Staff Directory

Rafia Afroz

Academic Qualification

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Environmental Planning - Doctor of Philosophy, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Master of Science (Production Economics) - Masters Degree, Bangladesh Agricultural University
  • Bachelor of Science in Agricultural Economics (Honours) - Bachelor Degree, Bangladesh Agricultural University

Rafia Afroz (Prof. Dr.)

IIUM Gombak Campus


Expert Profile

Rafia Afroz received her BSc in Agricultural Economics in 1997 and MSc in Production Economics in 1999 from Bangladesh Agricultural University and her PhD in Environmental Planning and Management in 2005 from University Putra Malaysia. She is an Associate Professor in International Islamic University Malaysia since 2008. Before that, she was appointed as Senior Lecturer in University Malaysia Sarawak in 2007. She received JSPS Postdoc Fellowship in the University of Tokyo in 2005. She has published more than 30 articles in journals and proceedings. Recently, she published one book entitled The Peat Swamp: Productivity, Traficability and Mechanization by Nova Science Publisher. Her areas of research interest are environmental valuation, waste management, input output analysis and climate change.

Area of Specialisation

  • Economics, Business And Management ~ Economics, Business And Management ~ Economics/Applied Economics ~ Environmental Economics - Environmental Economics

Teaching Responsibilities

BUSINESS MATHEMATICS 2022/2023 2021/2022 2020/2021 2019/2020 2018/2019 2016/2017 2015/2016 2014/2015 2013/2014 2012/2013
ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS 2021/2022 2020/2021 2016/2017 2015/2016 2014/2015 2012/2013 2008/2009
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 2023/2024 2019/2020 2018/2019 2017/2018 2016/2017 2015/2016 2013/2014 2011/2012 2010/2011 2009/2010 2008/2009
MACROECONOMICS 2023/2024 2022/2023 2020/2021
PRINCIPLES OF MICROECONOMICS 2022/2023 2021/2022 2019/2020 2017/2018 2014/2015 2013/2014 2012/2013 2011/2012 2009/2010
STATISTICAL METHODS 2023/2024 2019/2020 2018/2019 2017/2018 2016/2017 2011/2012 2010/2011 2009/2010 2008/2009


Economic Valuation And Intention Of Using Photovoltaic Solar Energy In Klang Valley, Malaysia.
Ph.D Completed 2023 Main Supervisor
The Nexus Between Income Inequality, Environmental Degradation And Health Outcome Among Asean-6 Countries.
Ph.D Completed 2023 Co-supervisor
An Assessment Of Rice Farmers Perception Of Climate Change And Adaptive Capacity: A Study Of The State Of Kedah.
Ph.D Completed 2017 Main Supervisor
Economic Evaluation Of Air Quality Improvement In Klang Valley : Designing, Validating And Appliying Of Contigent Valiation And Choice Modelling Methods.
Ph.D Completed 2015 Main Supervisor
Food Waste Minimization From Demand Side Perspective Using Behavioural Economics Tools.
Ph.D In Progress Main Supervisor
Foreign Capital Infows, International Trade And Economic Growth In Nigeria: A Dynamic Autoregressive Distributed Lag Approach.
Master Completed 2023 Main Supervisor
The Impact Of Income Inequalty On Co2 Emission In Malaysia.
Master Completed 2022 Main Supervisor
Dynamic Impact Of Economic Growth, Energy Consumption, Foreign Direct Investment And Financial Development On Ecological Footprint In Malaysia: Testing Ekc Hypothesis Using Ardl Approach.
Master Completed 2021 Main Supervisor
The Relationship Between Urbanization, Economic Growth And Energy Consumption In Nigeria.
Master Completed 2020 Main Supervisor
Developing An Integrated Waqf For Environmental Protection For Malaysian Paddy Farmers.
Master Completed 2017 Main Supervisor
Determinants Of Carbon Dioxide Co2 Emissions In The Gambian Open Economy.
Master Completed 2016 Main Supervisor
Electrical And Electronic Equipment Management.
Master Completed 2013 Main Supervisor
Economic Impact Of Climate Change On Poverty Of Rice Farmers : A Case Study In Kedah.
Master Completed 2012 Main Supervisor
Arttitudes And Behaviors Of University Students Toward Environmental Issues.
Master Completed 2012 Main Supervisor

