Staff Directory

Muhammad Salahuddin Bin Haris @ Harith

Academic Qualification

  • Ph.D in Pharmaceutical Sciences (Pharmaceutical Technology) - Doctor of Philosophy, International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Master of Science in Pharmaceutical Sciences - Masters Degree, University of Copenhagen
  • Bachelor in Pharmacy - Bachelor Degree, International Islamic University Malaysia

Muhammad Salahuddin Bin Haris @ Harith (Assoc. Prof. Ts. Dr.)

Associate Professor
IIUM Kuantan Campus


Expert Profile

Assoc. Prof. Ts. Dr. Muhammad Salahuddin bin Haris @ Harith joined Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) as an Assistant Lecturer in July 2011. He is currently working as an Associate Professor in the Pharmaceutical Technology Department. He has been the Head of Production Department of IKOP Sdn. Bhd., a GMP pharmaceutical plant, since March 2017. Currently, he is the Editor of the Journal of Pharmacy, an official journal of IIUM Kulliyyah of Pharmacy. He has held the position of Deputy Dean (Academic and Internationalisation), Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, from August 2021 to June 2023. He is also a committee member for the Malaysian Pharmacists Society - Pahang Area Committee from 2023–2025.

He obtained his Bachelor of Pharmacy (Hons.) from International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) in 2010 with a scholarship from Yayasan UEM (formerly owned by Pharmaniaga Sdn. Bhd., the largest Malaysian pharmaceutical company). Dr. Salahuddin was awarded as the Best Student for Co-Curricular Activities from IIUM during the 26th IIUM Convocation Ceremony, 2010. In the same year, Pharmaniaga Sdn. Bhd. awarded him as the Best Student for IIUM Kulliyyah of Pharmacy. He completed his 1-year Provisionally Registered Pharmacist (PRP) training at the University Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC), Kuala Lumpur. From July 2011 until now, he has been a Registered Pharmacist (RPh.) with the Pharmacy Board Malaysia. He is also a Life Member of the Malaysian Pharmaceutical Society (MMPS). He is also recognised by the Malaysian Board of Technologists as a Professional Technologist in the Manufacturing and Industrial Technology fields.

In 2011, he was awarded a scholarship from the Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia, to pursue his Master of Pharmaceutical Science (Drug Development) at the School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. His thesis focused on the encapsulation of anticholesterol in solid lipid nanoparticles using electrospray. He graduated on time for his master's in 2013. In 2014, he was again awarded a scholarship from the Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia, to enroll as a PhD candidate in Pharmaceutical Sciences (Pharmaceutical Technology) at IIUM. During his PhD, he was trained in developing a pharmaceutical formulation from the R&D stage until product registration.

His current research interests include drug formulation and drug delivery in technologies such as electrospray, electrospinning, and 3D printing. With various collaborations locally and internationally, he was granted several research and community-based grants amounting to more than RM2 million as the principal investigator and co-researcher. He is also active in supervising undergraduates, master students, and PhD candidates in drug formulation and delivery. 

Area of Specialisation

  • Medical And Health ~ Medical And Health Sciences ~ Pharmacy ~ Nanopharmacy
  • Medical And Health ~ Medical And Health Sciences ~ Pharmacy ~ Pharmaceutical Technology - Industrial Pharmacy
  • Medical And Health ~ Medical And Health Sciences ~ Pharmacy ~ Optimum Drug Design - Design of Experiments

Professional Membership

  • 2012 - 2044: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Life Member), Persatuan Farmasi Malaysia
  • 2019 - 2019: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Member), International Pharmaceutical Federation
  • 2020 - 2022: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Young Professional Member), International Society for Pharmaceutical Engineering
  • 2021: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Mendeley Advisor), Mendeley
  • 2021 - 2024: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Professional Technologist), Malaysian Board of Technologists
  • 2022 - 2023: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Member), Society of Chemical Industry

Teaching Responsibilities

DOSAGE DESIGN I 2019/2020 2018/2019 2017/2018
DOSAGE DESIGN II 2020/2021 2019/2020 2018/2019
E-COMMERCE 2023/2024 2022/2023
HALAL PHARMACEUTICAL 2023/2024 2022/2023
INDUSTRIAL PHARMACY 2021/2022 2020/2021 2019/2020 2018/2019 2017/2018
INDUSTRIAL TRAINING 2023/2024 2022/2023
ISLAMIC INPUT IN PHARMACY 2023/2024 2022/2023 2018/2019
PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCE 2022/2023 2021/2022 2020/2021 2019/2020
PHARMACEUTICS II : DISPERSE SYSTEMS 2023/2024 2022/2023 2021/2022
PHARMACEUTICS III : SOLIDS AND OTHER DOSAGE FORMS 2023/2024 2022/2023 2021/2022 2020/2021
RESEARCH PROJECT 1 2021/2022 2020/2021 2019/2020 2018/2019
RESEARCH PROJECT 2 2021/2022 2020/2021 2019/2020
RESEARCH PROJECT-LITERATURE SEARCH 2020/2021 2019/2020 2018/2019
STERILIZATION AND ASEPTIC TECHNOLOGY 2019/2020 2018/2019 2017/2018


