Staff Directory

Ratnawati Bt Mohd. Asraf

Academic Qualification

  • Ph.D in Multi Lingual/Multi Cultural Education - Doctor of Philosophy, Florida State University
  • Master in Education - Masters Degree, Northern Illinois University
  • Bachelor in Biology - Bachelor Degree, Northern Illinois University
  • Certificate in Teaching (TESL) - Certificate, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka

Ratnawati Bt Mohd. Asraf (Prof. Dr.)

IIUM Gombak Campus


Other's position:

Head, Kulliyyah of Education

Expert Profile

Professor Dr. Ratnawati Mohd Asraf graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in Biology in 1977 and a Master of Science degree in Secondary Education in 1979 from Northern Illinois University. In 1995, she obtained her Ph.d from Florida State University, graduating Summa Cum Laude with a CGPA of 3.98 in Multilingual/Multicultural Education; and inducted into the Phi Kappa Phi Honour Society in recognition of academic excellence for being in the top 5% of the graduating year.
Dr. Ratnawati Mohd Asraf is currently a professor at the Faculty of Education, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), and Dean of the Research Management Centre, IIUM. She has had over 27 years of experience as an academic in the university, and is actively involved in teaching and research-receiving the Quality Research Award in 2011; Outstanding Researcher Award in 2010; IIUM Outstanding Researcher Award, Institute of Education Outstanding Researcher Award, and Quality Research Award in 2009; and Quality Research Award in 2003.
She is also actively involved in consultancy-as a lead consultant in more than ten projects commissioned by the Malaysian Science and Technology Information Centre (MASTIC); under the Ministry of Science and Technology, a lead consultant in the project, "R&D and Innovation in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia", a project awarded by the King Abdul Aziz City for Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia; as well as projects involving UNICEF and the Ministry of Education Malaysia. Her professional training and research has been in the areas of teacher education, curriculum and instructions, second language learning and teaching, literacy, and the use of statistics in educational research. She has published numerous books and articles in the fields of teacher education, second language teaching and learning, literacy, and the use of statistics in educational research.

Area of Specialisation

  • Humanities ~ Humanities ~ Linguistics and Literature ~ Language Acquisition (Including First Language Acquisition, SLA, Bilingualism, Foreign Language Learning)

Teaching Responsibilities

ACTION RESEARCH FOR ESL TEACHER 2023/2024 2022/2023 2021/2022
ISSUES IN TESL 2023/2024 2022/2023 2020/2021 2019/2020 2018/2019 2017/2018 2016/2017
MEETING THE LITERACY NEEDS OF ESL LEARNERS 2021/2022 2020/2021 2019/2020 2018/2019 2017/2018

Research Projects

2018 - 2023 Teaching Students with Learning Disabilities in the Special Education and Inclusive Education Setting
2018 - 2019 Kajian Bibliometrik Kebangsaan (Tahun 2001-2017)
2016 - 2018 Investigating Strategies Used by ESL Language Learners in Acquiring English Language at the Tertiary Level
2016 - 2020 Metacognition, Motivation and Vocabulary Learning
2016 - 2020 An Exploration of Voice in Academic Writing Among Tertiary Level Students: A Case Study in IIUM
2016 - 2020 A Framework for Developing Critical Thinking Ability Among Students
2015 - 2019 A New Framework for Developing Critical Thinking through Critical Reading in the Secondary School Literature Classroom
2013 - 2016 Narrowing the Gender Gap: Investing the Factors that Influence Malaysian Boys' Literacy Development and Profiling their Literacy Needs
2011 - 2011 Issues in Education (KVC Project 2011)
2011 - 2011 Issues in TESL (KVC Project 2011)
2011 - 2013 Survey On Research And development Activities In Malaysia for The Financial Years 2008 - 2011
2007 - 2011 The Reading Habits of Primary School Students and Parental Involvement in their Children's Reading: A Case of Four Schools in the State of Selangor
2007 - 2011 Quality in Higher Education and the ISO 9000: A Case Study of the Perceptions of IIUM Academic Staff
1996 - Master of Education at Malaysian Universities, 1991-95: A Methodological Analysis
- 2011 National Survey for Research, Development & Innovation Activities in Private Sector Saudi Arabia 2008
- 2010 Malaysian Science and Technology Indicators 2010
- 2008 National Survey on Research & Development - 2008 report
- 2006 National Survey of R&D
- 2005 Survey on Public Awareness of Science & Technology in Malaysia
2023 - Present Teaching dyslexic students in inclusive classrooms: Learning from the lived experience of teachers
2020 - Present Developing Critical Thinking Through Critical Reading in the Tertiary English Classroom
2019 - Present A Psychological-Educational Framework for Fostering a Healthy and Active Lifestyle in the Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes.
2018 - Present An investigation of the challenges that students face in reading and writing in English and the strategies they use to read and write in English.
2018 - Present Developing a Framework to Enhance Entrepreneurial Oral English Communication Skills among Students of Public Universities in Malaysia
2018 - Present University Ranking: Issues and Challenges Facing the Academia
2018 - Present Developing an Improved Pedagogical Framework to Prepare Students for the 4th Industrial Revolution
2016 - Present Enhancing Reading Skills of HEI's ESL Pre-sessional Students via Web-Based Reading Programme
2016 - Present A Framework for Differentated Instruction for High-Functioning Children With Learning Disabilities in Inclusive Education Settings