Research Projects

2019 - 2022 Developing an Environmental Variation Model of Rice Production Efficiency in Malaysia.
2018 - 2022 Developing Shariah Complaint equity-based crowdfund Model towards Malaysian low carbon society-A Case of Kuala Lumpur.
2018 - 2022 Digital development, Economics Growth. Environmental Sustainability and Population Health in Malaysia: Applying Response Surfaces for the F-test of cointegration model
2018 - 2019 The Potential and Strategy of Zakat Collection from Foreign Workers in the Federal Territory
2016 - 2018 Predicting Drivers of Food Waste Using Extended Theory of Planned Behavior: An Empirical Study in Kuala Lumpur
2015 - 2018 Developing an Integrated Waqf Environmental Protection Model for Malaysian Rice Farmers
2014 - 2015 Assessing the Relationship between Crude Oil Price and Macroeconomic Activities of Malaysia
2013 - 2015 Estimating the Value of Improved River Water Quality : The Case of Klang River Basin Area, Malaysia
2013 - 2016 Developing an Integrated Cash Waqf Investment Model for Micro-Enterprises (MEs) in Malaysia
2013 - 2017 Development of Green Transportation System
2012 - 2013 Consumers Intention to Purchase Towards Green Technology- A Case Study in Automative Industry in Kuala Lumpur Malaysia.
2011 - 2011 Survey And Analysis Of Public Environmental Awareness And Oerformance Among The Staff And Students In International Islamic University Malaysia- A Case Study On Household Electrical And Electronic Equipment
2009 - 2011 Economic Impact of Climate Change in Agriculture in Malaysia
2009 - 2010 Environmental and Economic Analysis of Waste Management Options for Households in Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur Malaysia
2023 - Present Assessing Food Waste Minimization Behaviour of the Households Using Behavioural Economics' Tools and Maqasid Al-Shariah Perspectives - A Case of Klang Valley, Malaysia
2020 - Present Green Financing, on Green Company's Performance and Environmental Sustainability in Malaysia: An Analysis on the Future Growth
2020 - Present Protection of farmers' right in Malaysia : Assessing the current legal framework and international obligations
2019 - Present An Integrated Persuasive Behaviour Change Framework based on Maqasid Al-Shariah for Municipal Solid Waste Disposal
2013 - Present IIUM Centre of Excellence for Electric Mobility (ICEM)
2011 - Present The Air Pollution and Sick-Leaves Relationship (RU 2011)
2011 - Present Environmental Efficiency of Rice Production Systems in Malaysia: An Application of Data Envelopment Analysis

Award & Recognition

01 Sep, 2018 outstanding reviewer - ELSVIER International
20 Aug, 2018 Highest Citation in Citation Index Journal Award - International Islamic University Malaysia University
20 Aug, 2018 IIUM Quality Research Award - International Islamic University Malaysia University