Formulation And Characterisation Of 3d-Printed Isoniazid Tablet Using Hot-Melt Extrusion And Fused Deposition Modelling.
Master Completed 2023 Main Supervisor
Amphiphilic Polycaprolactone-B-Polyethylene Glycol Star-Shaped Polymers Hydrogel Blend Towards Wound Healing Application.
Master Completed 2022 Co-supervisor
Ascorbic Acid Loaded Plga Nanoparticles Gel As Potential Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Site-Specific Treatment.
Master Completed 2021 Main Supervisor
Dual Compartment 3d Printed Tablet Containing Isoniazid And Pyridoxine: Formulation And Characterisation.
Master In Progress Main Supervisor
Development, Characterisation, Microbial And Stability Studies Of Flaxseed Oil Ointment For Wound Healing.
Master In Progress Main Supervisor
Formulation And Characterisation Of Lignocaine-Adrenaline Nanosuspension Gingival Retraction Cord For Painless And Haemostatic Effects.
Master In Progress Co-supervisor
Optimization Extraction Of Collagen And Calcium From Stichopus Horrens Using Response Surface Methodology (Rsm).
Master In Progress Co-supervisor

Research Projects

2023 - 2023 3 in 1 Lipgloss Serum Project
2021 - 2024 Encapsulation of Malaysian Patin Oil-loaded Alginate Microbeads Prototype for Supporting Children's Growth
2020 - 2023 Pharmacological Evaluation of a novel chloro-containing flavonoid molecule (KR-2001-KW) as an anticancer agent
2020 - 2022 Document Preparation for Performance Qualification of Pharmaceutical Equipment
2019 - 2023 Prototype development of process analytical technology (PAT) continuous production line for Nigella sativa oil (NSO)-alginate microparticles
2019 - 2021 Development, Characterization and Invitro Study of Flax Seed Oil Ointment for Wound Healing
2019 - 2022 Development and characterization of nanofibers patch containing nicotine using electrospinning: a novel approach as nicotine replacement therapy.
2019 - 2022 A novel alternative for higher tablet load of isoniazid and pyridoxine in a single 3D printed tablet for the better compliance among tuberculosis patients.
2018 - 2022 Ascorbic Acid PLGA Nanoparticles Incorporated With Carbopol-Honey Oral Gel Intended To Treat Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma
2018 - 2022 Black Seed Oil Alginate Beads
2018 - 2020 Microencapsulation of royal jelly in alginate beads using electrospray: a quality-by-design (QbD) approach.
2013 - 2017 Fusion Prophetic Medicine (Honey) and Contemporary Medicine (Paracetamol) as a Future Greener Pharmaceutical
2024 - Present Ginger and Black Seed Oil Microencapsulated in Alginate Beads for Massage Application by Spraying Technique
2023 - Present Pragmatic Strategies for the Delivery of Phytodrugs Across Blood Brain Barrier Through Plant Derived Exosomes for the Management of Neuroinflammatory Diseases
2023 - Present Economic Empowerment Project for Single Mothers and Housewives from B40 Families through a Sustainable Community-based Stingless bee Project of Desa Kelulut
2022 - Present Physical and biological modulation of lignocaine-adrenaline nanosuspension gingival retraction cord for pain reduction and haemostatic effects
2022 - Present Synthesis and Computer-Aided Analysis of Novel Chromone-Based KR-1401-KW Derivatives as COX-2/PGE2 Suppressor Against Cancer-prone Chronic Inflammatory Diseases
2022 - Present Knowledge Transfer Project on Good Agricultural Practices of Pesticide-Free Chili Fertigation and Stingless Bee Integrated Farming for the B40 Members of `Persatuan Anak Kuantan Utara (PAKUTA)?
2021 - Present Perspective of Pharmacists and Patients Towards Patient-Centered Mental Health Pharmacy Services
2021 - Present Enhanced Peak Current in Nicotine Detection using Electrochemical-based Screen Printed Electrodes Modified with Chitosan-Reduced Graphene Oxide Nanocomposite
2021 - Present Investigation on the Use of Sarawak Native Plant, Engkala Bark in Neurodegenerative Disease