Award & Recognition

26 May, 2011 Bronze Medal, IRIIE 2011 for the research, The Malaysian Public's Awareness of S&T - IIUM University
26 May, 2011 Bronze Medal, IRIIE 2011 for Malaysian Science and Technology Indicators Research - IIUM University
14 May, 2011 Quality Research Award - Kuliyyah level (Institute of Education) University
11 Mar, 2010 Outstanding Researcher Award - Kulliyah level (Institute of Education, IIUM) University
08 May, 2009 Outstanding Researcher Award - IIUM university level University
23 Apr, 2009 Outstanding Researcher Award - Kulliyah level (Institute of Education, IIUM) University
23 Apr, 2009 Quality Research Award - Kuliyyah level (Institute of Education) University
01 Jan, 2003 Quality Research Award (Kulliyyah) - International Islamic University Malaysia Kulliyyah



2023 Fostering growth mindset principles in the prevention of type 2 diabetes through a narrative game. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 22 (2) pp. 244-261
2022 Health beliefs and willingness to engage in T2D preventive behaviours among Malay youth: a qualitative inquiry. IIUM Journal of Educational Studies, 10 (2) pp. 124-149
2021 Empowering learners’ reflective thinking through collaborative reflective learning. International Journal of Instruction, 14 (1) pp. 709-726
2021 Impact of Youtube and Video Podcast on listening comprehension among young learners. International Journal of Interactive Mobiles Technologies, 15 (20) pp. 4-19
2019 A case study on vocabulary learning strategies in Malaysia: implications for teaching and learning. The Asian ESP Journal, 15 (1.2) pp. 363-395
2019 Fifty years of communicative language teaching; A synthesis of critical implementation issues. The Asian ESP Journal, 15 (1.2) pp. 147-175
2019 Ready player one? a conceptual analysis on the dynamics of critical thinking and meta cognition in game-based language learning. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering, 8 (7S2) pp. 113-120
2018 Factorial validity and invariance of the MUET essay writing rating scale: empirical and theoretical correspondence. Malaysian Journal of Learning and Instruction, 15 (1) pp. 267-287
2018 Students as partners in quality assurance: implications for higher education. Advanced Science Letters, 24 (4) pp. 2239-2242
2018 Teachers’ views of boys and girls as readers in the English language. Advanced Science Letters, 24 (4) pp. 2235-2238
2018 The workshop as a qualitative research approach: lessons learnt from a “critical thinking through writing” workshop. The Turkish Online Journal of Design, Art and Communication, September 2018 (Special edition) pp. 1504-1510
2018 Using computer analysis of student writing to improve lesson planning. Asian EFL Journal, 20 (12.3) pp. 44-65
2018 Using focused freewriting to stimulate ideas and foster critical thinking during prewriting. TESOL International Journal, 13 (4) pp. 67-81
2017 Blogging as a tool in developing writing skills: lessons from the experience of the students and class teacher. The Asian EFL Journal Professional Teaching Articles, November 2017 (103) pp. 62-74
2017 Boys and girls as readers: what do the teachers think?. Advanced Science Letters, 23 (8) pp. 7549-7552
2017 Bringing the Malaysian curriculum into the 21st century. Advanced Science Letters, 23 (8) pp. 7706-7709
2017 Developing critical thinking through critical reading in the literature classroom. Advanced Science Letters, 23 (5) pp. 5004-5006
2017 Developing ELT materials for Muslim learners. Advanced Science Letters, 23 (8) pp. 7956-7959
2017 EFL pre-university students' readiness for learner autonomy: Does culture matter?. The Asian EFL Journal Professional Teaching Articles, 101 (July 2017) pp. 83-95
2017 Entrepreneurship education and the entrepreneurial intentions of students. Advanced Science Letters, 23 (8) pp. 7948-7951
2017 Metacognition and mobile-assisted vocabulary learning. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ), 8 (2) pp. 16-35
2017 Reviewing the English for academic purposes curriculum: a preliminary analysis from the students’ perspective. Advanced Science Letters, 23 (8) pp. 7944-7947
2017 Using the developmental rubric as a tool in the teaching of academic writing. The Asian EFL Journal, na (102) pp. 294-305
2016 Elementary schoolers' attitudes toward reading in English: how boys feel relative to girls. English Language Teaching, 9 (6) pp. 134-140
2016 English literacy among Malaysian first graders: boys' achievement relative to girls. Asian EFL Journal, 18 (2) pp. 252-262
2016 Literacy among Malaysian primary schoolers: how do boys perform relative to girls?. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 9 (1) pp. 225-238
2015 Freedom without restraint and responsibility: the problem of hate speech in Malaysia. Malayan Law Journal, 5 () pp. xliv-lxvii
2013 The effectiveness of a supplementary reading programme for children in Malaysia's rmote schools. World Applied Sciences Journal, () pp. 125-132
2013 The effectiveness of a supplementary reading programme for children in Malaysia’s remote schools. World Applied Sciences Journal, 21 () pp. 125-132
2011 Girl-Child education in northern Nigeria: problems, challenges, and solutions. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 2 (12) pp. 851-859
2011 Technology and the deterioration of right to privacy. International Journal of Asia-Pacific Studies, 7 (2) pp. 37-54
2010 A national survey on the effective use of the CDRI and educational TV programme in Malaysian schools. Malaysian Journal of Educational Technology, 10 (1) pp. 57-70
2010 The public awareness of science and technology Malaysia 2008. The Public Awareness of Science and Technology Malaysia, () pp.
2009 National survey of research and development 2008: summary. National Survey of Research and Development 2008:Summary, () pp.
2006 National survey of research & development: 2006 report. National Survey of Research and Development: 2006 Report, () pp. 1-64
2004 Conducting tests of hypotheses: the need for an adequate sample size. Australian Educational Researcher, 31 (1) pp. 79-94
2003 Putting statistics in its place : implications for teaching in Islamic institutions of higher learning. Muslim Education Quarterly, 20 (1&2) pp. 13-26
Conference or Workshop Item

