Staff Directory

Ricca Rahman Binti Nasaruddin

Academic Qualification

  • Ph.D in Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering ( Bionanotechnology ) - Doctor of Philosophy, National University of Singapore

Ricca Rahman Binti Nasaruddin (Dr.)

Assistant Professor
IIUM Gombak Campus


Expert Profile

Research Experiences:
  • Improvement of biosensor performances by integration of gold and silver-based internal and external labels (current work with industry)
  • Syntheses and applications of red palm oil nanoemulsion for food and biomedical applications (current)
  • Syntheses and applications of activated carbon from biomass wastes such as durian skin and manufacturing wastes such as carbon chips of carbon fiber reinforced polymer (current)
  • Syntheses of ligand-protected gold, silver and bimetallic gold-silver nanoclusters and nanoparticles for catalysis and antimicrobial application (current)
  • Syntheses, characterizations and catalytic applications of ligand-protected gold and gold-silver nanoclusters (Ph.D.)
  • Extraction of high value chitin from shrimp shell waste (side project of Ph.D.)
  • Development of metal nanocluster catalysts for gas remediation (side project of Ph.D)
  • Production of biodiesel from sludge palm oil by enzymatic transesterification (MSc.)
  • Optimization of citric acid production from oil palm empty fruit bunches by artificial neural network (FYP)
Research Interests:
  • Development of functional nanomaterials (noble metal nanoclusters/nanoparticles, metal oxide nanoparticles, nanoemulsions) for catalysis, electronics, biomedical, food and environmental applications.
  • Fundamental understanding and molecular dynamic of metal nanocluster and metalloenzyme
  • Functionalization of nanomaterials with biogenic ligands/stabilizers/supports for catalysis and biomedical application (antimicrobial applications)
  • Toxicology of nanomaterials for safety and health regulatory¬†
  • Waste to wealth - Conversion of agricultural/domestic/manufacturing wastes into value added products (such as activated carbon, catalysts, etc)
  • Process optimization - Artificial Neural Network (ANN)¬†

Area of Specialisation

  • Biotechnology ~ Biotechnology ~ Industrial and Environmental Biotechnology ~ Biocatalyst - Enzymatic transesterification of sludge palm oil by lipase for biodiesel production
  • Engineering Tech ~ Engineering And Technology ~ Chemical Engineering ~ Catalyst and Reactions - Catalytic application of metal nanocluster
  • Engineering Tech ~ Engineering And Technology ~ Food Engineering ~ Waste Handling and Processing - Fractionation of shrimp shell waste for high value chitin
  • Engineering Tech ~ Applied Sciences And Technologies ~ Energy Technology ~ Biomass Energy Technology (Including Biogas and Biofuel) - Production of biodiesel from sludge palm oil

Professional Membership

  • 2011: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Graduate Engineer), Board of Engineers Malaysia
  • 2017 - 2019: Member of Profesional Body / Association: (Regular Member), American Chemical Society

Teaching Responsibilities

BIOTECHNOLOGY ENGINEERING LAB II 2023/2024 2022/2023 2021/2022 2020/2021 2019/2020 2018/2019
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY 2 2024/2025 2023/2024 2022/2023
CHEMICAL PROCESS SAFETY 2024/2025 2023/2024
ENGINEERING DRAWING 2020/2021 2018/2019
Integrated Design Project 2023/2024 2018/2019
PROJECT I 2023/2024 2018/2019
REACTION ENGINEERING 2023/2024 2022/2023 2021/2022
SEMINAR 2018/2019
TECHNOLOGY ENTREPRENEURSHIP 2021/2022 2020/2021 2019/2020
THERMODYNAMICS 2019/2020 2018/2019
USRAH IN ACTION 1 2023/2024 2021/2022
USRAH IN ACTION 2 2023/2024 2022/2023


Production Of Nanoemulsions Using Fish By-Products Oil Extracted Using Deep Eutectic Solvents For Halal Applications.
Ph.D Completed 2023 Co-supervisor
Green Synthesis Of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles For Biohydrogen Production Using Plant Extract.
Master Completed 2023 Co-supervisor
Experimental Analysis On Tool Wear And Surface Roughness In Milling Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer With Uncoated Tungsten Carbide Tools.
Master Completed 2023 Co-supervisor
Effect Of Stabilizer On Silver Nanoparticles That Immobilized On Activated Carbon Derived From Durian Skin For Methylene Blue Removal.
Master In Progress Main Supervisor
Synthesis Of Postbiotic Gold Nanoparticles (K12-Aunp) And Its Effect On The Susceptibility And Growth Of Candida Auris.
Master In Progress Co-supervisor

Research Projects

2020 - 2022 Building an Entrepreneurial Mindset among Malaysian Leaders and Educators
2019 - 2024 Investigating the immobilization of silver nanoparticle (AgNP) catalyst on activated carbon (AC) derived from durian's skin.
2018 - 2022 Engineering ultrasmall gold-silver alloy nanoparticles for antimicrobial application.
2022 - Present Elucidation on the mechanism of postbiotic-gold nanoparticles (K12-AuNPs) on the inhibition of Candida auris virulence factors in oral cancer candidiasis model.
2021 - Present COVID-19 nanoRTK Development and Commercialisation



