Staff Directory

Mohd Azrul Naim Bin Mohamad

Academic Qualification

  • Doctor of Philosophy (Biotechnology) - Doctor of Philosophy, Wageningen University
  • Biotechnology - Masters Degree, Wageningen University

Mohd Azrul Naim Bin Mohamad (Dr.)

Assistant Professor
IIUM Kuantan Campus


Expert Profile

Terengganu born Mohd Azrul Naim Mohamad had his secondary education at Malay College Kuala Kangsar. Then, he started his BSc studies in Biotechnology at the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), with specialization in Environmental Biotechnology and graduated in 2006. In 2008, he continued with the MSc in Biotechnology at Wageningen University specializing in Marine Biotechnology and obtained his MSc in 2010. His MSc thesis entitled "Biodiversity of Sponge-Associated Microbial Communities of The Dutch Coast" was under the supervision of Dr J. A. M. Perez. In 2010, he started his Ph.D at the Laboratory of Microbiology, Wageningen University under the supervision of Prof. Hauke Smidt and Dr. Ir. Detmer Sipkema. The Ph.D thesis 'Exploring Microbial Diversity of Marine Sponges by Culture-Dependent and Molecular Approaches' was successfully defended on April 30, 2015. Since February 2015 he started working as a lecturer at Kulliyyah of Science.

Area of Specialisation

  • Natural Science ~ Marine Sciences ~ Advancement of Marine Sciences Knowledge ~ Marine Biotechnology - Aquaculture, Aquatic Ecology, Biodiversity, Biotechnology, Genomics, Microbiology, Molecular Biology

Teaching Responsibilities

BASIC GENETIC ENGINEERING 2020/2021 2019/2020 2018/2019 2017/2018 2016/2017 2015/2016
BIODIVERSITY 2017/2018 2016/2017
BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION 2023/2024 2022/2023 2021/2022
ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING 2024/2025 2023/2024 2022/2023 2021/2022 2020/2021
GENETICS 2024/2025 2023/2024 2022/2023 2021/2022 2020/2021 2019/2020 2018/2019 2017/2018
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY 2023/2024 2022/2023 2021/2022 2020/2021 2019/2020 2018/2019 2017/2018 2016/2017 2015/2016
RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY 2024/2025 2023/2024 2022/2023 2021/2022 2020/2021 2019/2020


Artificial Live Rock As Coral Substrates And Biological Filter.
Ph.D Completed 2023 Member Supervisory Committee
In Vitro Study On The Mechanism Of Actions Of Virgin Coconut (Cocos Nucifera) Oil In Combatting Oral Cariogenic Pathogens .
Ph.D Completed 2023 Co-supervisor
Functional Metagenomics And Cultured-Based Approaches For The Discovery Of Cold-Active Proteolytic Enzymes From The Antarctic Region.
Ph.D Completed 2021 Co-supervisor
Bacterial Diversity Associated With Red Seaweeds, Gracilaria Manilaensis & Laurencia Sp., Found In Peninsular Malaysia .
Ph.D Completed 2020 Main Supervisor
Microbiome Of Two Sympatric Sponges From Lang Tengah Island, Terengganu.
Master Completed 2023 Main Supervisor
The Effects Of Activated Virgin Coconut Oil (Avco) And Virgin Coconut Oil (Vco) On Cell Membrane Of Candida Albicans .
Master Completed 2019 Co-supervisor
Bacterial Community Of Marine Sponges From Pulau Bidong And Pulau Karah, Terengganu And The Haloacid Degrading Potential.
Master Completed 2019 Co-supervisor
Uncovering Microbial Community Assemblages Associated With Soil Of The South-East Pahang Peat Swamp Forest.
Master Completed 2018 Co-supervisor
Investigating Aluminum Uptake And Optimizing Rna Extraction Protocols For Molecular Analysis In Melastoma Malabathricum.
Master In Progress Co-supervisor