2015 A study on the reading strategies employed by law undergraduates and practicing lawyers in case reading. In: The International Conference on Languages (ICL) 2015,
2014 The challenges in the reading of legal cases: lecturers' perspective. In: 3rd International Language Conference (ILC) 2014,
2011 Malaysian science and technology indicators. In: IIUM Research, Invention and Innovation Exhibition (IRIIE) 2011,
2011 The Malaysian public's awareness of S&T. In: IIUM Research, Invention and Innovation Exhibition (IRIIE) 2011,
2009 Islamic higher education: maintaining and ensuring quality. In: International Conference on Islamic University education in Russia and its surrounding areas,
2008 Critical Thinking in Academic Reading. In: Paris International Conference on Education, Economy and Society,
2008 Teaching English to muslim students : some pedagogical implications. In: Paris International Conference On Education, Economy & Society 2008 (PICOEES 2008) ,
2007 Critical reading in English as a second language. In: The Australian Sociological Association (TASA-SAANZ) International Conference,

2014 Malaysian science, technology and innovation (STI) indicators report 2013. Malaysia Science and Technology Information Centre (MASTIC), ISBN: 9789834134570
2011 Issues in education. IIUM Press, ISBN: 9789674180553
2011 Issues In TESL. IIUM Press, ISBN: 9789674180560
2010 Malaysian science and technology indicators 2010. Malaysia Science and Technology Information Centre (MASTIC), ISBN: 1394-9209
1993 The adventures of Ibn Battuta. Budaya Ilmu Sdn Bhd, ISBN: 983-9693-16-6
Book Section

2019 The Research Management Centre: fulfilling the International Islamic University Malaysia vision and mission. In: IIUM Press, International Islamic University Malaysia, ISBN: 978-967-491-035-8, pp. 217-227
2011 Islamic higher education: ensuring and maintaining quality. In: IIUM Press, ISBN: 9789674180553, pp. 165-176
2011 Responding to student's writing: a critique of peer review. In: IIUM Press, ISBN: 9789674180560, pp. 97-118
2011 Standards in education: the meaning of grades. In: IIUM Press, ISBN: 9789674180553, pp. 121-136
2011 Students' attitudes towards reading and parental involvement in their children's reading: a case study of three schools. In: IIUM Press, ISBN: 9789674180560, pp. 119-132
2011 The implementation of the first communicative syllabus in Malaysia. In: IIUM Press, ISBN: 9789674180560, pp. 1-9
2011 The theoretical bases for language teaching and syllabus design. In: IIUM Press, ISBN: 9789674180560, pp. 11-22

2012 National Survey of Research and Development(R&D)2012. In: MASTIC, MOSTI,
2009 An evaluation of a supplementary reading programme for children in remote schools in Sabah and Sarawak, Malaysia. In: Ministry of Education ,