communication links. International Journal of Future Generation Communication and Networking, 11 (3) pp. 1-9
2018 High gain UWB horn antenna for concealed metal detection and microwave imaging application. Sindh University Research Journal (Science Series), 50 (3D) pp. 161-164
2018 Propagation measurements during Daytime for RazakSAT S-band space to earth satellite signal transmission. International Journal of Future Generation Communication and Networking, 11 (1) pp. 63-72
2018 Recognition of metal objects inside wall using antipodal vivaldi antenna. Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 11 (1) pp. 27-35
2018 Throughput analysis on dynamic spectrum allocation technique to mitigate interference on LTE heterogeneous network. International Journal of Control and Automation, 11 (4) pp. 95-104
2017 Dynamic spectrum allocation scheme for heterogeneous network: BER analysis. Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC), 9 (3-10) pp. 99-104
2017 Free space attenuation analysis for X -band and S-band satellite link using meteorological radar data in the tropics. Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC), 9 (3-10) pp. 105-108
2017 Performance analysis of rain attenuation on earth-to-satellite microwave links design in Libya. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 260 (na) pp. 012041
2017 RSSI measurements of a GSM signal within an indoor environment. International Journal of Smart Home, 11 (3) pp. 1-8
2016 A test-bed evaluation of cognitive hybrid functionality for future hyper-dense networks. Advanced Science Letters, 22 (10) pp. 2769-2772
2016 Analyses of cloud characteristic during Malaysian 2014 flood event. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 9 (25) pp. 94834-1-94834-8
2016 Analyses of meteorology information during Malaysian flood disaster 2014. Advanced Science Letters, 22 (10) pp. 2814-2816
2016 Analyses of rainfall rate during Malaysian 2014 flood event. International Journal of Multimedia and Ubiquitos engineering, 11 (8) pp. 237-246
2016 Derivation of Z-γ (Reflectivity-specific attenuation) relation for satellite link in tropical region. Advanced Science Letters, 22 (10) pp. 2750-2753
2016 Preliminary analyses on measured received signals of orbiting RazakSAT satellite. Advanced Science Letters, 22 (10) pp. 2790-2793
2016 Refining ku-band rain attenuation prediction using local parameters in tropics. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 9 (25) pp. 97240-1-97240-8
2015 Cognitive energy efficient for closed-proximity devices: an empirical study and standardization issues. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 10 (3) pp. 987-992
2015 Estimating tropical rain attenuation on the Earth-satellite path using radar data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 36 (24) pp. 6101-6115
2014 A modified rain attenuation prediction model for tropical V-band satellite earth link. International Journal of Satellite Communications and Networking, 32 (1) pp. 1-11
2014 Assessment of X-band earth-satellite link rain attenuation prediction in Malaysia. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 8 (24) pp. 254-259
2014 Development of RF spectrum management tool for Malaysia using Open-Source software. International Journal of Electrical Energy , 2 (1) pp. 7-12
2013 Assessments of time diversity rain fade mitigation technique for v-band space-earth link operating in tropical climate. International Journal of Electrical Energy , 1 (4) pp. 268-273
2013 Comparison of radar derived rain attenuation with the RazakSAT’s X-Band link signal measurement. International Journal of Computer and Communication Engineering, 2 (4) pp. 428-432
2013 Rain fade estimations for the X-Band satellite communication link in the tropics. International Journal of Computer and Communication Engineering, 2 (4) pp. 408-412
2011 Rain induced attenuation studies for V-band satellite communication in tropical region. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 73 (5-6) pp. 601-610
2010 V-Band fade dynamics characteristics analysis in tropical region. American Journal of Applied Sciences , 7 (8) pp. 1109-1114
Conference or Workshop Item