2023 Assessing public preferences for solar development: a case study of Selangor state Malaysia. International Research Journal of Economics and Management Studies (IRJEMS), 2 (2) pp. 533-547
2023 Foreign capital inflows, international trade, and economic growth in Nigeria: a dynamic ARDL approach. International Journal of Advanced Research in Economics and Finance, 5 (3) pp. 89-108
2023 Role of human capital, income inequality and renewable energy consumption on Co2 mitigation in Malaysia. Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Environment Management, 8 (33) pp. 28-46
2022 Climate change and rice production: empirical investigation from Malaysia. Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Environment Management, 7 (29) pp. 112-122
2022 Dynamic linkages between non‑renewable energy, renewable energy and economic growth through nonlinear ARDL approach: evidence from Malaysia. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, () pp.
2022 Investment in energy industries could boosting employment faster. Chinese Views of Non-traditional Security, 1 (14) pp. 18-20
2021 Dynamic Impact of Macroeconomic Variables on the Ecological Footprint in Malaysia: Testing EKC and PHH*. Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, 8 (5) pp. 583-593
2021 Employee motivation as an indicator of the desire to continue working: evidence from SMEs in Bangladesh. International Journal of Management Practice, 14 (3) pp. 343-367
2021 Quality of higher education: improving the well-being through humanizing digital entrepreneurship program. Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, 8 (2) pp. 1201-1213
2021 Solar photovoltaic panels in Malaysian homes: an economic analysis and survey of public opinion. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 11 (6) pp. 454-464
2020 Analyzing the intention of the households to drop off mobile phones to the collection boxes: empirical study in Malaysia. Ecofeminism and Climate Change, () pp. 1-18
2020 Effects of corporate governance on banking performance of commercial banks in Bangladesh. International Finance and Banking, 7 (1) pp. 1-17
2020 Estimating households’ marginal benefit for air quality improvement options using choice experimental design: evidence from Klang Valley, Malaysia. Journal of Critical Review, 7 (19) pp. 1999-2009
2020 Impact of Information and Communication Technology on Economic Growth and Population Health in Malaysia. Journal of Asian Finance Economics and Business, 7 (4) pp. 155-162
2020 The relationship between urbanization, CO2 emissions, economic growth and energy consumption in Nigeria. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 10 (6) pp. 491-501
2019 Consumer surplus for air quality improvement in the transport sector in Klang Valley, Malaysia: contingent valuation method and choice experimental approach. International Journal of Supply Chain Management, 8 (6) pp. 118-132
2019 Developing a shariah-compliant equity-based crowdfunding model towards a Malaysian low-carbon consumer society. Malaysian Journal of Consumer and Family Economics, 22 (2) pp. 185-202
2019 Factors affecting the intention of the rice farmers to adopt the integrated cash waqf environmental protection model: an empirical study in Kedah Malaysia. Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, 6 (4) pp. 189-199
2019 Malaysian automobile industry and green supply chain management. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE), 7 (6S) pp. 158-162
2019 Perception of climate change and the adaptation strategies and capacities of the rice farmers in Kedah, Malaysia. Environment and Urbanization ASIA, 10 (1) pp. 99-115
2018 A conceptual analysis of farmers’ willingness to accept the environmental protection model. Kaav International Journal of Economics , Commerce & Business Management, 5 (4 (October-December)) pp. 107-119
2018 Farmers’ perceptions, awareness, attitudes and adaption behaviour towards climate change. Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, () pp.
2017 An alternative model for supporting the rice farmers in adaptation of climate change. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 7 (5) pp. 313-330
2017 Assessing households’ knowledge, attitude and behaviour and their welfare changes for the air quality improvement: a case study in Klang Valley, Malaysia. International Journal of Applied Business and Economic Research, 15 (18) pp. 243-264
2017 Determinants of Malaysian farmers' choice of adaptation strategies for adapting to climate change in Kedah Malaysia. Asian Journal of Agricultural Research, 11 (4) pp. 120-127
2017 Health impact of river water pollution in Malaysia. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Science, 4 (5) pp. 78-85
2017 Parametric study of palladium/graphene catalyst on-board steam reformer for hydrogen generation from IC engine’s waste. International Journal of Engineering & Technology IJET-IJENS, 17 (1) pp. 13-24
2017 Recycling and disposal of lithium batteries: an economical and environmental approach. IIUM Engineering Journal, 18 (2) pp. 238-252
2017 The knowledge, awareness, attitude and motivational analysis of plastic waste and household perspective in Malaysia. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24 (3) pp. 2304-2315
2017 Willingness to pay for crop insurance to adapt flood risk by Malaysian farmers: An empirical investigation of Kedah. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 7 (4) pp. 1-9
2016 Financing an efficient adaptation programme to climate change: A contingent valuation method tested in Malaysia. Cahiers Agricultures, 25 (2) pp. 1-8
2016 Household’s perception of water pollution and its economic impact on human health in Malaysia. Desalination and Water Treatment, 57 (1) pp. 115-123
2016 Lithium battery recycling management and policy. International Journal of Energy Technology and Policy, 13 (3) pp. 278-291
2015 Analysis of household preferences on waste electrical and electronic equipment management. International Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development, 14 (2) pp. 116-131
2015 Consumer purchase intention towards environmentally friendly vehicles: an empirical investigation in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22 (20) pp. 16153-16163
2015 Electricity generation from EV body build with Al2O3 filler ER sandwiched by carbon fiber and lithium thin plate . Energy Education Science and Technology Part A: Energy Science and Research , 33 (3) pp.
2015 How individual values and attitude influence consumers’ purchase intention of electric vehicles—some insights from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Environment and Urbanization ASIA, 6 (2) pp. 1-18
2015 Power generation from waste of IC engines. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 51 () pp. 382-395
2015 Pro-environmental behavior and public understanding of climate change. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies For Global Change, 20 () pp. 591-600
2014 A Glance at the World. Waste Management, 34 (10) pp. I-V
2014 Development of electric vehicle: public perception and attitude, the Malaysian approach. World Review of Business Research, 5 (2) pp. 149-167
2014 Development of electric vehicle: public perceptionand attitude, the Malaysian approach. World Review on International Transportation Research, 5 (2) pp. 149-167
2014 Fuzzy controlled evaporative battery thermal management system for EV/HEV. International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles (IJEHV), 7 () pp. 1-21
2014 Household perception and recycling behaviour on electronic waste management : a case study of Kuala-Lumpur, Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Science, 33 (1) pp. 32-41
2014 Valuing climate protection by offsetting carbon emissions: rethinking environmental governance. Journal of Cleaner Production, () pp.
2014 Water pollution challenges and future direction for water resource management policies in Malaysia. Environment and Urbanization ASIA, 5 (1) pp. 63-81
2013 Electrical and electronic waste management: a case study in University of Duhok, Iraq. International Journal of Economics and Management Engineering, 3 (2) pp. 68-73
2013 Modeling environmental performance and economic development . International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance, 4 (6) pp. 384-387
2013 Survey and analysis of public knowledge, awareness and willingness to pay in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia - a case study on household WEEE management. Journal of Cleaner Production, 52 () pp. 185-193
2012 A framework to estimate the willingness to pay of household for air quality improvement : a case study in Klang Valley, Malaysia.. OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, 4 (9) pp.
2012 A framework to estimate the willingness to pay of household for airquality improvement: a case study in Klang Valley, Malaysia . OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, 4 (9) pp. 11-16
2012 Public environmental awareness and performance in Kuala Lumpur City, Malaysia — a case study on household electrical and electronic equipment. Environment and Urbanization ASIA, 3 (2) pp. 385-396
2011 Selected socio-economic factors affecting the willingness to minimise solid waste in Dhaka city, Bangladesh. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 54 (6) pp. 711-731
2011 Sustainable household waste management improvement in Dhaka city, Bangladesh. International Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development, 10 (4) pp. 433-448
2011 Using a contingent valuation approach for improved solid waste management facility: evidence from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Waste Management, 31 (4) pp. 800-808
2010 A survey of recycling behaviour in households in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Waste management and research, 28 () pp. 552-560
2010 Factors affecting waste generation: a study in a waste management program in Dhaka City, Bangladesh . Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 179 (1-4) pp. 509-519
2010 The role of socio-economic factors on household waste generation: a study hi a waste management program in Dhaka city, Bangladesh. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, 5 (3) pp. 183-190
2009 Willingness to pay for waste management improvement in Dhaka city, Bangladesh. Journal of Environmental Management, 90 (1) pp. 492-503
2007 Benefits of air quality improvement in Klang Valley Malaysia . International Journal Environment and Pollution 2007, 30 (1) pp. 119-136
2006 Impact of air pollution on health in Klang Valley, Malaysia. Asian Journal of Water Environment and Pollution, 3 (1) pp. 27-38
2005 Economic instruments for managing industrial waste in Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Environmental Management, 6 () pp. 87-106
2004 Economic evaluation of air quality improvements in Klang Valley, Malaysia : validity and reliability of contingent valuation method. International Journal of Ecological Economics & Statistics (IJEES), 2 () pp. 1-44
2003 Review of air pollution and health impacts in Malaysia. Environmental Research, 92 (2) pp. 71-77
Conference or Workshop Item