2024 Investigating the synthesis parameters of durian skin-based activated carbon and the effects of silver nanocatalysts on its recyclability in methylene blue removal. Discover Nano, 19 (32) pp. 1-23
2022 Analysis on tool wear during milling carbon fiber reinforced polymer in dry, coolant and chilled air condition. Jurnal Tribologi, 36 (March 2023) () pp. 99-107
2022 Enhancing catalytic properties of ligand-protected gold-based 25-metal atom nanoclusters by silver doping. Molecular Catalysis, 518 () pp. 1-10
2021 A systematic literature review on the effects of synthesis conditions to the physicochemical properties of activated carbons and their performance in methylene blue adsorption. Malaysian Catalysis-An International Journal, 1 (2) pp. 12-30
2021 Extraction of Phenolic Compound using Natural Deep Eutectic Solvent from Biomass Waste. IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 1192 (012001) pp.
2021 Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using coffee extract for catalysis. Malaysian NANO-An International Journal, 1 (2) pp. 13-25
2021 Toward greener synthesis of gold nanomaterials: from biological to biomimetic synthesis. Coordination Chemistry Reviews, 426 () pp. 1-24
2020 Alginate and alginate composites for biomedical applications. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 16 (3) pp. 280-306
2019 Electrospray Ionization mass spectrometry: a powerful platform for noble-metal nanocluster analysis. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 131 (German Edition ) / Vol. 58 (English edition) (35) pp. 12093-12103
2019 Toward the shell biorefinery: processing crustacean shell waste using hot water and carbonic acid. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 7 () pp. 5532-5542
2018 Hydride-induced ligand dynamic and structural transformation of gold nanoclusters during a catalytic reaction. Nanoscale, 10 (48) pp. 23113-23121
2018 Ligands modulate reaction pathway in the hydrogenation of 4-Nitrophenol catalyzed by gold nanoclusters. ChemCatChem, 10 (2) pp. 395-402
2018 Rational design of high-performance continuous-flow microreactors based on gold nanoclusters and graphene for catalysis. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 6 (11) pp. 15425-15433
2018 Roles of thiolate ligands in the synthesis, properties and catalytic application of gold nanoclusters. Coordination Chemistry Reviews, 368 () pp. 60-79
2017 Golden carbon nanotube membrane for continuous flow catalysis. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 56 (11) pp. 2999-3007
2017 Heating or cooling: temperature effects on the synthesis of atomically precise gold nanoclusters. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 121 (20) pp. 10743-10751
2016 Statistical optimization of ethanol-based biodiesel production from sludge palm oil using locally produced candida cylindracea lipase. Waste and Biomass Valorization, 7 (1) pp. 87-95
2016 Tuning the accessibility and activity of Au25(SR)18 nanocluster catalysts through ligand engineering. Chemistry A European Journal, 22 () pp. 14816-14820
2014 Evaluation of solvent system for the enzymatic synthesis of ethanol-based biodiesel from sludge palm oil (SPO). Bioresource Technology, 154 () pp. 155-161
2013 Enzymatic biodiesel production from sludge palm oil (SPO) using locally produced Candida cylindracea lipase . African Journal of Biotechnology, 12 (31) pp. 4966-4974
2012 The importance of a standardized Islamic manufacturing practice (IMP) for food and pharmaceutical productions. The Importance of a Standardized Islamic Manufacturing Practice (IMP) for Food and Pharmaceutical Productions, 6 (5 Special 4) pp. 588-595
2012 The potential of artificial neural network (ANN) in optimizing media constituents of citric acid production by solid state bioconversion. International Food Research Journal, 19 (2) pp. 491-497
Conference or Workshop Item

2023 Investigating the synthesis of activated carbon from carbon chips of carbon fibre reinforced polymer for the removal of methylene blue. In: Proceeding of 5th International Conference on Advances in Manufacturing and Materials Engineering (ICAMME2022),
2022 Effect of stabilizers in the synthesis of silver nanoparticles and Methylene blue oxidation. In: 6th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering (ICBioE 2021),
2022 Evaluating the potential of chitin extracted from shrimp shell wastes as support material of gold nanoclusters (AuNCs) for catalysis. In: 6th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering (ICBioE 2021),
2022 Investigating the Synthesis of Activated Carbon from Carbon Chips of Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer for the removal of Methylene Blue. In: Proceeding of 5th International Conference on Advances in Manufacturing and Materials Engineering,
2020 Engineering gold-silver nanoclusters (Au-Ag NCs) for antimicrobial application. In: Nanotechnology Symposium 2020,
2019 Structural transformation and ligand dynamic of gold nanocluster during a catalytic reaction. In: Southeast Asia Catalysis Conference,