Staff Directory

Ali Sophian

Academic Qualification

  • Electronic and Engineering - Doctor of Philosophy, University of Huddersfield
  • Electronic and Information Engineering - Bachelor Degree, University of Huddersfield

Ali Sophian (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)

Associate Professor
IIUM Gombak Campus


Other's position:

Head of Department, Kulliyyah of Engineering

Expert Profile

Dr. Ali Sophian C.Eng, obtained his BEng and Ph.D from the University of Huddersfield in UK. His PhD project was funded by the University of Huddersfield and Cambridge-based TWI Ltd. He also received the Overseas Research Scheme grant from the Universities, UK during his PhD.
Following the completion of his Ph.D, he was appointed as a Research Fellow at the same university on a collaborative project with Warwick University. The project was on electromagnetic NDT sensors and funded by the EPSRC. After the end of the project, he joined the mechatronics group, under the Advanced Engineering Department, at Cummins Turbo Technologies (CTT) in England. While he was a senior mechatronics engineer, he became a chartered engineer and co-authored a world patent on variable turbo geometry.
He also successfully co-supervised a Ph.D student at the University of Manchester, where he was also a member of its Industrial Advisory Group (IAG), in an automotive actuator project. Having spent eight years in the industry, he moved back to academia by joining the Mechatronic Department of Kulliyyah of Engineering at IIUM. Dr. Ali Sophian has written more than 20 scientific papers in Electromagnetic NDT and actuator modelling. He holds a green belt in Design for Six Sigma, a product or process development methodology widely-used in the industry, especially automotive.

Area of Specialisation

  • Engineering Tech ~ Engineering And Technology ~ Electrical and Electronic Engineering ~ Other Electrical and Electronic Engineering n.e.c. - Electronic and Engineering

Professional Membership

  • 2001: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Member), IET
  • 2015: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Member), Malaysian Society for NDT

Teaching Responsibilities

ELECTRICAL MACHINES 2024/2025 2023/2024
MECHATRONICS SYSTEMS LAB 2024/2025 2023/2024


Pavement Crack Detection And Characterization Using Deep Learning And Pixel Level Segmentation.
Ph.D In Progress Main Supervisor
Malaysian Automotive Die Manufacturing Sustainability Strategy : Capacity And Capability Improvements Through Project Managements.
Ph.D In Progress Main Supervisor
Robust Deep Learning Based Open World Mask Face Recognition.
Master Completed 2023 Co-supervisor
Energy Efficiency Optimization Of Three Phase Induction Motor Drives For Industrial Application.
Master Completed 2023 Co-supervisor
Pulsed Eddy Current Sensors For Corrosion Assessment.
Master Completed 2021 Main Supervisor
Measurement Method Of Ultrasound Wave For Characterization Of Extra Virgin Olive Oil.
Master Completed 2021 Co-supervisor
A Machine-Learning-Based Fingertip Recognition Towards Assisting Hand Rehabilitation.
Master Completed 2020 Main Supervisor
Automated Farming System Using Distributed Controller: A Feasibility Study .
Master Completed 2020 Co-supervisor
Pulsed Eddy Current Ndt For Quantitative Evaluation Of Inclined Cracks.
Master Completed 2018 Main Supervisor
Road Surface Cracks Characterization And Classification Based On Machine Learning And Visio.
Master In Progress Main Supervisor
Modelling And Optimization Of Micro Electro-Discharge Machining Process Using Machine Learning.
Master In Progress Co-supervisor

Research Projects

2019 - 2020 Advanced NDE Methods
2018 - 2018 PEC for Inspection of CUI in Pipes
2018 - 2023 Analysis of static tactile graphics perception of the visually impaired persons towards the development of refreshable tactile graphic display devices.
2018 - 2021 A Research on Water Mist Spray Application as Novel Muslim Technoscape Globalization
2018 - 2022 A Novel Mathematical Formulation of Hybrid Piezoelectric and Electromagnetic Dynamics for Micro Energy Harvesting
2016 - 2019 Development of a Prototype of Carbon Nanotube based Angular Sensor
2016 - 2018 Investigation of the Effects of Various Defects in Metallic Specimens on the Spatial Distribution of Pulsed Eddy Currents
2016 - 2020 Investigation and Characterization of Ultrasonic Reflection Utilising Spectrum Unfolding for High Value Pure Liquid Materials
2015 - 2018 Multisensor Data Fusion Algorithm for Contact-Less 3D Position Measurement for Post-Stroke Hand Rehabilitation
2023 - Present Critical Review Articles of Engineering Ethics from Islamic Perspective
2023 - Present Pulsed Eddy Current for Corrosion under Insulation
2022 - Present Development of Artificial Intelligence-based predictive model for the micro electro-discharge machining (Micro EDM) process carried out in DT110
2022 - Present Prototyping of a hybrid machine combining laser beam micromachining (LBMM) and micro electro-discharge machining (uEDM)
2021 - Present A New Algorithm based on Convolutional Neural Network and Pixel-Level Segmentation for Pavement Crack Characterization
2019 - Present Pulsed Eddy Current System Prototype for Assessment of Under-Insulation Corrosion
2018 - Present A New Biometrics Authentication Method Based on Fingertips Epidermis Layer Thickness Measurement
2017 - Present Application of Solar Energy Through Scheffler Collector System in Equator Region for Melting Metal at 300 Celcius

Award & Recognition

25 Jul, 2022 KOE Takrim Award - High Impact Responsible Research - Kulliyyah of Engineering, IIUM KCDIO
01 Dec, 2005 Best Paper Award - The British Institue of NDT International