Research Projects

2022 - 2023 Sci-ON
2020 - 2022 The Effectiveness of EM Mudball in Remediating Balok River
2018 - 2023 Isolation, Identification And Characterization Of Microbial Producing Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) Isolated From Palm Oil Mill Effluent
2018 - 2022 Environmental DNA Metabarcoding of Fishes in Balok River Kuantan, Pahang
2017 - 2021 Phytomining of gold from mine wastes by Jatropha Curcas
2015 - 2018 Fungal-Assisted Composting (FAC) Approach of Organic Waste
2015 - 2017 Bacterial-Assisted Composting (BAC) of Food Waste
2024 - Present Environmental Impact Assessment for "The Proposed 6047.00 Hectares (14942.46 Acres) of Forest Plantation Development in Part of Compartment 24, 25, 26, 27, 29, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 46, 47, 48, 53, 56, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148 & 149 of Kemasul Forest Reserve, Mukim Semantan, Mentakab & Perak, District of Temerloh & In Part of Compartment 135, 136, 137, 139, 140, 141, 142 of Kemasul Forest Reserve, Mukim Pelangai, District of Bentong, Pahang Darul Makmur
2024 - Present Metagenomics Analysis of Bacterial Diversity and Their Functional Profiles in The Water and Periphytic Biofilms from Cage Culture System in Pahang River
2023 - Present Unravelling Microbial Communities in the Rhizosphere of Dipterocarpaceae through Metagenomic approach
2023 - Present Environmental Impact Assessment for "Proposed Oil Palm Plantation Development on 8,094.43 Hectares (20,000 Acres) Land on Lot 16393 - Lot 16397 and Lot 16406 - Lot 16410 in Mukim Tembeling, District of Jerantut, Pahang Darul Makmur
2022 - Present Metagenomic Study of the Unchartered Nearshore Reefs in Kuantan Coastal Water
2017 - Present Development of Effective Microbes for Decomposition Process
2017 - Present In Situ Enzymatic Saccharification of Seawater Pretreated Lignocellulosic by Using Setiu Wetland Halophilic Fungi (SeHF)
2017 - Present Conversion of Waste from Fish and Aquaculture Industry into Value-added Products
2017 - Present Process Development in Simultaneous Saccharification and Co-Fermentation (SSCF) of Monosaccharide Sugars from Jatropha Curcas Seed Cake for Optimum Biothanol Production
2015 - Present Sponge-associated fungal diversity with functional analysis of halogenase and cellulase