Award & Recognition

06 Nov, 2023 Silver Medal - Others National
03 Nov, 2023 Wikipedia Award - KOP Appreciation Day 2023 KCDIO
21 Oct, 2023 Gold Medal - Others National
03 Nov, 2022 Silver Medal - Pecipta22 National
21 Oct, 2022 Gold Medal - Others National



2024 Nicotine-loaded polyvinyl alcohol electrospun nanofibers as transdermal patches for smoking cessation: formulation and characterization. Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal, 57 (10) pp. 1637-1646
2024 Non-lamellar lyotropic liquid crystalline nanoparticles as nanocarriers for enhanced drug encapsulation of atorvastatin calcium and proanthocyanidins. Chemistry and Physics of Lipids, 260 (May 2024) pp.
2024 Zebrafish housing: the recirculating and cost-effective open design aquaria system. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, 47 (1) pp. 201-212
2023 A systematic review on effectiveness of Nicotine-Based and Non-Nicotine Based drug delivery system for smoking cessation among the elderly. Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences, 19 (1) pp. 232-241
2023 An insight into the use and advantages of Carbopol in topical mucoadhesive drug delivery system: A systematic review. Journal of Pharmacy, 3 (1) pp. 53-65
2023 Ascorbic acid-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles incorporated into a polyacrylic acid gel as a promising tool for site-specific oral cancer therapy. Thai Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 46 (6) pp. 696-710
2023 Beneficial Outcomes of Omega-6 and Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on malnourished children: a scoping review. Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences, 19 (6) pp. 285-296
2023 Hydrophobic drug carrier from polycaprolactone-b-poly(ethylene glycol) star-shaped polymers hydrogel blend as potential for wound healing application. Polymers, 15 (9) pp. 1-22
2023 Integrated farming of stingless bee and pesticide-free chilli fertigation: sharing experience from knowledge transfer project (KTP-RIGS) with Persatuan Anak Kuantan Utara and Organic Farm Venture. Revelation and Science, 1 (Special Issue 1) pp. 71-79
2023 PEGylated liposomes enhance the effect of cytotoxic drug: A review. Heliyon, 9 (3) pp. 1-13
2023 Spectrophotometric simultaneous analytical method validation to determine isoniazid and pyridoxine in pure and 3D printed tablet forms. Journal of Pharmacy, 3 (1) pp. 9-18
2023 Stability study of royal jelly in alginate-pectin beads. Journal of Pharmacy, 3 (1) pp. 38-52
2022 Attenuated Total Reflectance-Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy coupled with principal component analysis and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) assay for the detection of porcine and bovine gelatins in dental materials. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 33 (2) pp. 133-153
2022 Effectiveness of nicotine-based and non-nicotine based drug delivery system for smoking cessation among the elderly. Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences, () pp.
2022 Gelatin-based hemostatic agents for medical and dental application at a glance: a narrative literature review. The Saudi Dental Journal, 34 (8) pp. 699-707
2022 Natural products-based metallic nanoparticles as antimicrobial age. Frontier in Pharmacology, 13 (895616) pp. 1-14
2022 Poly(caprolactone)-b-poly(ethylene glycol)-based polymeric micelles as drug carriers for efficient breast cancer therapy: a systematic review. Polymers, 14 (22) pp. 1-25
2022 Systematic literature review on 3D printing personalised food for the elderly. Malaysian Journal of Science, 41 (3) pp. 69-89
2022 Systematic literature review on methodology and manufacturing process of personalized tablet using selective laser Sintering technology. Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy, 33 (1) pp. 1-21
2021 A review of black seed extract as an agent in the wound healing process. Journal of Pharmacy, 1 (2) pp. 87-96
2021 Biomedical application of responsive ‘smart’ electrospun nanofibers in drug delivery system: a minireview. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 14 (7) pp.
2021 Determination of the fluoride content of Malaysian commercial teas. Scientific Dental Journal, 5 (3) pp. 68-73
2021 Nanotechnology for molecular imaging of atherosclerosis: current design and approaches. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 81 (2) pp. 124-138
2021 Systematic review of flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) extract and formulation in wound healing. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacognosy Research, 10 (1) pp. 1-12
2021 The positive impact of vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) utilisation in cancer treatment: a scoping review of published articles from the perspective of the in vitro studies. Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences, 17 (4) pp. 275-284
2021 Tooth morphometry and pattern of palatal rugae among monozygotic twins in Malaysia. Journal of Orofacial Sciences, 13 (1) pp. 39-46
2020 3D-printed drugs: A fabrication of pharmaceuticals towards personalized medicine. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 54 (3s) pp. S411-S422
2020 A glimpse on the function of chitosan as a dental hemostatic agent. Japanese Dental Science Review, 56 () pp. 147-154
2020 Optimisation of alginate-pectin bead formulation using central composite design guided electrospray technique. International Food Research Journal, 28 (4) pp. 860-870
2020 PAX9 polymorphism in non-syndromic hypodontia in the Malaysian population. Journal of International Dental and Medical Research, 13 (3) pp. 1130-1135
2020 Screening of electrospray operating parameters in the production of alginate-royal jelly microbeads using factorial design. Journal of Pharmacy And Bioallied Sciences, 12 (6) pp. 703-706
2020 Screening of electrosprayoperating parameters in the production of alginate–royal jelly microbeads using factorial design. Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences, 12 (6) pp. 703-706
2016 Spectrophotometric determination of gentamicin loaded PLGA microparticles and method validation via ninhydrin-gentamicin complex as a rapid quantification approach. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 6 (1) pp. 7-14
Conference or Workshop Item