2023 Enhanced technique for prediction of Z-R relationship in tropical region. In: 2023 12th International Conference on Information and Electronics Engineering (ICIEE 2023),
2023 Q and V band dual offset feed parabolic antenna for satellite communication in equatorial region. In: 2023 9th International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering (ICCCE),
2022 Effects of integration time on rain rate distribution for microwave link design. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Robotics, Vision, Signal Processing and Power Application,
2022 Scintillation effects of ka-band frequency on satellite application. In: International Conference on Emerging Electrical Energy, Electronics and Computing Technologies 2021 (ICE4CT 2021),
2021 Assessment of monthly rain fade in the equatorial region at C & KU-band using measat-3 satellite links. In: The 11th International Conference on Robotics, Vision, Signal Processing, and Power Applications,
2021 Assessment of monthly rain fade in the equatorial region at C & KU-band using measat-3 satellite links. In: 11th International Conference on Robotics, Vision, Signal Processing and Power Applications, RoViSP 2021,
2021 Prediction of rain attenuation on earth-to-satellite link using rain rate measurement with various integration times. In: 2021 8TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING (ICCCE),
2021 Time diversity analysis based on predicted rain attenuation at KU, KA and V- bands using synthetic storm technique. In: 2021 8th International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering (ICCCE),
2018 Detection and analysis of metal impairment inside wall using UWB modified antipodal vivaldi antenna. In: 2017 4th IEEE International Conference on Engineering Technologies and Applied Sciences (ICETAS),
2018 Improved radiation characteristic of balanced antipodal vivaldi antenna in array configuration. In: 2nd International Conference on Intelligent Systems Engineering (ICISE) 2018,
2018 Time diversity gain analysis for earth to satellite link based on measured rain rate. In: 7th International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering (ICCCE) 2018,
2017 High gain UWB horn antenna for concealed metal detection and microwave imaging application. In: 3rd International Conference on Engineering, Technologies and Applied Sciences 2017 (ICETAS-2017),
2017 Ultra-wideband antipodal vivaldi antenna for radar and microwave imaging application. In: IEEE 3rd International Conference on Engineering, Technologies and Social Sciences 2017 (ICETSS-2017),
2016 Design of a quintuple band microstrip patch antenna using multiple L-slots. In: 6th International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering (ICCCE 2016),
2016 Mutual impedance with finite feed gap model of dipole antennas using the induced EMF method. In: 2015 IEEE 12th Malaysia Internation Conference On Communications,
2015 Assessment of conversion methods to acquire 1-minute integration time rain intensity statistic. In: 1st Applied Electromagnetic International Conference, APPEIC 2014,
2015 Classification of precipitation types detected in Malaysia. In: 1st Applied Electromagnetic International Conference, APPEIC 2014,
2015 Development of spectrum management tool for Malaysia using open-source GIS software. In: 1st Applied Electromagnetic International Conference (APPEIC 2014),
2015 Fade margin estimation technique using radar data for satellite link. In: Full Text(opens in a new window)|View at Publisher| Export | Download | Add to List | More... Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering Volume 344, 2015, Pages 247-253 1st Applied Electromagnetic International Conference, APPEIC 2014,
2014 Assessment of ITU-R predictions for ku-band rain attenuation in Malaysia. In: 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Telecommunication Technologies (ISTT),
2014 Cluster-based spectrum sensing scheme in heterogeneous network. In: International Conference on Applied Electromagnetics (APPEIC 2014),
2014 Comparison of X-band satellite link measurements with radar derived rain attenuation in the tropics. In: The 3rd International Conference on Computer Engineering & Mathematical Sciences (ICCEMS 2014),
2014 Fade margin estimations for military X-band satellite communication links in tropical region. In: The 3rd International Conference on Computer Engineering and Mathematical Sciences  (ICCEMS14),
2014 Self-organizing joint sensing and power allocation scheme (SJSPA) to coordinate cross-tier interference for LTE-A heterogeneous networks. In: 2014 2nd IEEE International Symposium on Telecommunication Technologies (ISTT2014),
2013 Comparison of Ku-Band satellite rain attenuation with ITU-R prediction models in the tropics. In: 2013 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium (APSURSI),
2013 Determination of Ku-band specific attenuation parameters based on measurements in the tropics. In: 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI National Radio Science Meeting,
2013 Development of spectrum monitoring tool for Malaysia . In: 2013 IEEE 11th Malaysia International Conference on Communications,
2013 Evaluation of RazakSAT’s S-band link signal measurement with the radar derived rain attenuation. In: International Conference on Space Science and Communication (IconSpace),
2013 Proposed rain fade mitigation technique for Ka band space earth links in tropical climate. In: 2013 IEEE 11th Malaysia International Conference on Communication (MICC 2013),
2013 Rain induced attenuation studies using RazakSAT space-Earth links. In: 2013 IEEE International Conference on Space Science and Communication (IconSpace), ,
2011 Rain attenuation prediction model for tropical V-band satellite earth link. In: International Conference on Telecommunication Technology and Applications,
2009 Rain induced attenuation studies for v-band frequency in tropical regions. In: Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference,
Book Section

2015 Cluster-based spectrum sensing scheme in heterogeneous network. In: Springer International Publishing Switzerland, ISBN: 978-3-319-17268-2, pp. 1-11
2011 Analyses of rain fade characteristics for a GHz link in the tropics. In: IIUM Press, ISBN: 9789674181383, pp. 278-284
2011 Development of a modified rain attenuation prediction model. In: IIUM Press, ISBN: 9789674181383, pp. 226-232
2011 Investigation of rain attenuation at 38 GHz. In: IIUM Press, ISBN: 9789674181383, pp. 214-219
2011 Rain attenuation prediction models for earth-space link. In: IIUM Press, ISBN: 9789674181383, pp. 220-225
2011 Worst-month rain fade statistics at 38 GHz. In: IIUM Press, ISBN: 9789674181383, pp. 298-309
Monograph

2019 A revised free space path loss (FSPL) formulation for satellite link operating in tropical region. In: ,
2017 RADIOCOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK FACILITIES - SMART POLE. In: ,
2017 RADIOCOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK FACILITIES - SMART POLE. In: ,