2022 Rice production efficiency in Malaysia. In: The 3rd International Conference on Advanced Research in Management, Economics and Accounting,
2021 Poverty of Malaysian rice farmers in a changing climate - An empirical investigation in Kedah, Malaysia. In: 3rd Asia Pacific Regional Conference on Food Security, ARCoFS 2021,
2021 Poverty of Malaysian rice farmers in a changing climate -an empirical investigation in Kedah, Malaysia. In: Asean regional conference on food security,
2020 Alternative source of financing for start-up solar companies in Malaysia. In: Research Innovation Commercialisation & Entrepreneurship Showcase (RICES),
2019 Willingness to pay of the households for solar energy-a case study in Kuala Lumpur Malaysia [Public acceptance and willingness to pay for solar energy- a case study in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia]. In: The International Conference on Economics, Entrepreneurship and Management 2019 (ICEEM 2019),
2018 Modeling and simulation of Graphene/Palladium catalyst reformer for hydrogen generation from waste of IC engine. In: International Conference on Advances in Manufacturing and Materials Engineering 2017, ICAMME 2017,
2017 Economic feasibility of household waste minimisation in Dhaka, Bangladesh. In: Global Conference on Business and Economics Research (GCBER) 2017,
2016 Developing an integrated waqf environmental protection model for Malaysian paddy farmers. In: Conference on Environmental WAQF: From Theories to Practice ,
2016 The role of Waqf for mitigating adaptation barriers for Malaysian rice farmers. In: 11th International Conference on Islamic Economics and Finance (11th ICIEF 2016),
2014 Micro enterprises in Malaysia: an empirical assessment on financial obstacles. In: 6th International Borneo Business Conference,
2013 Development of green transportation system. In: IIUM Enginnering Congress 2013(2-4July 2013),
2013 Estimating the level of knowledge, attitude and behavior towards environmental education among postgraduate students of Institute of Education, International Islamic University Malaysia: an exploratory analysis. In: 4th Social Development and Environmental Studies International Conference 2013 ,
2013 Malaysian perception and attitude towards electric vehicle. In: IIUM Enginnering Congress 2013,
2011 Application of choice experimental design to estimate the willingness to pay of household for reducing air pollution from transport sector in Klang Valley, Malaysia . In: International Conference on Sustainable Development (OIDA 2011),