2024 Baseline amplicon sequencing data for the ITS2 region in the green honey of Banggi Island, Sabah. Data in Brief, 52 (1) pp. 1-8
2024 Green honey of Banggi Island: a preliminary anti-diabetic study on zebrafish model. Heliyon, 10 (4) pp. 1-8
2024 Metal uptake and tolerance in hyperaccumulator plants: advancing phytomining strategies. Rhizosphere, 29 (100836) pp. 2452-2198
2023 Biodegradation of Petroleum Sludge by Methylobacterium sp. Strain ZASH. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 34 (2) pp. 197-222
2023 The first ITS2 sequence data set of eDNA from honey of Malaysian giant honeybees (Apis dorsata) and stingless bees (Heterotrigona itama) reveals plant species diversity. BMC Research Notes, 16 () pp. 1-4
2022 Complete whole genome sequencing of Vibrio parahaemolyticus strain UMP001VA, isolated from sea cucumber Holothuria leucospilota from Malaysia harbouring blaCARB-33 gene. Materials Today: Proceedings, () pp.
2022 Genome sequence dataset of Bacillus altitudinis strain ST14 isolated from Tunggak River in Gebeng Industrial Park, Kuantan, Pahang. Data in Brief, () pp.
2021 Growth of Gracilaria manilaensis Yamamoto et Trono (Rhodophyta) under different light intensities, salinities and pH. Borneo Journal of Marine Science and Aquaculture, 5 (2) pp. 53-56
2021 Phytoremediation of Arsenic in Mine Wastes by Acacia mangium. Remediation, 2021 () pp. 1-11
2020 De novo transcriptome dataset of Stevia rebaudiana accession MS007. Data in Brief, 28 () pp. 1-3
2020 Discovery of cold-active protease from psychrophilic bacteria isolated from Antarctic region for bio-prospecting. Malaysian Applied Biology, 49 (1) pp. 55-60
2020 Diversity of cultivable bacteria by strategic enrichment isolated from farmed edible red seaweed, Gracilaria sp.. Journal Clean WAS (JCleanWAS), 4 (1) pp. 17-20
2020 Environmental forensic study: tracing of pollution sources using environmetric technique in Balok and Tunggak Rivers near Gebeng industrial area, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. Desalination and Water Treatment, 191 () pp. 118-125
2020 Functional profiling of bacterial communities in Lake Tuz using 16S rRNA gene sequences. Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment, 35 (1) pp. 1-10
2020 Functional profiling of bacterial communities in Lake Tuz using 16S rRNA gene sequences. Biotechnology and Biotechnological Equipment, 35 (1) pp. 1-10
2020 Mechanism of antifungal activity of virgin coconut oil on cell membrane of Candida Albicans. Journal of International Dental and Medical Research, 13 (3) pp. 903-908
2019 Application of direct fluorescence-based live/dead staining for assessment of antifungal activity of coconut oil against candida albicans. Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences, 23 (5) pp. 1-6
2019 Composting of food waste and its product performance on ipomoea aquatica. International Journal of Allied Health Sciences, 3 (3: Special Issue: Research Towards Sustainable Development Goals) pp. 818
2019 Treatment of dye wastewater by functionalization of bentonite-methylene blue with sodium persulfate. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, 7 (2) pp. 229-233
2018 Assessment of composting technologies for organic waste management. International Journal of Technology, 9 (8) pp. 1579-1587
2018 Comparative genomics highlights symbiotic capacities and high metabolic flexibility of the marine genus pseudovibrio. Genome Biology and Evolution, 10 (1) pp. 125-142
2017 Fungi found in Mediterranean and North Sea sponges: how specific are they?. PeerJ, 2017 (9) pp. 1-19
2017 High quality DNA from peat soil for metagenomic studies: A minireview on DNA extraction methods. Science Heritage Journal, () pp. 1-6
2015 Isolation and identification of 3-chloropropionic acid degrading bacterium from marine spong. Jurnal Teknologi (Sciences & Engineering) , 77 (25) pp. 71-75
2014 Host-specific microbial communities in three sympatric North Sea sponges. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 90 (2) pp. 390-403
2013 Detection of Keto Synthase (KS) gene domain in sponges and bacterial sponges. Annales Bogoriensis, 17 (2) pp. 27-33
2012 Studies on water quality and pathogenic bacteria in coastal water Langkawi, Malaysia. Journal of Environmental Biology, 33 (4) pp. 831-835
Conference or Workshop Item

2022 Effect of ethanol treatment on shrinkage of oil palm trunk for the drying process. In: 1st International Academic Research Conference (iAReCo 2022),
2019 Composting of food waste and its product performance on Ipomoea aquatica. In: Kuantan Research Day 2019,
2019 Isolation Of Marine Sponge-associated Fungi From Bidong And Karah Islands. In: KOS Postgraduate Colloquium,
2018 Eukaryotic diversity of marine sponges from Bidong Island, Malaysia. In: KOS PG Colloquium 2018,
2018 From sea to terrestrial environment: multifaceted approach of understanding natural biomes. In: International Seminar on Biosciences & Medical Engineering (ISBME) 2018,
2018 Gracilaria manilaensis as an alternative food source. In: National Seminar on Rural Entrepreneurship Development for Poverty Eradication,
2018 Sequence based analysis of fungi associated with decomposition. In: National Seminar on Rural Entrepreneurship Development for Poverty Eradication,
2018 The uncultivated majority of peat swamp bacterial and archaeal communities. In: 34th Symposium of the Malaysian Society for Microbiology 2018,
2018 Valorization of fish processing waste: a microbial perspective. In: 1st Euro-Mediterranean Conference for Environmental Integration (EMCEI),

2015 Exploring microbial diversity of marine sponges by culture-dependent and molecular approach. Wageningen University, ISBN: 9789462572867
Book Section

2020 DNA barcoding and molecular phylogeny of indigenous bacteria in fishes from a tropical tidal river in Malaysia. In: Springer, ISBN: 978-3-030-50074-0, pp. 219-235
2018 DNA barcoding and molecular phylogeny of indigenous bacteria in fishes from a tropical tidal river in Malaysia. In: Springer, ISBN: 978-3-319-90679-9, pp. 351-367

2018 Identification of 3CP-Degrading bacteria from marine sponge and its β-dehalogenase gene. In: ,