Staff Directory

Azhar Bin Mohd Ibrahim

Academic Qualification

  • - Doctor of Philosophy, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Ph.D in Computer Science - Doctor of Philosophy, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Ph.D in Computer Science - Doctor of Philosophy, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Master of Science (Mechatronics Engineering) - Masters Degree, International Islamic University Malaysia
  • B. Eng (Mechatronics) - Bachelor Degree, International Islamic University Malaysia

Azhar Bin Mohd Ibrahim (Dr.)

Assistant Professor
IIUM Gombak Campus


Area of Specialisation

  • Engineering Tech ~ Engineering And Technology ~ Electrical and Electronic Engineering ~ Robotics and Mechatronics - Electronic Nose
  • ICT ~ Information, Computer And Communications Technology (ICT) ~ Artificial Intelligence ~ Neural, Evolutionary and Fuzzy Computation - Evolutionary Game Theory
  • Engineering Tech ~ Applied Sciences And Technologies ~ Urban Planning ~ Planning of Construction (Including Commercial Building, Community Planning, Construction Open Building, Development Models, Environmental Sustainable Habitat, Industrial Building, Seaport and Airport, Residential, Residential and Public Building, Road, Bridge and Highway, Spatial and Physical Planning, Urban Renewal, Integrated Construction,Intelligent Building, Land Reclamation and Land Readjustment, Dam and Irrigation Systems) - Evacuation modelling
  • Engineering Tech ~ Engineering And Technology ~ Electrical and Electronic Engineering ~ Image Processing - Surveillance System

Professional Membership

  • 2019 - 2019: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Member), Persatuan Saintis Muslim Malaysia
  • 2019 - 2019: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Professional Membership), Association for Computing Machinery

Teaching Responsibilities

INTELLIGENT CONTROL 2022/2023 2021/2022 2020/2021 2019/2020
INTERGRATED DESIGN PROJECT 2020/2021 2019/2020 2018/2019
PROJECT 1 2021/2022 2020/2021 2019/2020 2018/2019
Project II 2021/2022 2020/2021 2019/2020
Remote Sensing and telemetry 2018/2019
SIGNAL AND SYSTEMS ANALYSIS 2022/2023 2021/2022 2020/2021 2019/2020 2018/2019
System Modelling and Identification 2021/2022 2019/2020

Research Projects

2021 - 2022 Retrofitting works on Semi-Autonomous Cleaning Machine
2019 - 2022 Hybrid soft computing-game theoretic evacuation simulation model with early warning capabilities of crowd disasters
2018 - 2021 Smart Robot-Assisted Evacuation
2022 - Present Intelligent Robot-Assisted Emergency: Prototype Upscaling and Field Testing
2022 - Present Prototyping of a hybrid machine combining laser beam micromachining (LBMM) and micro electro-discharge machining (uEDM)
2022 - Present Sophibian: An amphibious Robot Upscaling for Multi-Scheme Maneuvering Environments
2021 - Present Strategic Empowerment Of Visually Impaired Community (Se-Vic) Via Intelligence Mobility
2020 - Present Formulation of Size and Depth of Defect under Insulation using Microwave Non-Destructive (NDT) Method
2020 - Present IoT-based Visually Impaired Community (VIC) geospatial tracking with Swarming RoVision (SR)
2019 - Present Investigation on the energy saving capability of a Variable Inertia Magneto Rheological (MR) Flywheel.



2022 A review on crowd analysis of evacuation and abnormality detection based on machine learning systems. Neural Computing and Applications, () pp.
2022 A review on the hospital evacuation simulation models. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 77 () pp. 1-18
2022 An immersive augmented reality system to study the efficiency of dynamic exit signage. IIUM Engineering Journal, 23 (1) pp. 200-221
2022 Processing and classification of landsat and sentinel images for oil palm plantation detection. Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment, 26 () pp.
2022 The role of crowd behavior and cooperation strategies during evacuation. SIMULATION: Transactions of The Society for Modeling and Simulation International, () pp.
2021 Dual-stage artificial neural network (ANN) model for sequential LBMM-μEDM-based micro-drilling. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, () pp. 1-24
2021 Methodologies and evaluation of electronic travel aids for the visually impaired people: a review. Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics, 10 (3) pp. 1747-1758
2021 Modelling and simulating exit selection during assisted hospital evacuation process using fuzzy logic and unity3D. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications (IJACSA), 12 (12) pp. 902-908
2021 Novel CE-CBCE feature extraction method for object classification using a low-density LiDAR point cloud. PLOS ONE, 16 (8) pp. 1-18
2020 Augmented reality-based evacuation simulation to study crowd behaviors. International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology (IJARET), 11 (10) pp. 374-383
2019 Rainfall-rinoff model based on ANN with LM, BR and PSO as learning algorithms. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, 8 (3) pp. 971-979
2019 Rainfall-runoff model based on ANN with LM, BR and PSO as learning algorithms. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE), 8 (3) pp. 971-979
2019 The impact of potential crowd behaviours on emergency evacuation: an evolutionary game theoretic approach. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 22 (1) pp. 1-15
2019 Two-wheel balancing robot; review on control methods and experiments. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE), 7 (6S) pp. 106-112
2017 Uncertainty in a spatial evacuation model. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 479 () pp. 485-497
2016 Intelligent evacuation management systems: A review. ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology, 7 (3) pp. 36-36:27
2016 Simulation modelling and analysis of crowd evacuation by utilizing evolutionary stable strategy. ICIC Express Letters: An International Journal of Research and Surveys, 10 (1) pp. 255-262
2014 Smart objects identification system for robotic surveillance. International Journal of Automation and Computing , 11 (1) pp. 59-71
Conference or Workshop Item

2021 Effect of process parameters on the laser microdrilling performance of stainless steel, aluminium and copper. In: 5th International Conference on Mechanical, Automotive and Aerospace Engineering 2021 (ICMAAE’21),
2020 Intelligent robot-assisted evacuation: a review. In: First International Conference on Advances in Physical Sciences and Materials,
2019 Hybrid social force-fuzzy logic evacuation simulation model for multiple exits. In: 7th International Conference on Mechatronics Engineering, ICOM 2019,

2021 Artificial intelligence with scratch programming. Centre for the Professional Development (CPD), IIUM, ISBN: