Staff Directory

Zarina Bt. Zainuddin

Academic Qualification

  • Doctor of Philosophy - Doctor of Philosophy, University of Cambridge
  • Science - Masters Degree, Universiti Malaya (UM)
  • Botany - Bachelor Degree, Universiti Malaya (UM)

Zarina Bt. Zainuddin (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)

Associate Professor
IIUM Kuantan Campus


Other's position:

Head, Kulliyyah of Science

Expert Profile

Zarina Zainuddin obtained her Bsc First Class Honours from University of Malaya in Botany. Her final year project was in plant reproductive biology. She then worked on her MSc also at University of Malaya in Plant Biotechnology, sponsored by MOSTI under the National Science Foundation Scholarship. Her Msc project was on the development of transgenic chilli resistance towards virus.
Upon completion of her MSc, she joined Department of Biotechnology, Kulliyyah of Science, International Islamic University Malaysia in June 2003 as an Assistant Lecturer. In 2007, she pursued her Ph.D in Plant Metabolism at the University of Cambridge. After completing her Ph.D, she came back to IIUM and was appointed as an Assistant Professor in 2011.

Area of Specialisation

  • Natural Science ~ Biological Sciences ~ Genetics ~ Recombinant DNA Techniques - Molecular cloning and transformation
  • Natural Science ~ Biological Sciences ~ Genetics ~ Molecular Genetics - Plant metabolic engineering
  • Biotechnology ~ Biotechnology ~ Plant Biotechnology ~ Tissue Culture - Plant tissue culture
  • Biotechnology ~ Biotechnology ~ Plant Biotechnology ~ Other Plant Biotechnology n.e.c. - Plant and algal biotechnology
  • Biotechnology ~ Biotechnology ~ Plant Biotechnology ~ Transgenic Plant (Including Transgenic Crops from the Aspects of Pest and Disease Resistance, Increase Shelf Life, Colour and Nutritional Enhancement, Drought, Salinity and Flooding Resistance) - Transgenic crop and algae

Teaching Responsibilities

APPLIED MOLECULAR GENETICS 2017/2018 2011/2012 2016/2017 2015/2016 2013/2014 2014/2015 2012/2013
BASIC GENETIC ENGINEERING 2012/2013 2011/2012 2013/2014 2015/2016 2016/2017 2014/2015
FOOD BIOTECHNOLOGY 2011/2012 2005/2006 2012/2013
GENETICS 2014/2015 2012/2013 2015/2016
PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY 2020/2021 2021/2022 2016/2017 2017/2018 2019/2020 2018/2019
PLANT GENETICS 2018/2019 2015/2016 2020/2021 2017/2018 2016/2017
PLANT TISSUE CULTURE 2019/2020 2018/2019 2017/2018 2015/2016 2016/2017 2021/2022 2020/2021
PRINCIPLES OF CELL AND TISSUE CULTURE 2013/2014 2012/2013 2016/2017 2017/2018 2014/2015 2020/2021 2019/2020 2011/2012 2015/2016 2018/2019
PROJECT SEMINAR 2005/2006 2006/2007

Research Projects

2018 - 2020 Empowerment of fisherman-communities in Segari, Perak through participation in mangrove conservation and reforestation initiatives
2017 - 2020 Transcriptomic profiling of genes involved in flowering of Stevia rebaudiana
2016 - 2019 Expressed sequence tags (ESTs) of genes involved in flowering of Stevia rebaudiana
2015 - 2018 Over expression of Actinomcyete relA and rshA genes to enhance secondary metabolite production
2015 - 2018 Understanding the Contributions and Mechanisms of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) for Production of Stevioside and Rebaudioside A in Stevia Rebaudiana Accession Bertam
2013 - 2017 Understanding rhizospheric plant-microbe interactions for phytoremediation of dioxin contaminated soil
2013 - 2016 Screening of Mangrove Actinomycetes and Their Antimicrobial Potentials
2013 - 2017 Production of Halal Insulin in Photosynthetic Microalgae
2013 - 2016 Screening of Chloroplast Promoters for Hevea Chloroplast Transformation
2012 - 2016 Comparison Of Stevioside and Reboudioside a Content and the Transcript Levels of Genes Involved in their Biosynthesis in Different Accessions of Stevia Rebaudiana Bertoni
2011 - 2015 Expression of Vitamin B12 Enzymes in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Chloroplast
2011 - 2018 RU 2011 -Identification of bacteria associated with severe early childhood caries.
2006 - 2012 Studies on Mangrove in Pulau Toba, Langkawi
2020 - Present Kaedah Pengurusan Pembajaan dan Tanah untuk Peningkatan Hasil Halia Bentong
2019 - Present In vitro propagation of Etlingera elatior J. (Torch ginger) via indirect regeneration
2019 - Present In Vitro (Tissue Culture) Propagation of Bentong Ginger (Zingiber Officinale Var. Bentong)
2019 - Present Bengkel: Kaedah Pengurusan Tanah Untuk Penanaman Halia Bentong
2019 - Present Characterization of OsSCE1 and Ghd2 genes involved in drought stress response of Oryza sativa via CRISPR-Cas9 systems
2018 - Present Metabolic engineering of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 (cyanobacteria) for biosynthesis of selected steviol precursors
2018 - Present Morphological and molecular characterisation of gac fruit (Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng)
2017 - Present Characterizing phytoremediation capacity of Jatropha curcas and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for remediating bauxite mining sites
2016 - Present Induction of hairy roots by various strains of Agrobacterium rhizogenes in leaves explants of selected medicinal plant species in Malaysia
2011 - Present Clonal Propagation of Kacip Fatimah
2004 - Present Functional Food and Nutraceuticals Research Unit (FFNRU)
- Establishment of horticultural therapy towards the healing of special needs children suffering from autism due to Covid-19 pandemic
- Profiling fatty acids and mineral composition of Antarctic microalgae and their potential application in fish nutrition



2021 Biological control of cyanobacterial bloom by leaf biomass. Desalination and Water Treatment, 219 () pp. 157-163
2021 Commercial potentials and agronomic status of etlingera elatior, a promising horticulture plant from zingiberaceae family. AGRIVITA, Journal of Agricultural Science, 43 (3) pp. 665-678
2021 Genome editing for the development of rice resistance against stresses: a review. Tropical Agricultural Science, () pp. 599-616
2021 Growth optimization of mangrove Streptomyces for enhancement of actinorhodin production. Desalination and Water Treatment, 219 () pp. 217-222
2021 Growth optimization of mangrove Streptomyces for enhancement of actinorhodin production. Desalination and Water Treatment, 219 () pp. 217-222
2021 In silico characterization of UGT74G1 protein in Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni Accession MS007. Journal of Tropical Life Science, 11 (3) pp. 323-330
2021 Response of primed rice (oryza sativa l.) seeds towards reproductive stage drought stress. Sains Malaysiana, 50 (10) pp. 2913-2921
2021 The 3rdWorld Congress on the Integration and Islamicisation of Acquired Human Knowledge. Revelation and Science, 11 (1) pp. 1-5
2021 Transcriptome profiling of Stevia rebaudiana MS007 revealed genes involved in flower development. Turkish Journal of Biology, 45 () pp. 1-10
2020 Callus induction from leaf explant of ficus deltoidea varkunstleri. Science Heritage Journal (GWS), 4 (1) pp. 6-8
2020 De novo transcriptome dataset of Stevia rebaudiana accession MS007. Data in Brief, 28 () pp. 1-3
2020 DNA barcoding: a tool to detect fraud in seafood products. Big Data in Agriculture, 2 (1) pp. 20-22
2020 Fatty acid profiles of Antarctic cyanobacteria Leptolyngbya. Journal of Environmental Biology, 41 (4) pp. 687-694
2020 Identification of genes involved in flowering in Stevia rebaudiana using expressed sequence tags (ESTs). Asian Pacific Journal of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, 28 (2) pp. 105-112
2020 Micropropagation of Labisia pumila using embryo culture. Acta Scientifica Malaysia, 4 (1) pp. 1-3
2020 PAX9 polymorphism in non-syndromic hypodontia in the Malaysian population. Journal of International Dental and Medical Research, 13 (3) pp. 1130-1135
2020 Phytoremediation for rehabilitating bauxite-mined sites. Desalination and Water Treatment, 188 () pp. 444-449
2019 A Review of approaches in steviol glycosides synthesis. International Journal of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, 2 (3) pp. 145-157
2019 Effects of N-methyl-N-nitrosourea on seed germitantion of Stevia rebaudiana = Kesan N-Metil-N-Nitrosourea pada percambahan biji benih stevia rebaudiana. Sains Malaysiana, 48 (2) pp. 301-307
2019 In-vitro regeneration of orthosiphon stamineus (misai kucing) using axillary bud. Science Heritage Journal (GWS), 3 (1) pp. 8-10
2018 A review on non-syndromic tooth agenesis associated with PAX9 mutations. Japanese Dental Science Review, 54 (1) pp. 30-36
2018 Diversity, antimicrobial capabilities, and biosynthetic potential of mangrove actinomycetes from coastal waters in Pahang, Malaysia. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue 82 Fall () pp. 174-179
2018 Effects of pre-anthesis drought stress on yield components and seed quality of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Malaysian Applied Biology Journal, 47 (5) pp. 149-155
2018 Enhancement of cyanobacterial control by fungi degraded palm oil trunk. Malaysian Journal of Microbiology, 14 (Special Issue ( no. 3 )) pp. 172-179
2018 First report of anatoxin-a encoding gene in isolated cyanobacterial strains from Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Microbiology, 14 (2 (Special issue)) pp. 202-207
2018 Genetic variabilities of stevia rebaudiana bertoni cultivated in Malaysia as revealed by morphological, chemical and molecular characterisations. AGRIVITA Journal of Agricultural Science, 40 (2) pp. 267-283
2018 Sequencing-based analysis for the identification of bacteria associated with severe early childhood caries (SECC). International Medical Journal Malaysia, 17 (Special Issue 2) pp. 131-135
2017 Cyanobacteria characteristics and methods for isolation and accurate identification of cyanotoxins: A review article. Avicenna J Environ Health Eng, 4 (1) pp. 1-11
2017 Evaluation of genetic homogeneity of Jatropha curcas L. hybrid at an early stage of shoot bud formation from petioles using ISSR marker. Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment, 31 (1) pp. 45-50
2017 Evaluation on field performance of vegetable soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) varieties grown at two locations in Malaysia. Malaysian Applied Biology, 46 (1) pp. 125-129
2017 Rhizospheric cymbopogon citratus-staphylococcus succinus interactions for phytoremediation of dibenzofuran contaminated soil. Asia Pacific Journal of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, 25 (1) pp. 1-5
2016 Biotechnological potential of Kuantan mangrove actinomycete, Micromonospora K3-13. The International Medical Journal Malaysia, 15 (Supplement Issue) pp. 108-108
2016 Selective isolation and antagonistic activity of actinomycetes from mangrove forest of Pahang, Malaysia. Frontiers in Life Science, Vol. 9 (1) pp. 24-31
2015 Acclimatized apparatus enhanced seed germination in stevia rebaudiana bertoni. International Journal of Biology, 7 (2) pp. 28-34
2015 Diversity and antimicrobial activity of mangrove soil actinomycetes isolated from Tanjung Lumpur, Kuantan. Jurnal Teknologi, 77 (25) pp. 37-43
2015 Screening of chloroplast promoters for Hevea brasiliensis chloroplast transformation. Jurnal Teknologi, 77 (24) pp. 165-170
2015 Standardization of surface sterilization protocol of field grown stevia rebaudiana prior to in vitro clonal propagation. Jurnal Teknologi, 77 (24) pp. 141-146
Conference or Workshop Item

2021 Genome-wide comparative analysis of drought tolerant genes in rice, maize, date palm and arabidopsis. In: 7th International Conference on Advancement in Science and Technology (iCAST2021),
2021 In silico CHARACTERIZATION OF UGT76G1 PROTEIN IN Stevia rebaudiana BERTONI ACCESSIONS MS007. In: 4th International Conference on Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (4th ICMBB2021), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia,
2021 In silico development of CRISPR/Cas9 construct for oryza sativa subsp. indica. In: 7th International Conference on Advancement in Science and Technology (iCAST2021).,
2021 In Silico development of CRISPR/Cas9 Construct for Oryza sativa subsp. indica. In: 7th International Conference on Advancement in Science and Technology (iCAST2021).,
2021 Plant Growth-Promoting Features of Bacterial Endophytes Isolated from Etlingera Elatior. In: International Congress of the Malaysian Society for Microbiology 2021 (ICMSM2021),
2020 Genome-scale compositional comparisons towards drought tolerant genes in rice, date palm, maize and thale cress. In: Malaysian Applied Biology Society Virtual Seminar 2020,
2019 Jatropha curcas as a potential plant for bauxite phytoremediation. In: "International Symposium on Bioremediation, Biomaterial, Revegetation, and Conservation 2018, IS BIOREV 2018",
2019 Plant tissue culture as a tool for sustainable production of bentong ginger (Zingiber officinale var. Bentong) plantlets. In: Kuantan Research Day 2019,
2016 Antimicrobial activities of actinomycetes isolated from Malaysian tropical mangrove forest of Kuantan, Pahang. In: 5th International Conference on Environment, Energy and Biotechnology 2016,
2016 Understanding of rhizospheric Cymbopogon citratus-Saphylococcus succinus interactions for phytoremediation of dibenzofuran contaminated soil. In: 4th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering 2016 (ICBioE 2016),
2015 Diversity and antimicrobial activities of mangrove actinomycetes isolated from Tanjung Lumpur, Kuantan. In: 5th International Conference of Advancement in Science And Technology (iCAST 2015),
2014 Selective isolation of actinomycetes from mangrove forest of Pahang, Malaysia. In: International Conference on Agriculture, Biology and Environmental Sciences (ICABES-14),

2011 Biotechnologies towards sustainable development in Malaysia . IIUM Press, ISBN: 9789674182007
Book Section

2016 Assessment of genetic diversity and hybrid identification in stevia using inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. In: Genetic Society of Malaysia, ISBN: 9789832408475, pp. 157-162
2016 Assessment of genetic diversity and hybrid identification in stevia using inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. In: Genetic Society of Malaysia, ISBN: 9789832408475, pp. 157-162
2011 Bioethics and biotechnology: A holistic approach in Islamic perspectives . In: IIUM Press, ISBN: 9789674182007, pp. 1-15
2011 Optimisation of transformation system for chilli embryo (Capsicum annuum variety Kulai) using particle bombardment . In: IIUM Press, ISBN: 9789674182007, pp. 268-274
2011 Screening of mangrove plants for gram negative antibacterial activity . In: IIUM Press, ISBN: 9789674182007, pp. 275-283
2006 Biodiversity and marine biotechnology: a new era for the development of biotechnology industry. In: Department of Wildlife and National Parks Peninsular Malaysia, ISBN: 9834301006, pp. 67-74