2023 Optimisation of lignocaine-adrenaline nanoemulsion using central composite design for gingival retraction cord application. In: IIUM National Oral Health Research Initiatives (NOHRI) Conference,
2022 A scoping study of sea cucumber as a new therapeutic agent in wounds healing treatment. In: IIUM Research and Innovation Day 2022,
2022 Extraction of fish oil by using wet rendering from Patin fish (Pangasianodon Hypophthalmus). In: International Conference on Pharmaceutical Sciences ICOPS@IIUM2022,
2022 Optimization of calcium extraction from Stichopus Horrens using sulphuric acid. In: 4th International Conference on Chemistry, Chemical Process and Engineering (IC3PE) 2022,
2022 Selection of polymers for Isoniazid through drug-polymer compatibility testing. In: International Conference on Pharmaceutical Sciences ICOPS@IIUM2022,
2022 Synthesis of flavone-based compounds as ros-dependent apoptosis inducers in colorectal cancer. In: International Conference on Pharmaceutical Sciences ICOPS@IIUM2022, 08-09 August 2022, IIUM, Kuantan.,
2021 Ascorbic acid loaded PLGA nanoparticles gel intended to treat oral squamous cell carcinoma. In: 6th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering 2021,
2021 Development of Ciprofloxacin-loaded PCL-PEG Hydrogel. In: The 12th International Fundamental Science Congress 2021,
2021 Hepatoprotective effect of paracetamol-honey suspension. In: International Conference on Traditional Medicine (ICTM),
2021 Journey of academician pharmacist. In: Career Talk 2.0,
2021 Pharmaceutical formulation optimisation using design of experiment (DOE): an overview. In: KOP Teh Tarik Talk Series,
2021 Preparation of six arms Pcl-b-Peg star-shaped polymer hydrogel. In: 7th International Conference on Advancement in Science & Technlogy,
2020 Encapsulation of fenofibrate in solid lipid microparticles by central composite face-centred guided by electrospray. In: International Research Conference on Pharmaceutical and Allied Sciences (IRCPAS 2020),
2020 Formulating and characterizing safe lipidic liquid crystalline nanoparticles of Atorvastatin and Oligomeric Proanthocyanidin for Atherosclerotic disease treatment. In: 8th International Symposium on Applied Engineering and Sciences (SAES2020),
2019 Effects of different mixing methods towards black seed oil-alginate emulsion characteristics.. In: International Conference on Pharmaceutical Research and Pharmacy Practice cum 14th IIUM-MPS Pharmacy Scientific Conference (ICPRP 2019),
2019 Screening of electrospray operating parameters in the production of alginate-royal jelly microbeads using factorial design. In: International Conference on Pharmaceutical Research and Pharmacy Practice cum 14th IIUM-MPS Pharmacy Scientific Conference (ICPRP 2019),
2016 Characterization and evaluation of analgesic and antipyretic activities of paracetamol honey suspension (PHS) in rats. In: 1st Asia Conference on Pharmaceutical Science,
2016 Compatibility study between paracetamol and pharmaceutical excipients used in liquid dosage forms. In: International Conference on Industrial Pharmacy (2nd ICIP 2016),
2013 Fusion between contemporary medicine (paracetamol) and prophetic medicine (honey) as pharmaceutical suspension. In: 3rd International Conference on Medicinal Use of Honeybee Products,

2021 Abstract for 3rd World Congress on Integration and Islamicisation 2021: mental health & well being in the 4th Industrial Revolution. UPM Press, ISBN:
Book Section

2022 Development of Ciprofloxacin-loaded PCL-PEG Hydrogels. In: Universiti Putra Malaysia, ISBN: , pp.
2021 Keselamatan dan Keberkesanan Ubat-ubatan dalam Merawat Pesakit COVID-19 di Malaysia dan Indonesia. In: UPSI Press, ISBN: , pp. 181-209

2017 MIGRS 13-01-001-0008 Fusion prophetic medicine (honey) and contemporary medicine (paracetamol) as a future greener pharmaceutical. In: ,