2021 Development of digital signage for primary school using raspberry pi. Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education (TURCOMAT), 12 (3) pp. 1394-1399
2020 Conventional and intelligent models for detection and prediction of fluid loss events during drilling operations: a comprehensive review. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 195 (December 2020) pp.
2020 Wireless power transfer-based eddy current non-destructive testing using a flexible printed coil array. Philosophical transactions. Series A, Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences, 378 (2182) pp.
2019 Image-based feature extraction technique for inclined crack quantification using pulsed eddy current. Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering (English Edition), 32 (1) pp. 1-9
2019 Modelling of scanning pulsed eddy current testing of normal and slanted surface cracks. Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 16 (3) pp. 1297-1302
2019 Quantitative evaluation of crack depths and angles for pulsed eddy current non-destructive testing. NDT and E International, 102 () pp. 180-188
2018 Image enhancement background for high damage Malay manuscripts using adaptive threshold binarization. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, 8 (4-2) pp. 1552-1564
2018 Visual-based fingertip detection for hand rehabilitation. Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 9 (2) pp. 474-480
2017 Evaluation of 3D-distance measurement accuracy of stereo-vision systems. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, 12 (16) pp. 5946-5951
2017 Fingertip detection using histogram of gradients and support vector machine. Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 8 (2) pp. 482-486
2017 Pulsed eddy current imaging of inclined surface cracks. Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Informatics, 5 (4) pp. 309-316
2017 Pulsed eddy current non-destructive testing and evaluation: A review. Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, () pp.
2016 Markerless detection of fingertips of object-manipulating hand. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11 (23) pp. 1-5
2008 Data fusion for defect characterisation using a dual probe system . Sensors and Actuators A: Physical , 144 (1) pp. 222 - 228
2008 Feature extraction and selection for defect classification of pulsed eddy current NDT. NDT & E International , 41 (6) pp. 467 - 476
2006 Dual EMAT and PEC non-contact probe: applications to defect testing. NDT & E International , 39 (1) pp. 45 - 52
2006 Pulsed magnetic flux leakage techniques for crack detection and characterisation . Sensors and Actuators A: Physical , 125 () pp. 186-191
2005 Defect classification using a new feature for pulsed eddy current sensors . NDT & E International , 38 (1) pp. 77 - 82
2005 Multiple sensors on pulsed eddy-current detection for 3-D subsurface crack assessment. Sensors Journal, IEEE, 5 (1) pp. 90-96
2005 Reduction of lift-off effects for pulsed eddy current NDT . NDT & E International , 38 (4) pp. 319 - 324
2005 Wavelet-based PCA defect classification and quantification for pulsed eddy current NDT. Science, Measurement and Technology, IEE Proceedings -, 152 (4) pp. 141-148
2003 A feature extraction technique based on principal component analysis for pulsed Eddy current {NDT} . NDT & E International , 36 (1) pp. 37 - 41
Conference or Workshop Item

2020 Non-destructive testing (NDT) in industry 4.0: a brief review. In: The 5th International Conference on Science and Technology 2020 (The 5th ICST 2020),
2019 Development of ground truth data for automatic lumbar spine MRI image segmentation. In: IEEE 20th International Conference on High Performance Computing and Communications, 16th IEEE International Conference on Smart City and 4th IEEE International Conference on Data Science and Systems, HPCC/SmartCity/DSS 2018,
2018 Segmentation of lumbar spine MRI images for stenosis detection using patch-based pixel classification neural network. In: 2018 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation, CEC 2018,
2018 Transient Eddy Current NDT: theory, applications and research. In: Malaysia International NDT Conference and Exhibition 2018 (MINDTCE’18),
2017 Development of an automated home-based aquaponics system. In: First Biannual Engineering Conference on Undergraduate Research (1ST- BIECUR 2017),
2017 Eddy current non-destructive testing of renewable energy systems. In: Borneo International Conference on Applied Mathematics and Engineering,
2017 Effect of temperature on ultrasonic signal propagation for extra virgin olive oil adulteration. In: 6th International Conference on Mechatronics - ICOM'17,
2017 Effects of coil diameter in thickness measurement using pulsed Eddy Current non-destructive testing. In: 6th International Conference on Mechatronics (ICOM'17),
2017 Finite element modelling of pulsed eddy current non-destructive testing for different defect natures. In: the 18th International Symposium on Applied Electromagnetics and Mechanics (ISEM) 2017,
2016 Altitude tracking using colour marker based navigation system for image guided surgery. In: 6th International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering (ICCCE 2016),
2016 Automotive mechatronics: a green technology?. In: The 1st Green Development International Conference 2016,
2014 Computationally efficient brushless permanent magnet motor modelling. In: 7th IET International Conference on Power Electronics, Machines and Drives (PEMD 2014),
2012 Fidelity requirements in brushless permanent magnet motor modelling. In: 6th IET International Conference on Power Electronics, Machines and Drives,

2017 Transient electromagnetic-thermal nondestructive testing. Elsevier, ISBN: 9780128127872
Book Section

2021 Affective computing for visual emotion recognition using convolutional neural networks. In: Springer, ISBN: 9783030709167, pp. 11-20
2021 Multilanguage speech-based gender classification using time-frequency features and SVM classifier. In: Springer, ISBN: , pp. 1-10

2020 Investigation and characterization of ultrasonic reflection utilising spectrum unfolding for high value pure liquid materials. In: ,
2018 Investigation of the effects of various defects in metallic specimens on the spatial distribution of pulsed eddy currents. In: ,
2018 Multisensor Data Fusion Algorithm for Contactless 3D Position Measurement for Post-Stroke Hand Rehabilitation. In: ,