2021 Climate Change and Rice Production: Adaptation Strategies and Capacity. BP International, ISBN: 978-93-5547-002-7
2020 Green transportation system. IIUM Press, International Islamic University Malaysia, ISBN: 978-967-491-021-1
2020 The potential and strategy of Zakat collection from foreign workers. Akademi Zakat (AZKA), Pusat Pungutan Zakat (PPZ), ISBN: ISBN 978-967-17088-6-6
2012 The peat swamp:Productivity, traficability and mechanization. Nova Science Publishers Inc., ISBN: 978-1-61942-670-2
2011 Advanced theory of peat vehicle mobility. VDM Verleg, ISBN: 9783639304329
2010 Households preferences and WTP for waste management in Malaysia. Lambert Academic Publishing, ISBN: 978-3-8433-6142-2
Book Section

2011 Household solid waste characteristics and management in Gombak, Malaysia . In: IIUM Press, ISBN: 9789674180973, pp. 33-51
2011 Re-investigating the tenability of environmental Kuznets curve for carbon dioxide emission: an ARDL cointegration approach for Nigeria . In: IIUM Press, ISBN: 9789674180973, pp. 9-32

2021 Developing Shariah complaint equity-based crowdfund Model towards Malaysian low carbon society-A Case of Kuala Lumpur. FRGS19-043-0651. In: ,
2019 The potential and strategy of zakat collection from workers in the Federal Territory. In: ,
2013 Consumer’s intention to purchase towards green technology- a case study in automatize industry in Kuala Lumpur Malaysia. In: s.n,